Agoristenidae

Paravima sp., copyright O. Villarreal M..

Belongs within: Grassatores.
Contains: Avima.

The Agoristenidae are a group of harvestmen found in northern South America and islands of the Caribbean (Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2007).

Characters (from Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2007): Body length around 2–5 mm. Ocularium close to anterior border; four areas on dorsal scutum, often effaced; I–IV and posterior margin with small tubercles; I divided; III–IV, posterior margin, and free tergites with or without a pair of spines. Coxae with transverse rows of granues, growing larger anteriorly; coxae I–III parallel to each other, IV a little more developed but not hypertelic; spiracles usually exposed. Legs usually straight, leg I short; tarsal formula 4–9(3):7–28(3–6):5–8:5–10; tarsal process usually absent; claws smooth and subparallel. Penis: truncus with apical ventral plate short, unarmed, divided; with strong setae bent to proximal side; stylus usually with dorsal soft longitudinal crest or keel.

Agoristenidae [Agoristeridae]
    |  i. s.: Globibunus Roewer 1912 K15
    |           `–*G. rubrofemoratus Roewer 1912 K03
    |–Zamorinae P-RK07
    |    |–Palcabius Roewer 1956 K03
    |    |    `–*P. palpalis Roewer 1956 K03
    |    |–Ramonus Roewer 1956 K03
    |    |    `–*R. conifrons Roewr 1956 K03
    |    `–Zamora Roewer 1928 K03, KA-Z11
    |         |–*Z. granulata Roewer 1928 K03, KA-Z11
    |         `–Z. vulcana Kury 1997 K03
    `–+–Leiosteninae P-RK07
       |    |–Avima P-RK07
       |    |–Barinas González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |    `–*B. flava González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |–Sabanilla Roewer 1913 K03
       |    |    `–*S. ornata Roewer 1913 K03
       |    |–Vima Hirst 1912 K03
       |    |    `–*V. insignis Hirst 1912 K03
       |    |–Vimina González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |    `–*V. virginis González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |–Andrescava Roewer 1957 K03
       |    |    |–*A. weyrauchi Roewer 1957 K03
       |    |    `–A. sturmi Roewer 1963 K03
       |    |–Ocoita Gonzáleza-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |    |–*O. mina González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |    |–O. servae González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |    `–O. tapipensis González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |–Barlovento González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |    |–*B. marmoratus (González-Sponga 1981) K03, KA-Z11 [=Vima marmorata K03, B. marmorata K03]
       |    |    |–B. albapatella González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |    |–B. littorei González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    |    `–B. salmeronensis González-Sponga 1987 K03
       |    `–Paravima Caporiacco 1951 [=Paraavima (l. c.)] K03
       |         |–*P. goodnightiorum Caporiacco 1951 V-MD05
       |         |–P. acanthoconus Villarreal-Manzanilla & DoNascimiento 2005 V-MD05
       |         |–P. flumencaurimarensis González-Sponga 1987 V-MD05
       |         |–P. locumida González-Sponga 1987 V-MD05
       |         |–P. morritomacairensis González-Sponga 1987 V-MD05
       |         `–P. propespelunca González-Sponga 1987 V-MD05
       `–Agoristeninae [Angelinae, Angelininae] P-RK07
            |–Agoristenus Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    |–*A. cubanus Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    `–A. haitensis Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |–Ahotta Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    `–*A. hispaniolica Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |–Calmotrinus Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    `-*C. turquinensis Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |–Dumitrescuella Avram 1977 K03
            |    `–*D. ornata Avram 1977 K03
            |–Haitimera Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    `–*H. paeninsularis Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |–Lichirtes Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    `–*L. hexapodoides Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |–Orghidanella Avram 1977 K03
            |    `–*O. granpiedrae Avram 1977 K03
            |–Piratrinus Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    `–*P. calcaratus Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |–Vampyrostenus Šilhavý 1976 K03
            |    `–*V. kratochvili Šilhavý 1976 K03
            |–Yunquenus Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    `–*Y. portoricanus Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |–Meriosfera Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    |–*M. gertschi Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |    `–M. lineata Šilhavý 1973 K03
            |–Torreana Avram 1977 K03
            |    |–*T. poeyi Avram 1977 K03
            |    `–T. spinata Avram 1977 K03
            `–Leptostygnus Mello-Leitão 1940 P-RK07, K03 (see below for synonymy)
                 |–*L. leptochirus Mello-Leitão 1940 K03
                 `–L. marchantiarum (González-Sponga 1987) [=*Angela marchantiarum] K03

Leptostygnus Mello-Leitão 1940 P-RK07, K03 [=Leptostygnu (l. c.) K03; incl. Angela González-Sponga 1987 non Lesson 1843 K03]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[K03] Kury, A. B. 2003. Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, volumen especial monográfico 1: 1–337.

[K15] Kury, A. B. 2015. Opiliones are no longer the same—on suprafamilial groups in harvestmen (Arthropoda: Arachnida). Zootaxa 3925 (3): 301–340.

[KA-Z11] Kury, A. B., & M. A. Alonso-Zarazaga. 2011. Addenda and corrigenda to the “Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones)”. Zootaxa 3034: 47–68.

[P-RK07] Pinto-da-Rocha, R., & A. B. Kury. 2007. Agoristenidae Šilhavý, 1973. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., G. Machado & G. Giribet (eds) Harvestmen: The Biology of Opiliones pp. 171–173. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[V-MD05] Villarreal-Manzanilla, O., & C. DoNascimiento. 2005. Una nueva especie del género Paravima Caporiacco, 1951 (Opiliones, Laniatores, Agoristenidae) del tramo oriental de la cordillera de La Costa, Estado Miranda, Venezuela. Memoria de la Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales 161–162: 101–111.

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