Allosauroidea

Skeletal mount of Allosaurus fragilis, from here.

Belongs within: Tetanurae.

The Allosauroidea are a clade of large theropods known from the Late Jurassic and Cretaceous (Ortega et al. 2010). The best known species is Allosaurus fragilis, of which numerous remains have been recovered from the late Jurassic Morrison Formation of the United States; average members of this species reached about 8.5 metres in length.

Allosauroidea
| i. s.: Piveteausaurus Taquet & Welles 1977APS03, HMC04
| `--P. divesensis (Walker 1964)HMC04 [=Eustreptospondylus divesensisHMC04, Proceratosaurus divesensisP88]
| Erectopus Huene 1921APS03, HMC04
| |--E. sauvagei Huene 1932HMC04
| `--E. superbus (Sauvage 1882) [=Megalosaurus superbus]HMC04
|--SinraptoridaeOES10
| | i. s.: Yangchuanosaurus Dong, Chang et al. 1978HMC04
| | |--Y. longqiaoensisD07
| | |--Y. magnus Dong, Zhou & Zhang 1983HMC04
| | |--Y. shangyouensis Dong, Chang et al. 1978HMC04 [=Metriacanthosaurus shangyouensisP88]
| | `--Y. yandonensisD07
| | Szechuanosaurus Young 1942M98, D07
| | |--S. campi Young 1942HMC04
| | |--S. yandonensis Dong, Chang et al. 1978HMC04
| | `--S. zigongensis Gao 1993HMC04
| |--Lourinhanosaurus Mateus 1998OES10, HMC04
| | `--*L. antunesi Mateus 1998M98 [=Allosaurus antunesiP10]
| `--+--Metriacanthosaurus Walker 1964OES10, HMC04 [Metriacanthosaurinae]
| | `--M. parkeri (Huene 1923) [=Megalosaurus parkeri]HMC04
| `--Sinraptor Currie & Zhao 1993OES10, HMC04
| |--S. dongi Currie & Zhao 1993HMC04 [=S. heping (l. c.)HMC04, Yangchuanosaurus dongiP10]
| `--S. hepingensis (Gao 1992) [=Yangchuanosaurus hepingensis]HMC04
`--+--AllosauridaeHMC04
| |--Saurophaganax Chure 1996 [incl. Saurophagus Ray 1941]HMC04
| | `--S. maximus (Ray 1941)HMC04 [=Saurophagus maximusHMC04, Allosaurus maximusD07]
| `--Allosaurus Marsh 1877OES10, HMC04 (see below for synonymy)
| |--A. europaeusP10
| |--A. fragilis Marsh 1877HMC04 (see below for synonymy)
| |--A. medius Marsh 1888 (n. d.)HMC04
| |--‘Creosaurus’ potens Lull 1911 (n. d.)HMC04
| |--A. tendagurensis Janensch 1925HMC04
| `--A. whiteiD07
`--CarcharodontosauriaOES10
|--NeovenatoridaeOES10
| | i. s.: Siamotyrannus Buffetaut, Suteethorn & Ton 1996HMC04
| | `--S. isanensis Buffetaut, Suteethorn & Tong 1996HMC04
| | Chilantaisaurus Hu 1964P10, HMC04
| | |--C. sibiricus (Riabinin 1914) [=Allosaurus sibiricus]HMC04
| | `--C. tashuikouensis Hu 1964HMC04
| | Orkoraptor burkeiP10
| |--Neovenator Hutt, Martill & Barker 1996OES10, HMC04
| | `--N. salierii Hutt, Martill & Barker 1996HMC04
| `--+--+--Aerosteon riocolloradensisOES10, P10
| | `--Megaraptor Novas 1998OES10, NM04
| | `--M. namunhuaiquii Novas 1998NM04
| `--+--Australovenator wintonensisOES10, P10
| `--Fukuiraptor Azuma & Currie 2000OES10, HMC04 [incl. KatsuyamasaurusD07, KitadanisaurusD07]
| `--F. kitadaniensis Azuma & Currie 2000HMC04
`--CarcharodontosauridaeOES10
| i. s.: Bahariasaurus Stromer 1934F12, HMC04
| `--B. ingens Stromer 1934HMC04
|--Eocarcharia dinopsOES10, F12
`--+--Concavenator Ortega, Escaso & Sanz 2010OES10
| `--*C. corcovatus Ortega, Escaso & Sanz 2010OES10
`--+--Acrocanthosaurus Stovall & Langston 1950OES10, HMC04
| `--A. atokensis Stovall & Langston 1950HMC04
`--+--Shaochilong maortuensisOES10, P10
`--+--Tyrannotitan chubutensisOES10, F12
`--+--Carcharodontosaurus Stromer 1931OES10, HMC04
| |--C. iguidensisP10
| `--C. saharicus (Depéret & Savornin 1927) (see below for synonymy)HMC04
`--+--Mapusaurus roseaeOES10, F12
`--Giganotosaurus Coria & Salgado 1995XW12, HMC04
`--G. carolinii Coria & Salgado 1995HMC04 [=Carcharodontosaurus caroliniiP10]

