Anemone

Poppy anemone Anemone coronaria, copyright Stefano.

Belongs within: Ranunculaceae.

Anemone is a genus of perennial herbs found in temperate regions worldwide, a number of species of which are cultivated as ornamentals (Hickman 1993).

Characters (from Hickman 1993): Perennial from stout, simple to branched caudex, rhizome, or tuber. Stems 1-several, erect, generally simple. Leaves simple to 1-ternate, blade or leaflet toothed to dissected; basal leaves rosetted, petioled, in flower or fruit withered or persistent; cauline leaves generally 2–3, in whorls, petiole absent to short. Inflorescence terminal; peduncles 1–5, erect, 1-flowered, in fruit elongated. Flower radial; receptacle in fruit elongated; sepals 5–8(10), petal-like; petals absent; pistils many, styles in fruit generally persistent, generally glabrous to puberulent. Fruit achenes, densely clustered.

<==Anemone Linnaeus 1753A61
|--*A. coronariaBGS05
|--A. alpinaC55a
|--A. apenninaC55b
|--A. deltoideaH93
|--A. demissaO88
| |--A. d. var. demissaO88
| `--A. d. var. vilosissimaO88
|--A. drummondiiH93
|--A. fuscopurpureaO88
|--A. geumO88
|--A. hepatica [incl. Hepatica triloba]J23
|--A. hortensisBGS05
|--A. multifidaD03
|--A. obtusilobaO88
|--A. occidentalisH93
|--A. oregana [=A. quinquefolia var. oregana; incl. A. quinquefolia var. grayii, A. oregana var. minor]H93
|--A. palmataBGS05
|--A. pavoninaPT98
|--A. polyanthesO88
|--A. polycarpaO88
|--A. rivularisO88
|--A. rupestrisO88
|--A. rupicolaO88
|--A. smithianaO88
|--A. tenellaJ23
|--A. tenuicaulis (Cheesem.) Parkin & Sledge 1935 [=Ranunculus tenuicaulis Cheesem. 1885]A61
|--A. thalictroidesJ23
|--A. trullifoliaO88
`--A. tuberosaH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[BGS05] Banfi, E., G. Galasso & A. Soldano. 2005. Notes on systematics and taxonomy for the Italian vascular flora. 1. Atti Soc. It. Sci. Nat. Museo Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano 146 (2): 219–244.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 1–34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[J23] James, E. 1823. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819 and ’20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, sec’y of war: under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. From the notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring party vol. 1. H. C. Carey & I. Lea: Philadelphia.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19-46.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

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