Alauda

 Japanese skylark Alauda japonica, copyright Alpsdrake.

Belongs within: Alaudidae.

Alauda, the skylarks, are a genus of larks found in the Palaearctic region (with the Eurasian skylark Alauda arvensis also introduced to eastern Australia, New Zealand and North America). Members of this genus have streaked brown upperparts, pale underparts and a short erectile crest. The Oriental skylark A. gulgula of eastern Asia differs from the Eurasian skylark A. arvensis in being smaller with a relatively longer and thicker bill, shorter tail and shorter wings. The Raso lark A. razae is a critically endangered species found only on the islet of Raso in the Cape Verde Islands.

<==Alauda Linnaeus 1758CC10
    |--*A. arvensis Linnaeus 1758CC10
    |    |--A. a. arvensisCC10 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--A. a. cantarella Bonaparte 1850L03
    |    |--A. a. intermediaVP89
    |    |--A. a. pekinensis Swinhoe 1863 [incl. A. buxtoni Allen 1905]L03
    |    `--A. a. scotica Tschusi 1903CC10
    |--A. dulcivox Hume 1872L03
    |--A. gulgulaJT12
    |    |--A. g. gulgulaL03
    |    |--A. g. coelivox Swinhoe 1859L03
    |    |--A. g. herberti Hartert 1923 [=A. arvensis herberti]L03
    |    |--A. g. sala Swinhoe 1870 [incl. A. arvensis hainana Hartert 1922]L03
    |    |--A. g. vernayi Mayr in Stanford & Mayr 1941 [=A. arvensis vernayi]L03
    |    `--A. g. weigoldi Hartert 1922 [=A. arvensis weigoldi]L03
    |--A. gypsorum Portis 1887M02
    |--A. japonicaJT12 [=A. arvensis japonicaL81]
    |--A. major Portis 1887M02
    |--A. pyrrhonotaS66
    |--A. razaeJT12
    `--A. rubraJ23

Alauda arvensis arvensis Linnaeus 1758CC10 [incl. A. albigularis Brehm 1841L03, A. bugiensis Löwenstein & Brehm in Brehm 1841L03, A. galeridaria Brehm 1841L03, A. gracilis Brehm 1841L03, A. montana Brehm 1831L03, A. pratorum Brehm 1841L03, A. tenuirostris Brehm 1841L03]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[J23] James, E. 1823. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819 and ’20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, sec’y of war: under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. From the notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring party vol. 1. H. C. Carey & I. Lea: Philadelphia.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L03] LeCroy, M. 2003. Type specimens of birds in the American Museum of Natural History. Part 5. Passeriformes: Alaudidae, Hirundinidae, Motacillidae, Campephagidae, Pycnonotidae, Irenidae, Laniidae, Vangidae, Bombycillidae, Dulidae, Cinclidae, Troglodytidae, and Mimidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 278: 1–156.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[S66] Sclater, P. L. 1866. Report on birds collected at Windvogelberg, South Africa, by Capt. G. E. Bulger, C. M. Z. S. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 21–23.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

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