Ammatomus

Ammatomus coarctatus, copyright Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns.
Belongs within: Bembicidae.

Ammatomus is a genus of Old World wasps whose biology is poorly known though at least one species may prey on leafhoppers of the family Fulgoridae (Bohart & Menke 1976).

Characters (from Bohart & Menke 1976): Medium-sized wasps: eyes large, inner margins converging strongly below; mandible with an inner subtooth; labrum usually visible; antennae of sexes similar in shape, club-like, last four articles in male not specially modified; median line on frons distinctly impressed; pronotal collar thin and closely appressed to scutum; female foretarsal rake weak, with more than two setae in basitarsal comb before apex; female foreleg arolium larger than other arolia: female forefemur often sharply carinate beneath; posterolateral oblique scutal carina present but faint or merely an angle in the margin; prescutellar sulcus simple; episternal-scrobal sulcus usually evanescent but curving around hypoepimeron when well impressed; omaulus, sternaulus and acetabular carina absent; metapleuron greatly narrowed below; forewing with media diverging before cu-a, stigma small, veinlet of submarginal cell II between recurrents short; jugal lobe larger than tegula, hindwing media diverging well before cu-a; midtibia with two apical spurs; hindtarsus nearly twice as long as midtarsus; propodeal enclosure convex, largely dorsal; no spiracular groove; abdomen not pedunculate or somewhat so; male with seven terga normally visible; sterna without fimbriae, sternum VIII sword-shaped with a small apical emargination; male genitalia with digitus of volsella undifferentiated; female pygidial plate densely setose.

<==Ammatomus Costa 1859 C85
|–*A. coarctatus (Spinola 1808) C85 (see below for synonymy)
|–A. africanus Turner 1912 BM76
|–A. alipes (Bungham 1897) [=Gorytes alipes] BM76
|–A. asiaticus (Radoszkowski 1886) [=Lestiphorus asiaticus] BM76
|–A. austrinus (Bingham 1912) [=Gorytes austrinus] C85
|–A. biguttatus Arnold 1945 BM76
|–A. crassicornis (Mantero 1917) [=Gorytes crassicornis] BM76
|–A. decoratus (Handlirsch 1889) C85 (see below for synonymy)
|–A. elongatulus Turner 1920 BM76
|–A. fallax Arnold 1945 BM76
|–A. fuscipes (Arnold 1929) [=Arpactus fuscipes] BM76
|–A. gemellus (Arnold 1929) [=Arpactus gemellus] BM76
|–A. icarioides (Turner 1908) [=Gorytes icarioides] C85
|–A. lenis (Nurse 1903) [=Gorytes lenis] BM76
|–A. madecassus (Schulthess 1918) [=Gorytes madecassus] BM76
|–A. mesostenus (Handlirsch 1888) [=Gorytes mesostenus] BM76
|    |–A. m. mesostenus BM76
|    |–A. m. nikolajevskii (Gussakovskij 1928) [=Gorytes nikolajevskii] BM76
|    `–A. m. rhopalocerus (Handlirsch 1895) [=Gorytes rhopalocerus] BM76
|–A. pictipes (Arnold 1929) [=Arpactus pictipes] BM76
|–A. pretoriensis (Arnold 1936) [=Arpactus pretoriensis] BM76
|–A. rogenhoferi (Handlirsch 1888) [=Gorytes rogenhoferi] BM76
|–A. rubicundus Arnold 1945 BM76
|–A. rufonodis (Radoszkowski 1877) [=Hoplisus rufonodis] BM76
|    |–A. r. rufonodis BM76
|    `–A. r. saharae (Handlirsch 1895) [=Gorytes saharae] BM76
|–A. seyrigi Arnold 1945 BM76
|–A. sinensis (Yasumatsu 1943) [=Gorytes sinensis] BM76
|–A. spiniferus (du Buysson 1897) [=Gorytes spiniferus] BM76
|    |–A. s. spiniferus BM76
|    `–A. s. latus Arnold 1951 BM76
|–A. stevensoni (Arnold 1929) [=Arpactus stevensoni] BM76
|–A. tanoi Tsuneki 1974 BM76
|–A. thaianus Tsuneki 1963 BM76
`–A. yoshikawai Tsuneki 1963 BM76

*Ammatomus coarctatus (Spinola 1808) C85 [=Gorytes coarctatus C85; incl. G. handlirschii Morawitz 1890 BM76, G. mavromoustakisi Balthasar 1954 BM76]

Ammatomus decoratus (Handlirsch 1889) C85 [=Gorytes decoratus C85; incl. G. ornatus Smith 1868 non Smith 1856 C85, Ammatomus ornatus BM76]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[C85] Cardale, J. C. 1985. Vespoidea and Sphecoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 150–303. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

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