Acrydiinae

Bombay locust Acridium succinctum, from Maxwell-Lefroy (1909).

Belongs within: Caelifera.

The Acrydiinae are a group of grasshoppers in which the wings and abdomen are concealed by a large rearwards projection of the pronotum. The Bombay locust Acridium succinctum is a southern Asian species that has historically been recorded forming swarms though such behaviour has not been observed since the very early 1900s.

<==AcrydiinaeR18
|--Eomorphopus granulatus Hancock 1906R18
|--Allotettix peruvianus (Bolivar 1887) [=Paratettix peruvianus]R18
|--Micronotus caudatus (Saussure 1861) [=Tettix caudata; incl. T. gracilis Bruner 1906]R18
|--Apotettix bruneri Hancock in Bruner 1906R18
`--AcridiumB01
|--A. bilineatumR26
|--A. bipunctatumR26
|--A. caerulescens (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Gryllus (Locusta) caerulescensL02, L58]
|--A. caeruleumR26
|--A. cristatum (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Gryllus (Locusta) cristatusL02, L58]
|--A. elephas (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Gryllus (Locusta) elephasL02, L58]
|--A. germanicumR26
|--A. italicum (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Gryllus (Locusta) italicusL02, L58]
|--A. lineola [=Gryllus lineola]L02
|--A. miliare (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Gryllus (Locusta) miliarisL02, L58]
|--A. roseumB01
|--A. rubellumB00
|--A. ruficorne [=Gryllus ruficornis]L02
|--A. rufum (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Gryllus (Locusta) rufusL02, L58]
|--A. serratum (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Gryllus (Bulla) serratusL02, L58]
|--A. stridulum (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Gryllus (Locusta) stridulusL02, L58]
|--A. succinctumR13
`--A. viridulum (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Gryllus (Locusta) viridulusL02, L58]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B01] Bolivar, I. 1901. Orthopterák [Orthoptères]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 223–243. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[B00] Bordage, E. 1900. On the absence of regeneration in the posterior limbs of the Orthoptera saltatoria and its probable causes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 234–236.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

 

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