Anisotome

Anisotome latifolia, copyright Elizabeth Huang.

Belongs within: Apiaceae.

Anisotome is an Australasian genus of aromatic tufted herbs.

Characters (from Allan 1961): Small to large tufted herbs, sometimes rhizomatous, mostly glabrous or nearly so, aromatic; latex mostly copious. Stock usually well-developed, often multicipital, produced into stout deeply descending taproot. Umbels usually compound, rays usually many; involucral bracts various. Calyx-teeth very small, or obsolete; petals usually white, occasionally pinkish to mauve or reddish, incurved; stamens incurved. Fruit usually ± narrow-oblong in outline; mericarps usually distinctly compressed, with usually 5 sub-equal very narrowly winged ribs. Vittae usually 1 per furrow and 2 on commissural face.

<==Anisotome Hooker 1844 [incl. Calosciadium Endlicher ex Walp. 1840] A61
    |–A. acutifolia (Kirk) Cockayne 1919 [=Ligusticum acutifolium Kirk 1891, Aciphylla acutifolia Cockayne 1909] A61
    |–A. antipoda Hooker 1844 A61 (see below for synonymy) A61
    |–A. aromatica Hooker 1852 [=Ligusticum aromaticum Hooker 1864] W96
    |    |–a. a. var. aromatica A61
    |    |–A. a. var. dissecta Allan 1961 non A. dissecta (Kirk) Cheesem. 1925 A61
    |    |–A. a. var. flabellifolia (Simpson) Allan 1961 [=A. flabellifolia Simpson 1952] A61
    |    |–A. a. var. incisa (Kirk) Cheesem. 1925 A61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |–A. a. var. lanuginosa (Kirk) Cheesem. 1925 [=Ligusticum aromaticum var. lanuginosum Kirk 1899] A61
    |    |–A. a. var. major Allan 1961 A61
    |    |–A. a. var. obtusa Allan 1961 A61
    |    `–A. a. var. pinnatisecta Allan 1961 A61
    |–A. brevistylis (Hooker) Poppelwell 1915 [=Ligusticum brevistyle Hooker 1864] A61
    |–A. capillifolia (Cheesem.) Cockayne 1919 [=Ligusticum capillifolium Cheesem. 1915] A61
    |–A. carnosula (Hooker) Cockayne & Laing 1911 [=Ligusticum carnosulum Hooker 1864] A61
    |–A. deltoidea Cheesem. 1925 [=Ligusticum deltoideum Cheesem. 1882] A61
    |–A. diversifolia (Cheeseman) Cockayne 1912 [=Ligusticum diversifolium Cheeseman 1906] A61
    |–A. enysii (Kirk) Laing 1912 [=Ligusticum enysii Kirk 1877] A61
    |–A. filifolia (Hooker) Cockayne & Laing 1911 [=Ligusticum filifolium Hooker 1864; incl. L. patulum Kirk 1899] A61
    |–A. flabellata (Kirk) Cockayne ex Crosby Smith 1914 (see below for synonymy) A61
    |–A. haastii (Muell. ex Hooker) Cockayne & Laing 1911 [=Ligusticum haastii Muell. ex Hooker 1864] A61
    |–A. imbricata (Hooker) Cockayne 1921 [=Ligusticum imbricatum Hooker 1864] A61
    |    |–A. i. var. imbricata W91
    |    `–A. i. var. prostrata W91
    |–A. intermedia Hooker 1853 [=Ligusticum intermedium; incl. L. intermedium var. oblongifolium Kirk 1899] A61
    |–A. latifolia Hooker 1844 (see below for synonymy) A61
    |–A. lyallii Hooker 1853 [=Ligusticum lyallii Hooker 1864] A61
    |–‘Ligusticum’ ovatum Wolff 1911 (n. d.) A61
    |–‘Ligusticum’ petraeum Cheeseman 1919 (n. d.) A61
    `–A. pilifera (Hooker) Cockayne & Laing 1911 (see below for synonymy) A61

Anisotome antipoda Hooker 1844 A61 [=Calosciadium antipodum Endl. ex Walp. 1850 A61, Gingidium antipodum C06, Ligusticum antipodum Homb. & Jacq. ex Decne 1853 A61]

Anisotome aromatica var. incisa (Kirk) Cheesem. 1925 A61 [=Ligusticum incisum Kirk 1899 A61, L. aromaticum var. incisum C06]

Anisotome flabellata (Kirk) Cockayne ex Crosby Smith 1914 [=Ligusticum flabellatum Kirk 1899, Aciphylla flabellata Cockayne 1909] A61

Anisotome latifolia Hooker 1844 [=Calosciadium latifolium (Hooker) Endl. ex Walp. 1850, Ligusticum latifolium Hooker 1864; incl. L. latifolium var. angustatum Kirk 1899] A61

Anisotome pilifera (Hooker) Cockayne & Laing 1911 [=Ligusticum piliferum Hooker 1864; incl. L. piliferum var. pinnatifidum Kirk 1899, Anisotome pilifera var. pinnatifida] A61

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[W96] Webb, C. J. 1996. A rose by any other name: two problems of scent in the naming and typification of New Zealand plants. New Zealand Journal of Botany 34: 281–283.

[W91] Williams, P. A. 1991. Subalpine and alpine vegetation of granite ranges in western Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 29: 317–330.

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