Female Androlaelaps casalis, from here.

Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Androlaelaps is a genus of laelapid mites found in animal nests, characterised by the presence of a genital shield and separate anal shield in females, together with a long pilus dentilis and ten setae (including seta pl2) on genu IV (Evans & Till 1979). They may feed facultatively on the nest host by puncturing the skin and drawing blood. Some authors have recognised distinct genera Haemolaelaps and Androlaelaps sensu stricto, with the latter characterised by hypertrophied ventral setae on femur-tibia II.

<==Androlaelaps Berlese 1903H98 (see below for synonymy)
    `--‘Haemolaelaps’ mesopicos groupD81
         |--‘Haemolaelaps’ dendropicosD81
         |--‘Haemolaelaps’ haydockiD81
         |--‘Haemolaelaps’ mesopicosD81
         |--‘Haemolaelaps’ palaniae Domrow 1981D81
         |--‘Haemolaelaps’ steyniD81
         `--‘Haemolaelaps’ wilkiniD81
Androlaelaps incertae sedis:
  *A. hermaphrodita (Berlese 1887)ET79, H98 (see below for synonymy)
  A. alexandrini (Fox 1946) [=Ischnolaelaps alexandrini]FH93
  A. anticlea (Domrow 1972) [=Haemolaelaps anticlea]H98
  A. calypso (Domrow 1966) [=Haemolaelaps calypso]H98
  A. casalis (Berlese 1887)H98 (see below for synonymy)
  A. centrocarpusR96
  A. circularis (Ewing 1933) [=Cyclolaelaps circularis]FH93
  A. cleptusa (Domrow 1972) [=Haemolaelaps cleptusa]H98
  A. crowei (Jameson 1947) [=Eubrachylaelaps jamesoni]FH93
  ‘Haemolaelaps’ cubicularisS61
  A. debilis (Jameson 1950) [=Eubrachylaelaps debilis]FH93
  A. domrowi (Womersley 1958) [=Haemolaelaps domrowi]H98
  A. fahrenholzi (Berlese 1911)H98 (see below for synonymy)
  ‘Haemolaelaps’ fenilis (Mégnin 1876)H98
  A. flagellatus (Womersley 1958) [=Haemolaelaps flagellata, H. flagellatus]H98
  A. frontalis (Banks 1910) [=Gamasus frontalis; incl. A. sinuosa Furman 1954]FH93
  A. geomys (Strandtmann 1949) [=Haemolaelaps geomys]FH93
  A. grandiculatus Eads 1951FH93
  A. hattenae (Domrow 1963) [=Haemolaelaps hattenae]H98
  A. hollisteri (Ewing 1925) [=Laelaps hollisteri, *Eubrachylaelaps hollisteri]FH93
  A. jamesoni (Furman 1955) [=Eubrachylaelaps jamesoni]FH93
  A. johnstoni Eads & Hightower 1951FH93
  A. laertes (Domrow 1972) [=Haemolaelaps laertes]H98
  A. leviculus Eads 1951FH93
  A. machaeratus (Domrow 1957) [=Haemolaelaps machaeratus]H98
  A. marsupialis (Berlese 1910) H98 (see below for synonymy)H98
  A. martini (Jameson 1951) [=Eubrachylaelaps martini]FH93
  A. morlani (Strandtmann 1949) [=Haemolaelaps morlani]FH93
  ‘Haemolaelaps’ neoflagellataD81
  A. pachyptilae (Zumpt & Till 1956) [=Haemolaelaps pachyptilae]H98
  A. penelope (Domrow 1964) [=Haemolaelaps penelope]H98
  A. pilosus Baker 1992S95
  A. quartus (Domrow 1961) [=Haemolaelaps quartus]H98
  A. rotundus (Fonseca 1936)L07
  A. schusteri Hirschmann 1966H66
  A. sisyphus (Domrow 1981) [=Haemolaelaps sisyphus]H98
  A. spinosulus (Berlese 1920) [=Hypoaspis (Haemolaelaps) spinosulus]FH93
  A. spinosus (Furman 1955) [=Eubrachylaelaps spinosus]FH93
  A. sternalis (Ewing 1922) [=Ichoronyssus sternalis]FH93
  A. telemachus (Domrow 1964) [=Androlaelaps telemachus]H98
  A. theseus (Zumpt 1950) [=Hypoaspis (Androlaelaps) theseus]L55
  A. ulixes (Domrow 1972) [=Haemolaelaps ulixes]H98
  A. ulysses (Domrow 1961) [=Haemolaelaps ulysses]H98
  A. zaheriE-KO07

