Fireworm Chloeia sp., copyright Francesco de Marchi.

Belongs within: Annelida.

The Amphinomida are a group of mobile polychaete worms characterised by the presence of well-developed gills behind the notopodia.

<==Amphinomida [Amphinomorpha]RP07
    |--EuphrosyneH56 [EuphrosinidaeRP07]
    |    |--E. branchiata Treadwell 1939H56
    |    `--E. longisetis Treadwell 1939H56
         |  i. s.: Amphinome Bruguière 1789H62
         |           |--*A. rostrata (Pallas 1766) [=Aphrodita rostrata]H62
         |           `--A. flavaG20
         |         Meringosoma Ehlers 1869H62
         |           `--*M. curtum Ehlers 1869H62
         |         Paleocampa anthraxPTV14
         |         Raphidiophorus hystix Thompson 1979W93
         |         Benthoscolex microcarunculata (Treadwell 1901) [incl. Amphinome microcarunculata Treadwell 1901]H56
         |         PseudeurythoeH56
         |           |--P. ambiguusH56
         |           |--P. minutaPG98
         |           |--P. oculata (Treadwell 1941) [=Eurythoe oculata]H56
         |           `--P. oculifera (Augener 1913)HG14
         |         Pherecardia striata (Kinberg 1857) [incl. Hermodice pennata Treadwell 1906]H56
         |           |--P. s. striataH56
         |           `--‘Hermodice pennata’ tutuilensis Treadwell 1926H56
         |         Pareurythoe elongata (Treadwell 1931) [=Hipponoe elongata]H56
         |--HipponoeRP07 [incl. Metamphinome Treadwell 1940H56]
         |    |--H. gaudichaudi (Audouin & Milne-Edwards 1830)RP07
         |    `--H. multibranchiata (Treadwell 1940) [=Metamphinome multibranchiata]H56
         `--+--Paramphinome jeffreysii (Mcintosh 1868)SS07
            `--+--Eurythoe complanata (Pallas 1766)SS07
               |--Hermodice carunculata (Pallas 1766)RP07
                    |--C. euglochisH04
                    |--C. flava (Pallas 1766)HG14
                    |--C. inermisPG98
                    `--C. pinnata Moore 1911SS07

*Type species of generic name indicated


[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[H56] Hartman, O. 1956. Polychaetous annelids erected by Treadwell, 1891 to 1948, together with a brief chronology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 109 (2): 239–310.

[H62] Howell, B. F. 1962. Worms. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt W. Miscellanea: Conodonts, Conoidal Shells of Uncertain Affinities, Worms, Trace Fossils and Problematica pp. W144–W177. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[HG14] Hutchings, P., C. Glasby, M. Capa & A. Sampey. 2014. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: polychaetes (Annelida). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 133–159.

[PTV14] Parry, L., A. Tanner & J. Vinther. 2014. The origin of annelids. Palaeontology 57 (6): 1091–1103.

[PG98] Probert, P. K., & S. L. Grove. 1998. Macrobenthic assemblages of the continental shelf and upper slope off the west coast of South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 28: 259–280.

[RP07] Rousset, V., F. Pleijel, G. W. Rouse, C. Erséus & M. E. Siddall. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of annelids. Cladistics 23: 41–63.

[SS07] Struck, T. H., N. Schutt, T. Kusen, E. Hickman, C. Bleidorn, D. McHugh & K. M. Halanych. 2007. Annelid phylogeny and the status of Sipuncula and Echiura. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 57.

[W93] Wills, M. A. 1993. Annelida. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 271–278. Chapman & Hall: London.

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