Aleochara

Aleochara curtula, copyright U. Schmidt.

Belongs within: Aleocharini.

Aleochara is a genus of aleocharine staphylinids characterised by a partially concealed head and five-segmented tarsi with the first segment much longer than the second. They are commonly associated with decaying matter (Olliff 1886).

Characters (from Olliff 1886): Mentum very short, narrowed and slightly emarginate in front. Ligula very short, broad, bifid. Maxillary palpi 5-segmented, the second and third segment subequal, the fifth very small. Labial palpi 4-segmented, the first segment longer than the others, the fourth very small. Mandibles unarmed. Labrum transverse, truncate in front. Head ovate, retracted, not narrowed behind. Antennae short, thickened towards the extremity, 1st, 2nd and 3rd segments elongate, the following, with the exception of the 11th, transverse. Prothorax broadly transverse, narrowed in front, rounded at the sides. Elytra slightly rounded behind. Abdomen either parallel-sided or narrowed behind. Legs rather short; intermediate coxae somewhat remote; tarsi 5:5:5, first segment of posterior pair distinctly longer than 2nd.

Aleochara Gravenhorst 1802O86
|--A. (Aleochara)LC20
| |--A. (A.) canaliculataG20 [=Oxytelus (A.) canaliculatusG20, Staphylinus canaliculatusL02]
| |--A. (A.) collarisLC20
| `--A. (A.) curtula (Goeze 1777)LC20, M04
`--+--A. (Coprochara Mulsant & Rey 1874) [incl. Eucharina Casey 1906 non Agassiz 1860, Funda Blackwelder 1952]NT01
| `--A. (C.) sulcicollisLC20
`--+--A. (Tinotus Sharp 1883)LC20, NT01 [incl. Exaleochara Keys 1907NT01]
| `--A. (T.) morionLC20
`--A. (Xenochara Mulsant & Rey 1874) [incl. Isochara Bernhauer 1901, Polychara Mulsant & Rey 1874]NT01
|--A. (X.) moerensLC20
|--A. (‘Isochara’) perturbans Fenyes 1921F21
`--A. (‘Isochara’) windrediP73

Aleochara incertae sedis:
A. actae Olliff 1886O86
A. algarumRD77
A. analis (Macleay 1871) [=Oxypoda analis]O86
A. asiaticaO86
A. baliola Olliff 1886O86
A. balticaLC20
A. bilineataP91
A. bimaculataNT01
A. bipunctataC01 [=Tachyporus (Lomechusa) bipunctatusG20]
A. bisulcata (Redt. 1867) [=Oxypoda bisulcata]O86
A. brachialis Jekel 1873O86
A. crassiusculaG89
A. croceipennis Motschulsky 1858 [incl. A. maculipennis Kraatz 1859, A. sanguinipennis Kraatz 1859]O86
A. fuscipesO86
A. haemorrhoidalisO86
A. impressaR26
A. insignis Blackb. 1887M96
A. insuavis Olliff 1886O86
A. laeta Blackb. 1887M96
A. lata Gravenhorst 1802M04
A. lustricaNT01
A. marginata Fauvel 1877O86
A. mastersi Macleay 1871O86
A. moestaC01
A. nitidaC01
A. notula Er. 1839FS90
A. occidentalis Blackb. 1887M96
A. pelagi Blackb. 1887M96
A. puberula Klug 1883 [incl. A. armitagei Wollaston 1854, A. decorata Aubé 1850, A. dubia Fauvel 1863]O86
A. punctum Fauvel 1878O86
A. scutellaris Lucas 1846E12
A. semirubra Fauvel 1877O86
A. speculifera Erichson 1842O86
A. subaeneaED04
A. taeniata Er. 1839FS90
A. tristisC01
A. vicina Olliff 1886O86
A. (Aidochara Casey 1906)NT01
A. (Calochara Casey 1906) [incl. Oreochara Casey 1906]NT01
A. (Echochara Casey 1906) [incl. Rheocharella Casey 1906]NT01
A. (Emplenota Casey 1884)NT01
A. (Maseochara Sharp 1883) [incl. Pinalochara Casey 1906]NT01

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[ED04] Ewers, R. M., & R. K. Didham. 2004. A first assessment of New Zealand beetles restricted to large forest areas. Weta 27: 33–40.

[F21] Fenyes, A. 1921. New genera and species of Aleocharinae with a polytomic synopsis of the tribes. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 65 (2): 15–36.

[FS90] Fleutiaux, E., & A. Sallé. 1890. Liste des coléoptères de la Guadeloupe et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 351–484.

[G89] Gestro, R. 1889. Viaggio ab Assab nel Mar Rosso dei signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso “Esploratore” dal 16 Novembre 1879 al 26 Febbraio 1880.—IV. Coleotteri. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 5–72.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LC20] Lü, L., C.-Y. Cai, X. Zhang, A. F. Newton, M. K. Thayer & H.-Z. Zhou. 2020. Linking evolutionary mode to palaeoclimate change reveals rapid radiations of staphylinoid beetles in low-energy conditions. Current Zoology 66 (4): 435–444.

[M04] Maruyama, M. 2004. Redescription of the genus Creochara (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae: Aleocharini) and its systematic position. Canadian Entomologist 136: 621–637.

[M96] Masters, G. 1896. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Supplement, part II. Dytiscidae, Gyrinidae, Hydrophyllidae, Staphylinidae, Pselaphidae, Paussidae, Silphidae, Scaphididae, Histeridae, Phalacridae, Nitidulidae, Trogositidae, Colydiidae, Cucujidae, Cryptophagidae, Lathridiidae, Mycetophagidae, Dermestidae, Byrrhidae, Parnidae, Heteroceridae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (Suppl.): 695–754.

[NT01] Newton, A. F., M. K. Thayer, J. S. Ashe & D. S. Chandler. 2001. Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr & M. C. Thomas (eds) American Beetles vol. 1. Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia pp. 272–418. CRC Press: Boca Raton.

[O86] Olliff, A. S. 1886. A revision of the Staphylinidae of Australia. Part I. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 403–473, pl. 7.

[P91] Petrushov, A. Z. 1991. Selection and mechanisms of ambush resistance in Metaseiulus occidentalis N. (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 741–748. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[P73] Pont, A. C. 1973. Studies on Australian Muscidae (Diptera). IV. A revision of the subfamilies Muscinae and Stomoxyinae. Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series 21: 129–296.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

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