Bandakia sp., copyright Biodiversity Institute of Ontario.

Belongs within: Neohydrachnidia.
Contains: Nilotonia.

The Anisitsiellidae are a diverse group of freshwater mites of questionable monophyly, larvae of which are (where known) parasites of nematocerous Diptera (Walter et al. 2009). They may be divided between the subfamily Anisitsiellinae, in which the dorsum and venter are each largely covered by single large plates, and Nilotoniinae, in which the venter is soft or with separated plates and the dorsum bears small sclerites or two larger plates.

Characters (from Walter et al. 2009): Adults with claws either present or absent on legs IV; when claws present, then lateral eyes usually located on platelets associated with ventral shield; venter with suture lines between coxal plates II-III complete; genital field with movable genital flaps flanking gonopore; genital acetabula conspicuous, lying free in gonopore.

    |  i. s.: Fuenticola Goldschmidt 2004G04
    |           `--*F. sancheziana Goldschmidt 2004G04
    |         Mamersopsides Viets 1916G04
    |           |--*M. sigthori Viets 1916G04
    |           |--M. neotropica Goldschmidt 2004G04
    |           `--M. vietsi Cook 1966G04
    |         Ranautonia dentipalpis Viets 1935G04
    |         Sigthoria Koenike 1907H98
    |           `--S. nilotica (Nordenskiöld 1905) [=Amasis niloticus]H98
    |    |--NilotoniaG04
    |    `--Mamersonia Viets 1954G04
    |         |--*M. amazonica Viets 1954G04 [=Nilotonia (*Mamersonia) amazonicaRFF05]
    |         |--M. biscutata Bader 1995G04
    |         |--M. cascada Goldschmidt 2004G04
    |         |--M. monoscutata Bader 1995G04
    |         |--M. scutata Cook 1966G04
    |         |--M. similis Bader 1995G04
    |         `--M. testudinata Cook 1966G04
    `--Anisitsiellinae [Mamersopsidae, Mamersopsinae]G04
         |--Mamersopsis Nordenskiöld 1905G04
         |--Platymamersopsis Viets 1914G04
         |--Rubicundula placibilisWL09
         |--Anisitsiella Daday 1905G04
         |    `--A. aculeata Daday 1905RFF05
         |--Sigthoriella Besch 1964G04
         |    `--S. hygropetrica Besch 1964RFF05
         |--Psammotorrenticola Angelier 1951 [Psammotorrenticolinae]S86
         |    `--P. gracilis Angelier 1951S86
         |--Utaxatax Habeeb 1964S86
         |    `--U. ovalis Cook 1974S86
         |--Mamersella Viets 1929G04
         |    |--M. anomola Hopkins 1967SL71
         |    |--M. newelli Habeeb 1959 (n. d.)C91
         |    `--M. ponderi Harvey 1990H98
         |--Stygomamersopsis Cook 1974S86
         |    |--S. anisitisipalpis Cook 1974S86
         |    `--S. viedmai Cook 1974S86
         |--Mamersellides Lundblad 1937G04
         |    |--*M. ventriperforatus Lundblad 1937G04
         |    `--M. costenius Cramer & Smith 1993G04
         |--Rutacarus Lundblad 1937G04
         |    |  i. s.: R. sasonus Cook 1986H98
         |    |         R. stygius Harvey 1990H98
         |    |--R. (Rutacarus) pyriformis Lundblad 1937RFF05
         |    |--R. (Eorutacarus Cook 1980)RFF05
         |    |    `--R. (E.) ferradasae Cook 1980S86
         |    `--R. (Neorutacarus Orghidan & Gruia 1983)S86
         |         `--R. (N.) angelieri Orghidan & Gruia 1983RFF05
         |--Anisitsiellides Lundblad 1941G04 [incl. Australiotonia Cook 1986H98]
         |    |--A. australis Smit 2002RFF05
         |    |--A. caledonica Harvey 1990H98
         |    |--A. chilensis Cook 1988RFF05
         |    |--A. circularis Cook 1986H98
         |    |--A. lundbladi Cook 1980RFF05
         |    |--A. monticolus Lundblad 1941RFF05
         |    |--A. tabberabbera Harvey 1990H98
         |    |--A. tasmanicus Cook 1986H98
         |    |--A. tolarda (Cook 1986) [=Australiotonia tolarda]H98
         |    `--A. zelandicus Hopkins 1967SL71
         `--Bandakia Thor 1913G04
              |--*B. concreta Thor 1913G04
              |--B. borealis Smith 1979S86
              |--B. corsica Angelier 1951G04
              |--B. elhacha Goldschmidt 2004G04
              |--B. elongata Cook 1963 [incl. B. longipalpis Cook 1974]S86
              |--B. fragilisWL09
              |--B. hoffmannae Cramer & Smith 1991G04
              |--B. mexicana Cramer & Smith 1991G04
              |--B. normaGS96
              |--B. oregonensis Smith 1979S86
              |--B. phreatica Cook 1974S86
              `--B. speciosa Viets 1953G04

*Type species of generic name indicated


[C91] Conroy, J. C. 1991. Acarology—a modern science. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 5–16. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[GS96] Gerecke, R., & A. Di Sabatino. 1996. Historical zoogeography and evolution of habitat preference in water mites (Hydracarina) of the central Mediterranean region. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 523–527. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[G04] Goldschmidt, T. 2004. Untersuchungen über Wassermilben der Familie Anisitsiellidae Koenike 1910 aus der Neotropis (Arachnida, Acari, Actinedida, Hydrachnidia). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 113–150.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[RFF05] Rosso de Ferradás, B., & H. R. Fernández. 2005. Elenco y biogeografía de los ácaros acuáticos (Acari, Parasitengona, Hydrachnidia) de Sudamérica. Graellsia 61 (2): 181–224.

[S86] Schwoerbel, J. 1986. Acari: “Hydrachnellae”. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 652–696. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[SL71] Spain, A. V., & M. Luxton. 1971. Catalog and bibliography of the Acari of the New Zealand subregion. Pacific Insects Monograph 25: 179–226.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *