Aleocharinae

Myllaena intermedia, copyright Udo Schmidt.

Belongs within: Staphylinidae.
Contains: Termitonannini, Termitopaediini, Termitodiscini, Termitusina, Termitohospitina, Trichopseniini, Corotocini, Hypocyphtini, Aleocharini, Bolitocharini, Gyrophaenina, Homalota, Leptusina, Liparocephalini, Oxypodini, Falagriini, Geostibini, Doryloxenus, Lomechusini, Athetini.

The Aleocharinae are a diverse group of staphylinid beetles in which the antennae are usually inserted in the vertex between the eyes (Newton et al. 2001).

Characters (from Newton et al. 2001): Antennae usually inserted into vertex between eyes, with eleven (occasionally ten) antennomeres; procoxal fissure open, trochantin exposed; posterior coxae expanded laterally under femur; abdomen with six visible sterna, usually two pairs of paratergites per segment (occasionally absent); aedeagus with large, usually multiarticulated parameres; defensive glands often present on tergite VII of adults and tergum VIII of larvae.

<==Aleocharinae [Aleocharides, Ditetramera, Holopentamera, Hypocyphtinae, Monotetramera]
|--+--MesoporiniLC20
| | |--Anacyptus Horn 1877 [incl. Microcyptus Horn 1883]NT01
| | | `--*A. testaceus (LeConte 1863)S57, NT01 [=Hypocyptus testaceusS57, Microcyptus testaceusS57]
| | `--Paraconosoma naviculareLC20
| `--Gymnusini [Gymnusina]LC20
| |--Gymnusa Gravenhorst 1806NT01
| | `--G. variegataNT01
| `--Stylogymnusa antarcticaMF15
`--+--DeinopsiniLC20
| |--Adinopsis Cameron 1919 [Adinopsini, Holodimera]NT01
| `--Deinopsis Matthews 1838 [=Dinopsis Agassiz 1846; Holotrimera]NT01
| |--D. americanaNT01
| |--D. australis Fauvel 1878O86a
| |--D. erosaO86a
| `--D. illinoisensisNT01
`--+--HolotetrameraF21
| |--NematosceliniF21
| |--Leptanillophilus [Leptanillophilini]F21
| |--CorotociniF21
| |--PachyglossiniF21
| |--Hygronoma [Hygronomini]F21
| |--Heterotaxus [Heterotaxini]F21
| |--Ecitogaster [Ecitogastrini]F21
| `--HypocyphtiniLC20
`--+--+--+--Silusa Erichson 1837LC20, NT01 [incl. Stenusa Kraatz 1856NT01; Silusina]
| | | |--S. melanogastra Fauvel 1878O86a
| | | |--S. opacaLC20
| | | |--S. pallens Fauvel 1878O86a
| | | `--S. rubraNT01
| | `--Dexiogyia Thomson 1858LC20, NT01
| | `--D. corticinaLC20
| `--+--Thiasophila Kraatz 1856LC20, NT01 (see below for synonymy)
| | `--T. angulataLC20
| `--DinardinaNT01
| |--DinardaLC20
| | |--D. hagensiiLC20
| | `--D. maerkeliiLC20
| |--Euthorax Solier 1849 [incl. Eurynotida Casey 1906, Myrmecochara Kraatz 1857]NT01
| |--Homoeusa Kraatz 1856NT01
| |--Decusa Casey 1900 [Decusini]NT01
| | `--D. expansa (LeConte 1866)NT01
| `--Losiusa Seevers 1978NT01
| `--L. angusticollis Seevers 1978NT01
`--+--+--TaxiceriniLC20
| | |--TaxiceraLC20
| | | |--T. perfoliataLC20
| | | `--T. truncataLC20
| | `--Halobrecta Thomson 1858LC20, NT01
| | |--H. algophila (Fenyes 1909)NT01
| | `--H. halensisLC20
| `--AleochariniLC20
`--+--+--+--Autalia Leach 1819NT01 [AutaliiniLC20]
| | | |--A. longicornisLC20
| | | |--A. puncticollisNT01
| | | `--A. rivularisNT01
| | `--+--BolitochariniLC20
| | `--HomalotiniLC20
| | | i. s.: Coenonica Kraatz 1857NT01
| | | `--C. puncticollis Kraatz 1857NT01
| | | Cyphea Fauvel 1863NT01
| | | |--*C. curtulaF21
| | | `--C. wallisi Fenyes 1921F21
| | | Diestota Mulsant & Rey 1870 (see below for synonymy)NT01
| | | `--D. rufipennisNT01
| | |--GyrophaeninaLC20
| | `--+--Himalusa [Himalusini]LC20
| | | `--H. thailandensisLC20
| | `--HomalotinaNT01
| | |--HomalotaLC20
| | |--Anomognathus Solier 1849 [incl. Thectura Thomson 1859, Theetura Thomson 1858]NT01
| | | `--A. americanus (Casey 1893)NT01
| | |--Cephaloxynum Bernhauer 1907NT01
| | | `--C. capito (LeConte 1880) [=Hypotelus capito]NT01
| | `--Thecturota Casey 1893 [incl. Hemithecta Casey 1911, Oligurota Casey 1893]NT01
| | |--T. histrioNT01
| | `--T. subtilior [=Atheta (Hydrosmectina) subtilior]F21
| `--+--LeptusinaLC20
| `--LiparocephaliniLC20
`--+--OxypodiniLC20
`--+--PronomaeiniLC20
| |--Pronomaea korgeiLC20
| `--NopromaeaLC20
`--+--‘Leptusa’ opacaLC20
`--+--FalagriineaNT01
| |--FalagriiniLC20
| `--SceptobiiniNT01
| |--Sceptobius Sharp 1883 [incl. Apteronina Wasmann 1901, Symbiochara Fenyes 1909]NT01
| | `--S. schmidtiNT01
| `--Dinardilla Wasmann 1901 [=Dinardella (l. c.)]NT01
| `--D. liometopiNT01
`--+--MyllaeniniLC20
| |--Bryothinusa Casey 1904NT01
| | |--B. catalinaeNT01
| | `--B. papuensisNT01
| `--Myllaena Erichson 1837 [incl. Centroglossa Matthews 1838]O86a
| |--M. audaxLC20
| |--M. gracilicornisNT01
| |--M. infuscataNT01
| |--M. intermedia Erichson 1837O86a
| `--M. oviedensis Pace 2004F05
`--+--+--GeostibiniLC20
| `--+--Pygostenini [Pygosteninae]LC20
| | |--DoryloxenusS57
| | `--TyphloponemysLC20
| `--LomechusiniLC20
`--AthetiniLC20

