Agoristenidae

Paravima sp., copyright O. Villarreal M.

Belongs within: Gonyleptoidea.
Contains: Avima.

The Agoristenidae are a group of harvestmen found in northern South America and islands of the Caribbean (Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2007).

Characters (from Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2007): Body length around 2–5 mm. Ocularium close to anterior border; four areas on dorsal scutum, often effaced; I–IV and posterior margin with small tubercles; I divided; III–IV, posterior margin, and free tergites with or without a pair of spines. Coxae with transverse rows of granues, growing larger anteriorly; coxae I–III parallel to each other, IV a little more developed but not hypertelic; spiracles usually exposed. Legs usually straight, leg I short; tarsal formula 4–9(3):7–28(3–6):5–8:5–10; tarsal process usually absent; claws smooth and subparallel. Penis: truncus with apical ventral plate short, unarmed, divided; with strong setae bent to proximal side; stylus usually with dorsal soft longitudinal crest or keel.

<==Agoristenidae [Agoristeridae]
    |  i. s.: Globibunus Roewer 1912 [Globibuninae]K15
    |           `--*G. rubrofemoratus Roewer 1912K03
    |--LeiosteninaeP-RK07
    |    |--AvimaP-RK07
    |    |--Barinas González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |    `--*B. flava González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |--Sabanilla Roewer 1913K03
    |    |    `--*S. ornata Roewer 1913K03
    |    |--Vima Hirst 1912K03
    |    |    `--*V. insignis Hirst 1912K03
    |    |--Vimina González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |    `--*V. virginis González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |--Andrescava Roewer 1957K03
    |    |    |--*A. weyrauchi Roewer 1957K03
    |    |    `--A. sturmi Roewer 1963K03
    |    |--Ocoita Gonzáleza-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |    |--*O. mina González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |    |--O. servae González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |    `--O. tapipensis González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |--Barlovento González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |    |--*B. marmoratus (González-Sponga 1981)K03, KA-Z11 [=Vima marmorataK03, B. marmorataK03]
    |    |    |--B. albapatella González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |    |--B. littorei González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    |    `--B. salmeronensis González-Sponga 1987K03
    |    `--Paravima Caporiacco 1951 [=Paraavima (l. c.)]K03
    |         |--*P. goodnightiorum Caporiacco 1951V-MD05
    |         |--P. acanthoconus Villarreal-Manzanilla & DoNascimiento 2005V-MD05
    |         |--P. flumencaurimarensis González-Sponga 1987V-MD05
    |         |--P. locumida González-Sponga 1987V-MD05
    |         |--P. morritomacairensis González-Sponga 1987V-MD05
    |         `--P. propespelunca González-Sponga 1987V-MD05
    `--Agoristeninae [Angelinae, Angelininae]P-RK07
         |--Agoristenus Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    |--*A. cubanus Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    `--A. haitensis Šilhavý 1973K03
         |--Ahotta Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    `--*A. hispaniolica Šilhavý 1973K03
         |--Calmotrinus Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    `-*C. turquinensis Šilhavý 1973K03
         |--Dumitrescuella Avram 1977K03
         |    `--*D. ornata Avram 1977K03
         |--Haitimera Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    `--*H. paeninsularis Šilhavý 1973K03
         |--Lichirtes Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    `--*L. hexapodoides Šilhavý 1973K03
         |--Orghidanella Avram 1977K03
         |    `--*O. granpiedrae Avram 1977K03
         |--Piratrinus Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    `--*P. calcaratus Šilhavý 1973K03
         |--Vampyrostenus Šilhavý 1976K03
         |    `--*V. kratochvili Šilhavý 1976K03
         |--Yunquenus Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    `--*Y. portoricanus Šilhavý 1973K03
         |--Meriosfera Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    |--*M. gertschi Šilhavý 1973K03
         |    `--M. lineata Šilhavý 1973K03
         |--Torreana Avram 1977K03
         |    |--*T. poeyi Avram 1977K03
         |    `--T. spinata Avram 1977K03
         `--Leptostygnus Mello-Leitão 1940P-RK07, K03 (see below for synonymy)
              |--*L. leptochirus Mello-Leitão 1940K03
              `--L. marchantiarum (González-Sponga 1987) [=*Angela marchantiarum]K03

Leptostygnus Mello-Leitão 1940P-RK07, K03 [=Leptostygnu (l. c.)K03; incl. Angela González-Sponga 1987 non Lesson 1843K03]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[K03] Kury, A. B. 2003. Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, volumen especial monográfico 1: 1–337.

[K15] Kury, A. B. 2015. Opiliones are no longer the same—on suprafamilial groups in harvestmen (Arthropoda: Arachnida). Zootaxa 3925 (3): 301–340.

[KA-Z11] Kury, A. B., & M. A. Alonso-Zarazaga. 2011. Addenda and corrigenda to the “Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones)”. Zootaxa 3034: 47–68.

[P-RK07] Pinto-da-Rocha, R., & A. B. Kury. 2007. Agoristenidae Šilhavý, 1973. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., G. Machado & G. Giribet (eds) Harvestmen: The Biology of Opiliones pp. 171–173. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[V-MD05] Villarreal-Manzanilla, O., & C. DoNascimiento. 2005. Una nueva especie del género Paravima Caporiacco, 1951 (Opiliones, Laniatores, Agoristenidae) del tramo oriental de la cordillera de La Costa, Estado Miranda, Venezuela. Memoria de la Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales 161–162: 101–111.

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