Anaphothrips

Anaphothrips sudanensis, from here.

Belongs within: Thripidae.

Anaphothrips is a cosmopolitan genus of thrips associated with plant leaves, with recorded hosts including Poales, Asparagales, Lamiales, Asteraceae and Chenopodiaceae (Mound & Masumoto 2009).

Characters (from Mound & Masumoto 2009): Apterous, micropterous or macropterous; antennae 8- or 9-segmented, sensorium on III forked (simple in some species), on IV forked; III–VI usually with microtrichia present, often annulate; segment I without dorso-apical setae. Head often slightly projecting in front of eyes; 3 pairs of ocellar setae present; 3 or 4 pairs of postocular setae; eyes large, with or without 6 pigmented facets; maxillary palps 3-segmented, mouth cone relatively long, often slender and pointed at apex. Pronotum with no long setae (one species with posteromarginal S2 longer than remaining setae); ferna usually entire; basantra without setae. Mesonotal campaniform sensilla usually present but often small and inconspicuous. Metascutum with reticulate sculpture. Metapre-episternum usually weakly developed. Mesothoracic sternopleural sutures complete, furca with spinula; metathoracic furca without spinula. Tarsi 2-segmented. Fore wing with setae short, first vein with setal row irregularly spaced, second vein with many setae irregularly spaced; marginal cilia wavy; clavus with 4–9 marginal but no discal setae. Abdominal tergites and sternites without posteromarginal craspeda; tergites without lateral ctenidia, with median setae rarely close together, campaniform sensilla far from posterior margin; VI–VII usually with setae S3 reduced and much smaller than S4; setae on posterior tergites not elongate; tergite IX with two pairs of campaniform sensilla, mid-dorsal setae short and arising laterally; tergite X with dorsal split in distal half; sternites without discal setae; sternites III–VII with 3 pairs of marginal setae, median pair on VII ahead of posterior margin. Males (where known) with pore plates on sternite III or III–VII behind antecostal line, often large and C-shaped, but sometimes small, not C-shaped, or absent; tergite IX with or without dorsal paired thorn-like setae.

<==Anaphothrips Uzel 1895 [incl. Nakaharathrips Retana-Salazar 2007, Neophysopus Schmutz 1913]MM09
    |--A. cecili Girault 1928BMW13, MM09 [incl. Hemianaphothrips (Anaphothrips) concinnus Morison 1931MM09]
    `--+--A. incertus (Girault 1929)BMW13, MM09 [=Limothrips incertusMM09]
       `--A. sudanensis Trybom 1911BMW13, MM96 (see below for synonymy)
Anaphothrips incertae sedis:
  *A. obscurus (Müller 1776)MM09 (see below for synonymy)
  A. ambiguus (Girault 1927) [=Neophysopus ambiguus]MM09
  A. aptilotus Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. astrolomi Pitkin 1978MM09
  A. atriplicis Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. augustae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  ‘Neophysopus’ aureolus Girault 1928G28
  A. barringtoni Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. barrowi Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. callani Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. carlylei Girault 1928MM09
  A. chortinus Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. cobari Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. cucurbiti Pitkin 1978MM09
  A. dalbyi Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. desleyae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. dubius (Girault 1926)MM09 (see below for synonymy)
  A. epacrida Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. eremophilae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. euphorbiaeA78
  A. euryaeA78
  A. exocarpi Pitkin 1978MM09
  A. exocarpoides Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  ‘Neophysopus’ fragariae Girault 1927G27
  A. geijerae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. geleznowiae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. gillespiei Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. glenysae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. innoxiusA78
  A. involvensA78
  ‘Neophysopus’ io Girault 1927G27
  A. keatsi (Girault 1926) [=Heterothrips keatsi]MM09
  A. leeuweniA78
  A. marginemtorquensA78
  A. monga Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. moundi Pitkin 1978MM09
  A. newmani Moulton in Moulton & Newman 1935MM09
  A. nimbus Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. occidentalis Pitkin 1978MM09
  A. orchidiiC38
  A. orchis Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. parsonsiae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. pulteneae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. secticornisPL12
  A. silvarumA78
  A. swezeyi Moulton 1928MM09
  A. valida Karny 1910K10
  A. varii Moulton in Moulton & Newman 1935MM09
  A. walchae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. westringiae Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. whyalla Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09
  A. woodi Pitkin 1978MM09
  A. yalgooi Mound & Masumoto 2009MM09

Anaphothrips dubius (Girault 1926)MM09 [=Heterothrips dubiusMM09; incl. A. cinctiguttatus Girault 1927MM09, A. regalis Girault 1928MM09, Physothrips regalisGM79, Hemianaphothrips (Anaphothrips) tersus Morison 1930MM09]

*Anaphothrips obscurus (Müller 1776)MM09 [=Thrips obscuraMM09; incl. A. sexguttus Girault 1928MM09, A. striatus (Osborn 1883)MM09, GM79, A. virgoMM96]

Anaphothrips sudanensis Trybom 1911BMW13, MM96 [=*Nakaharathrips sudanensisMM09; incl. A. bicinctusMM96, A. bicolorMM96, *Neophysopus medioflavusMM09]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A78] Ananthakrishnan, T. N. 1978. Thrips galls and gall thrips. Zoological Survey of India, Technical Monograph 1: 1–69, 26 pls.

[BMW13] Buckman, R. S., L. A. Mound & M. F. Whiting. 2013. Phylogeny of thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) based on five molecular loci. Systematic Entomology 38: 123–133.

[C38] Crawford, J. C. 1938. Some new or little known Thysanoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 40 (2): 35–43.

[G27] Girault, A. A. 1927. Some new wild animals. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 208–210).

[G28] Girault, A. A. 1928. Some Insecta and a new All Highness. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 225–228).

[GM79] Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 1–400.

[K10] Karny, H. 1910. Neue Thysanopteren die Wiener Gegend. Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines an der Universität Wiens 8 (2): 41–57.

[MM96] Mound, L. A., & R. Marullo. 1996. The thrips of Central and South America: an introduction (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Memoirs on Entomology, International 6: 1–487.

[MM09] Mound, L. A., & M. Masumoto. 2009. Australian Thripinae of the Anaphothrips genus-group (Thysanoptera), with three new genera and thirty-three new species. Zootaxa 2042: 1–76.

[PL12] Peñalver, E., C. C. Labandeira, E. Barrón, X. Delclòs, P. Nel, A. Nel, P. Tafforeau & C. Soriano. 2012. Thrips pollination of Mesozoic gymnosperms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109 (22): 8623–8628.

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