Aleocharinae incertae sedis:
Baltioligota Paśnik 2005P05
`--*B. electrica Paśnik 2005P05
Chledophila annularis Cameron 1920S57
Demerinda termitophila Cameron 1927S57
Fenyesia nigra Cameron 1920S57
Philotermimus setiger Reichensperger 1915S57
Philastilbus opulentus Bernhauer 1929S57
PorusS57
|--P. ferrugineus Kraatz 1857S57
`--P. ochraceus Westwood in Royle 1839S57
Rhopalinda termitophila Cameron 1927S57
TermitolaraS57
|--T. opacella Bernhauer 1927S57
`--T. reichenspergeri Bernhauer 1927S57
Urolitus nigeriensis Silvestri 1947S57
Callopsenius Wasmann 1903 [=Eupsenius Wasmann 1902 non LeConte 1850]S57
`--*C. clavicornis (Wasmann 1902) [=*Eupsenius clavicornis]S57
Australoptochus phoreticusLB91, WG91
AustrointhusLB91
MicroceroxenusLB91
NasutiphilusLB91
PhilobrunneusLB91
Diglotta Champion 1887 [incl. Diglossa Haliday 18376 non Wagler 1832; Diglottini]NT01
|--D. mersaNT01
`--D. pacifica Fenyes 1921F21
Periergopus Fenyes 1921F21
`--*P. sculptus Fenyes 1921F21
Anocalea Fenyes 1921F21
`--*A. thaxteri Fenyes 1921F21
Pseudoplandria Fenyes 1921F21
`--*P. laeta Fenyes 1921F21
TermitonanniniS57
TermitopaediiniS57
TermitodisciniS57
Pseudoperinthus Wasmann 1916 [Pseudoperinthinae, Pseudoperinthini]S57
|--*P. malayanus Wasmann 1916S57
`--P. fletcheri Cameron 1939S57
DrepanoxenusWG91 [DrepanoxeniniLB91]
|--D. ardeaLB91
|--D. hirsutusWP81
|--D. intermediusWP81
|--D. physogastraWP81
|--D. reginaWP81
`--D. ruberWP81
PhilotermitiniS57
|--Neophilotermes Seevers 1957S57
| `--*N. laxicornis (Sharp 1883) [=Philotermes laxicornis]S57
`--Philotermes Kraatz 1857S57
|--*P. pilosus Kraatz 1857S57
|--P. cubitopilis Seevers 1957S57
|--P. emersoni Seevers 1938S57
|--P. fuchsii Kraatz 1857S57
|--P. pensylvanicus Kraatz 1857S57
`--P. werneri Seevers 1957S57
TermitohospitiniS57
|--TermitusinaS57
|--TermitohospitinaS57
`--TermitospectrinaS57
|--Termitospectrum Mann 1926S57
| `--*T. thoracicum Mann 1926S57
`--+--Termitana Fairmaire 1899S57
| `--*T. perrieri Fairmaire 1899S57
`--Termitoecia Bernhauer 1921S57
|--*T. fabulosa Bernhauer 1921S57
`--T. wilsoni Cameron 1943S57
DabrosomaB70
TermitaptocinusB70
TrichopseniiniNT01
CrematoxeniniNT01
|--Beyeria Fenyes 1910NT01
| `--B. sauvisNT01
|--Neobeyeria Jacobson et al. 1987NT01
| `--N. arizonensis Jacobson et al. 1987NT01
|--Probeyeria Seevers 1965NT01
| `--P. pulex (Sanderson 1943)NT01
`--Pulicomorpha Mann 1924NT01
Barronica scorpio Blackb. 1895M96
MesodeinopsisLC20
Neoisoglossa agnitaLC20
HolomonomeraF21
|--Sympolemon [Sympolemonini]F21
`--Dorylogaster [Dorylogastrini]F21
Nanoglossa [Nanoglossini]F21
Dorylophilus [Dorylophilini]F21
Leucocraspedum Kraatz 1859O86b [incl. Euryglossa Motschulsky 1859 non Smith 1853O86b; LeucocraspediniF21]
`--L. sidneense Fauvel 1877O86b
Oxypodinus [Oxypodinini]F21

