Aleochara

Aleochara curtula, copyright U. Schmidt.

Belongs within: Aleocharini.

Aleochara is a genus of aleocharine staphylinids characterised by a partially concealed head and five-segmented tarsi with the first segment much longer than the second. They are commonly associated with decaying matter (Olliff 1886).

Characters (from Olliff 1886): Mentum very short, narrowed and slightly emarginate in front. Ligula very short, broad, bifid. Maxillary palpi 5-segmented, the second and third segment subequal, the fifth very small. Labial palpi 4-segmented, the first segment longer than the others, the fourth very small. Mandibles unarmed. Labrum transverse, truncate in front. Head ovate, retracted, not narrowed behind. Antennae short, thickened towards the extremity, 1st, 2nd and 3rd segments elongate, the following, with the exception of the 11th, transverse. Prothorax broadly transverse, narrowed in front, rounded at the sides. Elytra slightly rounded behind. Abdomen either parallel-sided or narrowed behind. Legs rather short; intermediate coxae somewhat remote; tarsi 5:5:5, first segment of posterior pair distinctly longer than 2nd.

Aleochara Gravenhorst 1802 O86
    |–A. actae Olliff 1886 O86
    |–A. analis (Macleay 1871) [=Oxypoda analis] O86
    |–A. asiatica O86
    |–A. baliola Olliff 1886 O86
    |–A. bilineata P91
    |–A. bipunctata C01
    |–A. bisulcata (Redt. 1867) [=Oxypoda bisulcata] O86
    |–A. brachialis Jekel 1873 O86
    |–A. crassiuscula G89
    |–A. croceipennis Motschulsky 1858 [incl. A. maculipennis Kraatz 1859, A. sanguinipennis Kraatz 1859] O86
    |–A. curtula (Goeze 1777) M04
    |–A. fuscipes O86
    |–A. haemorrhoidalis O86
    |–A. insuavis Olliff 1886 O86
    |–A. lata Gravenhorst 1802 M04
    |–A. marginata Fauvel 1877 O86
    |–A. mastersi Macleay 1871 O86
    |–A. moesta C01
    |–A. nitida C01
    |–A. (Isochara) perturbans Fenyes 1921 F21
    |–A. puberula Klug 1883 [incl. A. armitagei Wollaston 1854, A. decorata Aubé 1850, A. dubia Fauvel 1863] O86
    |–A. punctum Fauvel 1878 O86
    |–A. scutellaris Lucas 1846 E12
    |–A. semirubra Fauvel 1877 O86
    |–A. speculifera Erichson 1842 O86
    |–A. subaenea ED04
    |–A. tristis C01
    `–A. vicina Olliff 1886 O86

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] Band II. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[ED04] Ewers, R. M., & R. K. Didham. 2004. A first assessment of New Zealand beetles restricted to large forest areas. Weta 27: 33–40.

[F21] Fenyes, A. 1921. New genera and species of Aleocharinae with a polytomic synopsis of the tribes. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 65 (2): 15–36.

[G89] Gestro, R. 1889. Viaggio ab Assab nel Mar Rosso dei signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso «Esploratore» dal 16 Novembre 1879 al 26 Febbraio 1880.—IV. Coleotteri. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 5–72.

[M04] Maruyama, M. 2004. Redescription of the genus Creochara (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae: Aleocharini) and its systematic position. Canadian Entomologist 136: 621–637.

[O86] Olliff, A. S. 1886. A revision of the Staphylinidae of Australia. Part I. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 403–473, pl. 7.

[P91] Petrushov, A. Z. 1991. Selection and mechanisms of ambush resistance in Metaseiulus occidentalis N. (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 741–748. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

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