Corn chamomile Anthemis arvensis, copyright Udo Schmidt.

Belongs within: Asteroideae.
Contains: Artemisia, Leptinella, Cotula, Tanacetum, Chrysanthemum.

The Anthemideae are a tribe of composite-flowered plants including such plants as chamomiles, yarrow, tansies and chrysanthemums. In members of the subtribe Anthemidinae, the receptacle bears chaffy scales whereas in the Chrysanthemidinae, the receptacle is naked. Anthemidinae include the genera Achillea, with compressed achenes and almost orbicular ligules, and Anthemis, with little compressed achenes and oblong ligules. Within the Chrysantheminae, members of the genus Matricaria bear heterogamous-radiate flower heads with a conical receptacle (Black & Robertson 1965).

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Involucral bracts with scarious margins; heads heterogamous-radiate, or heterogamous-discoid with female flowers tubular; receptacle naked or chaffy; style-branches of fertile bisexual flowers always truncate with tuft of collecting hairs at summit; pappus absent or rarely of scales or bristles or small crown; leaves alternate.

    |    |--AchilleaBR65
    |    |    |--A. alpinaC55a
    |    |    |--A. millefolium (see below for synonymy)H93
    |    |    |--A. nanaC55a
    |    |    |--A. ptarmicaC55b
    |    |    |--A. tanacetifoliaC55b
    |    |    `--A. tomentosaBR65
    |    `--AnthemisM79
    |         |--A. arvensisBR65
    |         |--A. chiaPT98
    |         |--A. cotulaBR65 [=Maruta cotulaC55b]
    |         |--A. rigidaPT98
    |         |--A. ruthenicaBO08
    |         `--A. tinctoriaC55b
         |--Ceratogyne obionoidesBR65
         |--Dimorphocoma minutulaBR65
         |--Isoetopsis graminifoliaBR65
         |--Elachanthus pusillusBR65
         |    |--S. anthemifolia Br. 1817C06 [=Gymnostyles anthemifoliaMS72]
         |    |--S. nasturtiifoliaC55b
         |    `--S. sessilis [incl. S. daucifolia, S. pterosperma]H93
         |--Centipeda Loureiro 1790 [incl. Myriogyne Lessing 1831]BR65
         |    |--C. borealisLK14
         |    |--C. cunninghamii [=Myriogyne cunninghamii]BR65
         |    |--C. minima (Linnaeus) Brown & Ascherson 1867 (see below for synonymy)BR65
         |    `--C. thespidioidesBR65
              |--M. chamomillaTG88
              |--M. discoideaC06
              |--M. inodoraC06
              |--M. perforataAK02
              `--M. suffruticosa [incl. M. multiflora]BR65
Anthemideae incertae sedis:
    |--U. anthemoidesOS04
    `--U. frutescensCV06
    |--A. clavatusS86
    |--A. homogamosS86
    |--A. latealatusS86
    |--A. linearilobusS86
    |--A. maroccanusS86
    |--A. monanthusS86
    |--A. nigellifoliusS86
    |--A. pyrethrumS86
    `--A. radiatusS86
    |--E. dinteriCV06
    |--E. giessiiCV06
    |--E. kingesiiCV06
    |--E. klinghardtensisCV06
    `--E. pinnatusCV06
    |--S. cana [=Tanacetum canum]H93
    `--S. potentilloides [=Tanacetum potentilloides]H93
         |--S. p. var. potentilloidesH93
         `--S. p. var. nitrophilaH93
  Abrotanella Cass. 1825A61
    |--A. caespitosa Petrie ex Kirk 1892A61
    |--A. christenseni Petrie 1915 (n. d.)A61
    |--A. filiformis Petrie 1915A61
    |--A. inconspicua Hooker 1864A61
    |--A. linearis Bergg. 1877 [incl. A. linearis var. apiculata Simpson & Thomson 1943]A61
    |--A. muscosa Kirk 1892A61
    |--A. pusilla Hooker 1864 [=Trineuron pusillum Hooker 1853]A61
    |--A. rosulata Hooker 1864 [=Ceratella rosulata Hooker 1844]A61
    `--A. spathulata Hooker 1864 [=Trineuron spathulatum Hooker 1844]A61

Achillea millefolium [incl. A. lanulosa ssp. alpicola, A. millefolium var. alpicola. A. borealis ssp. arenicola, A. millefolium var. arenicola, A. millefolium var. borealis, A. borealis ssp. californica, A. millefolium var. californica, A. millefolium var. gigantea, A. millefolium var. lanulosa, A. millefolium var. littoralis, A. millefolium var. pacifica, A. millefolium var. puberula]H93

Centipeda minima (Linnaeus) Brown & Ascherson 1867 [=Artemisia minima Linnaeus 1753; incl. Cotula minuta Forster 1786, Myriogyne minuta (Forster) Lessing 1831, Centipeda orbicularis Loureiro 1790]BR65

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[AK02] Anderson, R. S., & D. G. Kissinger. 2002. Brentidae Billberg 1820. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 711–719. CRC Press.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae–Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[BO08] Bönsel, D., I. Ottich, A. Malten & G. Zizka. 2008. An updated list of the vascular plants of Frankfurt am Main (Pteridophyta & Spermatophyta). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 111–121.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[HFR93] Hickey, M. J., T. R. O. Field & W. Rumball. 1993. Evaluation of native New Zealand cotula (Leptinella dioica Hook. f.) lines for lawn bowling greens. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal 7: 793–797.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[MS72] Maheshwari, J. K., & V. Singh. 1972. Soliva anthemifolia Juss. R. Br. ex Less. (Compositae): an adventive species in Rajasthan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 452–453.

[M79] McArthur, E. D. 1979. Sagebrush systematics and evolution. In: The Sagebrush Ecosystem: A Symposium pp. 14–22. Utah State University: Logan.

[OS04] Obbens, F. J., & L. W. Sage. 2004. Vegetation and flora of a diverse upland remnant of the Western Australian wheatbelt (Nature Reserve A21064). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (1): 19–28.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

[S86] Sneath, P. H. A. 1986. Estimating uncertainty in evolutionary trees from Manhattan-distance triads. Systematic Zoology 35 (4): 470–488.

[S06] Stuckert, T. 1906. Distribución geográfica de la flora Argentina. Géneros de la familia de las compuestas. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, serie 3, 6: 303–309.

[TG88] Tepfer, D., A. Goldmann, N. Pamboukdjian, M. Maille, A. Lepingle, D. Chevalier, J. Dénarié & C. Rosenberg. 1988. A plasmid of Rhizobium meliloti 41 encodes catabolism of two compounds from root exudate of Calystegium sepium. Journal of Bacteriology 170 (3): 1153–1161.

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