Diestota Mulsant & Rey 1870 [incl. Amenusa Casey 1906, Apheloglossa Casey 1893, Elachistarthron Notman 1920, Orthodiatelus Notman 1920, Pectusa Casey 1911; Diestotina]NT01

Thiasophila Kraatz 1856LC20, NT01 [=Thyasophila Fairmaire & Laboulbène 1856NT01; incl. Myrmecodelus Motschulsky 1857NT01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B70] Britton, E. B. 1970. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 495–621. Melbourne University Press.

[F21] Fenyes, A. 1921. New genera and species of Aleocharinae with a polytomic synopsis of the tribes. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 65 (2): 15–36.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[LC20] Lü, L., C.-Y. Cai, X. Zhang, A. F. Newton, M. K. Thayer & H.-Z. Zhou. 2020. Linking evolutionary mode to palaeoclimate change reveals rapid radiations of staphylinoid beetles in low-energy conditions. Current Zoology 66 (4): 435–444.

[M96] Masters, G. 1896. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Supplement, part II. Dytiscidae, Gyrinidae, Hydrophyllidae, Staphylinidae, Pselaphidae, Paussidae, Silphidae, Scaphididae, Histeridae, Phalacridae, Nitidulidae, Trogositidae, Colydiidae, Cucujidae, Cryptophagidae, Lathridiidae, Mycetophagidae, Dermestidae, Byrrhidae, Parnidae, Heteroceridae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (Suppl.): 695–754.

[MF15] McKenna, D. D., B. D. Farrell, M. S. Caterino, C. W. Farnum, D. C. Hawks, D. R. Maddison, A. E. Seago, A. E. Z. Short, A. F. Newton & M. K. Thayer. 2015. Phylogeny and evolution of Staphyliniformia and Scarabaeiformia: forest litter as a stepping stone for diversification of nonphytophagous beetles. Systematic Entomology 40: 35–60.

[NT01] Newton, A. F., M. K. Thayer, J. S. Ashe & D. S. Chandler. 2001. Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr & M. C. Thomas (eds) American Beetles vol. 1. Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia pp. 272–418. CRC Press: Boca Raton.

[O86a] Olliff, A. S. 1886a. A revision of the Staphylinidae of Australia. Part I. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 403–473, pl. 7.

[O86b] Olliff, A. S. 1886b. A revision of the Staphylinidae of Australia. Part II. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (3): 887–906.

[P05] Paśnik, J. 2005. Fossils of Staphylinidae from Baltic amber: a new genus and three new species (Insecta, Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (1): 97–100.

[S57] Seevers, C. H. 1957. A monograph on the termitophilous Staphylinidae (Coleoptera). Fieldiana Zoology 40: 1–334.

[WG91] Watson, J. A. L., & F. J. Gay. 1991. Isoptera (termites). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 330–347. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[WP81] Watson, J. A. L. & D. H. Perry. 1981. The Australian harvester termites of the genus Drepanotermes (Isoptera: Termitinae). Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series 78: 1–153.

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