Agathidinae

Agathis sp., copyright Marci Hess.

Belongs within: Braconidae.

The Agathidinae are a cosmopolitan group of braconid wasps endoparasitic on larvae of Lepidoptera, characterised by their distinctive wing venation (Achterberg 1993). Many species are black and orange or yellow in coloration (Naumann 1991).

Characters (from Achterberg 1993): Marginal cell of forewing extremely narrow and rather long; vein m-cu of forewing more or less diverging posteriorly, from direction of anterior half of vein 1-M; vein CU1b of forewing absent; trace of vein 2-CU of hind wing nearly always present and nearly always situated at or above level of vein cu-a.

Agathidinae [Agathidini, Bassini]A93
|--Neocremnops virginiensisBS23
`--+--+--BassusBS23
| | |--B. fastidiator [=Ichneumon (Bassus) fastidiator]G20
| | |--B. flavipes Lucas 1849E12
| | |--B. laetatoriusMS01
| | `--B. melleusA93
| `--AgathisBS23
| |--A. bovaei Lucas 1849E12
| |--A. brevisetisMS01
| |--A. brullaei Lucas 1849E12
| |--A. malvacearum [=Bracon (Agathis) malvacearum]G20
| |--A. purgatorR26
| |--A. rostratorR26
| |--A. rufipalpisMS01
| |--A. thoracica Lucas 1849E12
| `--A. tibialisMS01
`--+--AlabagrusBS23
`--Neothlipsis cinctaBS23

Agathidinae incertae sedis:
CremnopsN91
DisophrysN91
ZelomorphaN91
Aneurocentron [Mesocoelina]A93
`--A. annulipesA93
Orgiloneura Ashmead 1900A00
`--*O. antipoda Ashmead 1900A00
MicrodusA00
|--M. gloriatorius [=Bracon (Microdus) gloriatorius]G20
`--M. tumidulusMS01

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A93] Achterberg, C. van. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen 283: 1–189.

[A00] Ashmead, W. H. 1900. Notes on some New Zealand and Australian parasitic Hymenoptera, with descriptions of new genera and new species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1900 (3): 327–360.

[BS23] Blaimer, B. B., B. F. Santos, A. Cruaud, M. W. Gates, R. R. Kula, I. Mikó, J.-Y. Rasplus, D. R. Smith, E. J. Talamas, S. G. Brady & M. L. Buffington. 2023. Key innovations and the diversification of Hymenoptera. Nature Communications 14: 1212.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

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