Alucitoidea

Alucita xanthodes, copyright Alison Pearson.

Belongs within: Obtectomera.

The Alucitoidea are a group of moths in which the wings are often deeply divided. Species of Alucita have the fore wing divided into six plumes and hind wing into six or seven plumes, whereas Tineodidae have both fore and hind wings entire or divided into two (Nielsen & Common 1991).

Characters (from Nielsen & Common 1991): Small, head smooth scaled, ocelli present or absent; chaetosemata absent; scape without pecten; proboscis unsealed; epiphysis present; spurs 0-2-4 or 0-0-2; wings often divided into plumes, CuP absent in fore wing; tympanal organs absent; S2 with V-shaped sclerotisation, T3–6 and sometimes T2–7 with anterior, transverse, sclerotised band set with spines. Larva densely spinulose, without secondary setae, L group on prothorax bisetose on one pinaculum, ventral prolegs with uniordinal crochets. Pupa without dorsal abdominal spines, in cocoon, not protruded at ecdysis.

<==AlucitoideaNC91
    |--Tineodidae [Oxychirotidae]NC91
    |    |--Tineodes adactylalisNC91
    |    |--Tanycnema anomalaNC91
    |    |--Cenoloba obliteralisNC91 [=Pterophorus obliteralisM90]
    |    |--Oxychirota paradoxaNC91
    |    |--Palaeodes samealisNC91
    |    |--EuthraustaNC91
    |    |    |--E. holophaeaC70
    |    |    `--E. oxyproraNC91
    |    `--EpharpastisM90
    `--Alucita [Alucitidae]GE05
         |--A. caudellaR26
         |--A. cereella Bosc 1800B00
         |--A. desmodactylaKP19
         |--A. granellaR26 [=Tinea granellaL02]
         |--A. monospilalisP27
         |--A. phricodesNC91
         |--A. pygmaea Meyrick 1890M90
         |--A. vittataG20
         |--A. vitellaL02
         |--A. xanthodes Meyrick 1890M90
         `--A. xylostellaL02

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B00] Bosc, C. 1800. Description de trois espèces de lepidoptères de la Caroline. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societé Philomathique de Paris 2 (39): 114–115.

[C70] Common, I. F. B. 1970. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 765–866. Melbourne University Press.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[KP19] Kawahara, A. Y., D. Plotkin, M. Espeland, K. Meusemann, E. F. A. Toussaint, A. Donath, F. Gimnich, P. B. Frandsen, A. Zwick, M. dos Reis, J. R. Barber, R. S. Peters, S. Liu, X. Zhou, C. Mayer, L. Podsiadlowski, C. Storer, J. E. Yack, B. Misof & J. W. Breinholt. 2019. Phylogenomics reveals the evolutionary timing and pattern of butterflies and moths. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 116 (45): 22657–22663.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[M90] Meyrick, E. 1890. Descriptions of additional Australian Pyralidina. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 4 (4): 1105–1116.

[NC91] Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 817–915. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[P27] Philpott, A. 1927. The maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 721–746.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

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