Allosaurus Marsh 1877OES10, HMC04 [incl. Antrodemus Leidy 1870HMC04, ApatodonN85, Creosaurus Marsh 1878HMC04, EmpateriasN85, Epanterias Cope 1878HMC04, EpantheriasN85, Labrosaurus Marsh 1879HMC04; Labrosauridae]

Allosaurus fragilis Marsh 1877HMC04 [=Antrodemus fragilisP88, Labrosaurus fragilisM96; incl. Epanterias amplexus Cope 1878HMC04, Allosaurus amplexusP88, Creosaurus atrox Marsh 1878HMC04, Al. atroxHMC04, Creosaurus atroxM96, Hypsirhophus discurus Cope 1878HMC04, Al. ferox Marsh 1896HMC04, Labrosaurus feroxHMC04, Al. lucaris Marsh 1878HMC04, Laelaps trihedrodon Cope 1877HMC04, Al. trihedrodonD07, Poicilopleuron valens Leidy 1870HMC04, Antrodemus valensN85]

Carcharodontosaurus saharicus (Depéret & Savornin 1927) [=Megalosaurus saharicus; incl. M. africanus Huene 1956]HMC04

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[APS03] Allain, R., & X. Pereda Suberbiola. 2003. Dinosaurs of France. Comptes Rendus Palevol 2 (1): 27–44.

[D07] Dixon, D. 2007. The Complete Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs & Prehistoric Creatures. Hermes House: London.

[F12] Fanti, F. 2012. Cretaceous continental bridges, insularity, and vicariance in the Southern Hemisphere: which route did the dinosaurs take? In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 883–911. Springer.

[HMC04] Holtz, T. R., Jr, R. E. Molnar & P. J. Currie. 2004. Basal Tetanurae. In: Weishampel, D. B., P. Dodson & H. Osmólska (eds) The Dinosauria 2nd ed. pp. 71–110. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[M96] Marsh, O. C. 1896. The Dinosaurs of North America: Washington.

[M98] Mateus, O. 1998. Lourinhanosaurus antunesi, a new Upper Jurassic allosauroid (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from Lourinhã, Portugal. Memórias da Academia de Ciências de Lisboa 37: 111–124.

[NM04] Norell, M. A., & P. J. Makovicky. 2004. Dromaeosauridae. In: Weishampel, D. B., P. Dodson & H. Osmólska (eds) The Dinosauria 2nd ed. pp. 196–209. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[N85] Norman, D. 1985. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Salamander Books: London.

[OES10] Ortega, F., F. Escaso & J. L. Sanz. 2010. A bizarre, humped Carcharodontosauria (Theropoda) from the Lower Cretaceous of Spain. Nature 467: 203–206.

[P88] Paul, G. S. 1988. Predatory Dinosaurs of the World: A Complete Illustrated Guide. Simon & Schuster: New York.

[P10] Paul, G. S. 2010. Dinosaurs: A Field Guide. A & C Black.

[XW12] Xu, X., K. Wang, K. Zhang, Q. Ma, L. Xing, C. Sullivan, D. Hu, S. Cheng & S. Wang. 2012. A gigantic feathered dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of China. Nature 484: 92–95.

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