Acridinae

 Slant-faced pasture grasshopper Orphulella speciosa, copyright Mathew Brust.

Belongs within: Acridoidea.

The Acridinae are a group of grasshoppers in which the prosternum lacks a central tubercle or spine (Rentz 1996). They include the cone-headed grasshoppers of the genus Acrida, relatively large grasshoppers with an elongate head and flat sword-shaped antennae. Members of the genus Orphulella are abundant in the Americas and have constricted lateral carinae on the pronotum. Dichroplus is a largely South American genus with some representatives being significant pests in that area. The Australian genus Austroicetes includes the small plague grasshopper A. cruciata, a pest of winter wheat crops (Rentz 1996).

<==Acridinae [Locustinae]R96
|--Froggattina australisR96
|--Calephorops viridisK91
|--Schizobothrus flavovittatusR96, R91
|--Cryptobothrus chrysophorusR96
|--PeralaR96
|--Caledia captivaR96
|--RapsillaR96
|--Qualetta maculataR96
|--Pycnostictus seriatusR96
|--PseudaiolopusR96
|--Heteropternis obscurellaK91
|--Gastrimargus musicusR96
|--Chortoicetes terminiferaR96
|--Colpolopha obsoleta (Serville 1831) [=Tropinotus obsoletus]R18
|--Oxyblepta xanthoclora (Marschall 1835) [=Gryllus xanthochlorus]R18
|--Mastusia caeruleipennis Bruner 1911R18
|--EumastusiaR18
|--Vilerna aeneooculata (DeGeer 1773) [=Acrydium aeneooculatum]R18
|--AgeneotettixBM76
|--AmphitornusBM76
|--AulocaraBM76
|--Hyalopteryx rufipennisR15
|--Orphula paganaR15
|--Parorphula gramineaR15
|--Fenestra bohlsiiR15
|--Staurorhectus longicornisR15
|--Scyllina pictaR15
|--Coryacris angustipennisR15
|--Elaeochlora viridicataR15
|--Chromacris milesR15
|--Diponthus paraguayensisR15
|--Zygoclistron superbumR15
|--Aleuas gracilisR15
|--Parapleurus alliaeusE66, BM76
|--Chloropseustes Rehn 1918R18
| `--*C. leucotylus Rehn 1918R18
|--TropidacrisR18
| |--T. collaris (Stoll 1813) [=Gryllus (Locusta) collaris]R18
| `--T. duxSBM11
|--StenacrisR18
| |--S. cylindrodes (Stål 1860) [=Opsomala cylindrodes]R18
| `--S. interiorR15
|--TetrataeniaR18
| |--T. phila Rehn 1918R18
| `--T. surinama (Linnaeus 1764) [=Gryllus surinamus]R18
|--BucephalacrisR18
| |--*B. corallipes Bruner 1911R18
| `--B. falcifer Rehn 1918R18
|--OsmiliaR18
| |--O. flavolineata (DeGeer 1773) [=Acrydium flavolineatum]R18
| `--O. violaceaR18
|--AmblytropidiaR15
| |--A. australisR15
| `--A. robustaR15
|--DiedronotusR15
| |--D. discoideusR15
| `--D. laevipesR15
|--InusiaR15
| |--I. gracillimaR15
| `--I. pallidaR15
|--LeiotettixR15
| |--L. pulcherR15
| `--L. sanguineusR15
|--StauroderusE66
| |--S. scalarisF92
| |--S. schmidtiBM76
| `--S. vagansE66
|--ZoniopodaR15
| |--Z. cruentataR15
| |--Z. iheringiR15
| |--Z. omnicolorR15
| `--Z. tarsataR15
|--SitalcesR18
| |--S. apterus (Scudder 1875) [=Ommatolampis apterus]R18
| |--S. debilisR18
| |--S. jugatus Rehn 1918R18
| |--S. nudusR18
| `--S. ovatipennis Bruner 1908R18
|--DichroplusR15
| |--D. bergiiR15
| |--D. dubiusR15
| |--D. elongatusR15
| |--D. punctulatusR15
| `--D. robustulusR15
|--AustroicetesR96
| |--A. cruciataR96
| |--A. fraterR96
| |--A. interiorisR91
| |--A. nullaborensisR91
| |--A. pusillaW70
| |--A. tricolorK90
| `--A. vulgarisR96
|--OrphulellaR18
| |--O. boucardi (Bruner 1904) [=Linoceratium boucardi]R18
| |--O. comptaE70
| |--O. concinnulaE70
| |--O. olivaceaE70
| |--O. pelidnaE70
| |--O. punctata (DeGeer 1773) [=Acrydium punctatum]R18
| |--O. speciosaE70
| `--O. tepanecaE70
`--Acrida Linnaeus 1758L58
|--A. acuminataS63
|--A. bara Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. bicolorS63
|--A. caucasicaS63
|--A. cheesmanaeS63
|--A. chinensis [=Tryxalis chinensis]B01
|--A. cinereaS63
|--A. confusaS63
|--A. conicaR96
|--A. coronata Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. crassicollisS63
|--A. crida Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. csikii Bolivar 1901B01
|--A. exaltataS63
|--A. exota Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. formosana Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. fumata Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. granulataS63
|--A. gyarosi Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. herbaceaS63
|--A. hsiai Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. incallidaS63
|--A. indicaS63
|--A. kozloviS63
|--A. lataBM76
|--A. lineataB01
|--A. madecassaS63
|--A. maroccanaS63
|--A. montana Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. nasuta (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Acrida) nasutus]L58
|--A. oxycephalaF92
|--A. propinquaS63
|--A. rufipes Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. shanghaica Steimann 1963S63
|--A. subtilisS63
|--A. sulphuripennisS63
|--A. testaceaS63
|--A. tjiamuica Steinmann 1963S63
|--A. turrita (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Acrida) turritus]L58
|--A. ungaricaS63
`--A. willemseiS63

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[B01] Bolivar, I. 1901. Orthopterák [Orthoptères]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 223–243. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[E70] Eades, D. C. 1970. Theoretical and procedural aspects of numerical phyletics. Systematic Zoology 19 (2): 142–171.

[E66] Evans, H. E. 1966. The Comparative Ethology and Evolution of the Sand Wasps. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[K90] Key, K. H. L. 1990. Host relations and distribution of species of Caeculisoma (Acarina: Erythraeidae) parasitising grasshoppers in Australia, with supplementary information for the genus Trombella (Trombellidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 38: 11–18.

[K91] Key, K. H. L. 1991. Host relations and distribution of Australian species of Charletonia (Acarina: Erythraeidae) parasitising grasshoppers. Australian Journal of Zoology 39: 31–43.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[R91] Rentz, D. C. F. 1991. Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 369–393. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[SBM11] Solomon, E. P., L. R. Berg & D. W. Martin (eds) 2011. Biology 9th ed. Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning.

[S63] Steinmann, H. 1963. New species of the genus Acrida L. (Orthoptera) from Africa and Asia. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 9 (3–4): 403–427.

[W70] White, M. J. D. 1970. Cytogenetics. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 72–82. Melbourne University Press.

 

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