Androlaelaps Berlese 1903H98 [incl. Atricholaelaps Ewing 1929FH93, Cyclolaelaps Ewing 1933FH93, Eubrachylaelaps Ewing 1929FH93, Haemolaelaps Berlese 1910H98, Ischnolaelaps Fonseca 1936FH93, Turkiella Zumpt & Till 1953FH93, Zygolaelaps Tipton 1957FH93]

Androlaelaps casalis (Berlese 1887)H98 [=Iphis casalisH98, Haemolaelaps casalisH98; incl. Hypoaspis freemani Hughes 1948FH93, Ha. haemorrhagicus Asanuma 1952FH93, Atricholaelaps megaventralis Strandtmann 1947FH93, Androlaelaps megaventralisSL71, Haemolaelaps megaventralisH98, Ha. molestus Oudemans 1929FH93, Hypoaspis oculatus Oudemans 1915FH93, Hy. soarianus Hull 1925FH93]

Androlaelaps fahrenholzi (Berlese 1911)H98 [=Laelaps (Haemolaelaps) fahrenholziFH93; incl. La. californicus Ewing 1925FH93, Haemolaelaps cricetophilus Vitzthum 1930FH93, Hypoaspis (Haemolaelaps) eos Zumpt & Patterson 1951FH93, Laelaps glasgowi Ewing 1925FH93, Haemolaelaps glasgowiH98, Hypoaspis microti Oudemans 1926FH93, Ha. mohrae Oudemans 1928FH93, Ischnolaelaps rhabdomys Radford 1939FH93, Ha. scalopi Keegan 1946FH93, Liponyssus setiger Ewing 1920FH93, Atricholaelaps sigmodoni Strandtmann 1946FH93, Lelaps (l. c.) stegemoni Hefley 1935FH93, At. strandtmanni Fox 1947FH93, Laelaps virginianus Ewing 1925FH93]

*Androlaelaps hermaphrodita (Berlese 1887)ET79, H98 [=Laelaps (Iphis) hermaphroditaFH93, A. hermaphroditusH98; incl. A. setosus Fox 1946FH93]

Androlaelaps marsupialis (Berlese 1910)H98 [=Laelaps marsupialisH98, *Haemolaelaps marsupialisD81; inl. Hypoaspis perameles Derrick et al. 1939 (n. n.)H98]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[D81] Domrow, R. 1981. Oriental Mesostigmata (Acari). 6. A Malesian member of the mesopicos group (Haemolaelaps). Acarologia 22 (2): 115–119.

[E-KO07] El-Kammah, K. M., & L. M. I. Oyoun. 2007. Taxonomic records of mite species associated with animal and poultry farms in the Nile delta, vally and N. Sinai Egypt. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 223–232. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H66] Hirschmann, W. 1966. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 15. Gänge von Litoralmilben und neue Litoralmilbenarten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 9: 25–44.

[L07] Lareschi, M. 2007. Seasonal occurrence of ectoparasites associated with the water rat Scapteromys aquaticus (Muridae, Sigmodontinae) from Punta Lara, Argentina. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 233–240. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[L55] Lavoipierre, M. M. J. 1955. On two new species and new records of Acarina mainly from the Ethiopian region. Parasitology 45 (1–2): 121–127.

[R96] Ruf, A. 1996. Life-history patterns in soil-inhabiting mesostigmatid mites (Dermanyssina, Parasitina). In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 621–628. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[SL71] Spain, A. V., & M. Luxton. 1971. Catalog and bibliography of the Acari of the New Zealand subregion. Pacific Insects Monograph 25: 179–226.

[S95] Strong, K. L. 1995. A new species of Hypoaspis (Acarina: Laelapidae) associated with funnel-web spiders (Araneae: Hexathelidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 219–223.

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