Blackspot sergeant Abudefduf sordidus, copyright Brian Gratwicke.

Belongs within: Pomacentridae.

Abudefduf is a pantropical genus of relatively large damselfishes that are often marked by dark bars (Allen 1975).

Characters (from Allen 1975): Margin of preopercle and suborbital entire; notch between preorbital and suborbital absent; dorsal spines XIII; pectoral rays usually 18 to 20; gill rakers usually 21 to 27; tubed lateral-lined scales usually 20 to 22; preorbital and suborbital scaled or naked; teeth uniserial, usually with notched or flattened tips at least at front of jaws; snout scaled at least to front of orbits, frequently to about level of nostrils or slightly beyond; body depth 1.6 to 1.9 in SL; colour pattern usually composed of a series of dark cross bars on sides.

<==Abudefduf Forskål 1775 [incl. Euschistodus Gill 1862, Glyphidodon Gill 1862, Glyphisodon Lacepede 1803]S60
    |--*A. sordidus Forsskål 1775S60, TMH04, A01 (see below for synonymy)
    `--+--A. vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)TMH04, M58 [=Glyphisodon vaigiensisM58, A. saxatilis vaigiensisM58]
       `--+--A. saxatilis (Linnaeus 1758)TMH04, S60 (see below for synonymy)
          `--A. sexfasciatus (Lacepède 1802)TMH04, S60 (see below for synonymy)
Abudefduf incertae sedis:
  A. abdominalis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) [=Glyphisodon abdominalis]A75
  A. annulatus (Peters 1855) [=Pomacentrus annulatus]S60
  A. atrapinna Seale 1935M58
  A. azysron (Bleeker 1877)S60
  A. bengalensis (Bloch 1787)A75 (see below for synonymy)
  A. cingulatus [=Glyphidodon cingulatus]JR10
  A. cingulum (Klunzinger 1871)S60
  A. coelestinus (Cuvier 1830)A75 [=Glyphisodon coelestinusA75, A. saxatilis coelestinusM58]
  A. coracinus Seale 1909M28
  A. dasygenys Fowler 1935S60
  *Euchistodus’ declivifronsM28
  A. fallax (Peters 1855) [=Glyphidodon fallax]S60
  ‘Glyphisodon’ florulentus Gunther 1862S60
  A. fuliginosus Smith 1960S60
  A. glaucus (Cuvier 1830)S60 (see below for synonymy)
  ‘Glyphisodon’ limbatus C & V 1830S60
  A. lorenzi Hensley & Allen 1977A01
  ‘Glyphidodon’ maculipinnis Bliss 1883S60
  ‘Glyphisodon’ margariteus C & V 1830S60
  A. mauritiiF15
  *Glyphisodon’ moncharraM28
  A. notatus (Day 1869) [=Glyphidodon notatus]S60
  A. philippinus Fowler 1918 [=A. (Amblyglyphidodon) philippinus]M28
  A. rhomaleusM28
  A. rhyncholepis (Bleeker 1869) [=Glyphidodon rhyncholepis]S60
  ‘Glyphisodon’ sculptus Peters 1855 (n. d.)S60
  A. septemfasciatus (Cuvier 1830)A01 [=Glyphisodon septemfasciatusS60, Glyphidodon septemfasciatusS60]
  A. sindensis Day 1878 [=Pomacentrus sindensis]S60
  A. sparoides (C & V 1830) (see below for synonymy)S60
  A. whitleyi Allen & Robertson 1974A01
  A. xanthozonus (Bleeker 1853)S60 (see below for synonymy)

Abudefduf bengalensis (Bloch 1787)A75 [=Chaetodon bengalensisA75, Glyphidodon bengalensisS60, Glyphisodon bengalensisS60; incl. Glyphidodon affinis Günther 1862A75, Glyphisodon palmeri Ogilby 1913A75]

Abudefduf glaucus (Cuvier 1830)S60 [=Glyphisodon glaucusS60, Chrysiptera glaucaM28, Glyphidodontops glaucusA75; incl. Chrysiptera hollisi Fowler 1946A75, Glyphidodon modestus Pfeffer 1893S60, Glyphidodontops modestusM28, Glyphidodon pallidus De Vis 1883A75]

Abudefduf saxatilis (Linnaeus 1758)TMH04, S60 [=Chaetodon saxatilisM28, Glyphidodon saxatilisS60, Glyphisodon saxatilisS60; incl. Abudefduf quinquilineatus von Bonde 1934S60]

Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède 1802)TMH04, S60 [=Labrus sexfasciatusS60, Glyphidodon sexfasciatusS60, Glyphisodon sexfasciatusS60; incl. G. rahti Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830S60]

*Abudefduf sordidus Forsskål 1775S60, TMH04, A01 [=Chaetodon sordidusS60, Glyphidodon sordidusS60, Glyphisodon sordidusS60; incl. Glyphidodon adenensis Gunther 1866S60, Glyphisodon geant Lienard 1839S60]

Abudefduf sparoides (C & V 1830) [=Glyphisodon sparoides, Glyphidodon sparoides; incl. Pomacentrus zanzibarensis von Bonde 1934]S60

Abudefduf xanthozonus (Bleeker 1853)S60 [=Glyphisodon xanthozonaS60, Glyphidodon xanthozonaS60, Glyphisodon brownriggii var. xanthozonaM28]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A75] Allen, G. R. 1975. Damselfishes of the South Seas. T.F.H.

[A01] Allen, J. R. 2001. Pomacentridae. Damselfishes (anemonefishes). In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3337–3356. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[F15] Fowler, H. W. 1915. Cold-blooded vertebrates from Florida, the West Indies, Costa Rica, and eastern Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 244–269.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[M28] Montalban, H. R. 1928. Pomacentridae of the Philippine Islands. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[M58] Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: a check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 10 (4): 97–369 (reprinted: 1958. Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin no. 1).

[S60] Smith, J. L. B. 1960. Coral fishes of the family Pomacentridae from the western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin 19: 317–349.

[TMH04] Tang, K. L., K. M. McNyset & N. I. Holcroft. 2004. The phylogenetic position of five genera (Acanthochromis, Azurina, Chrysiptera, Dischistodus, and Neopomacentrus) of damselfishes (Perciformes: Pomacentridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 823–828.

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