Anthidiini

Anthidiellum strigatum, copyright Dick Belgers.

Belongs within: Megachilidae.
Contains: Anthidium.

The Anthidiini are megachilid bees with a short pterostigma with the distance between its base and vein r little if any longer than the width of the stigma. Females also have a large median tooth or prong on the claws (Michener 1965).

<==Anthidiini [Anthidiinae]CSD10
    |  i. s.: Lithanthidium Cockerell 1911E01
    |           `--*L. pertriste Cockerell 1911E01
    |         ArchianthidiumO01
    |         Parevaspis Ritsema 1874M65
    |           |--*P. basalis Ritsema 1874M65
    |           `--P. abdominalis (Smith 1859) (see below for synonymy)M65
    |         Hypanthidium panamenseGA97
    |         Afranthidium repetitumH18
    |         Protanthidium Cockerell & Cockerell 1901CC01
    |           `--*P. steloides [=Megachile steloides]CC01
    |--TrachusaCSD10
    |    |--T. larreae (Cockerell 1897)CSD10
    |    `--T. serratulaeR13
    `--+--AnthidiumCSD10
       `--+--Stelis [Stelididae]CSD10
          |    |--S. aterrimaG20 [=Apis aterrimaL02, Megachile (Stelis) aterrimaG20]
          |    |--S. crassicepsR35
          |    |--S. lateralis [=Trachusa lateralis]R35
          |    |--S. linsleyi Timberlake 1941CSD10
          |    |--S. nasutaR35
          |    |--S. permaculata Ckll. 1898 [=S. lateralis var. permaculata]C01
          |    |--S. punctulatissimaPK17
          |    `--S. sexmaculataR35
          `--+--Paranthidium Cockerell & Cockerell 1901CSD10, CC01
             |    |--*P. perpictum (Ckll. 1898)CC01, C00 [=Anthidium perpictumCC01, Dianthidium (*Paranthidium) perpictumCC01]
             |    `--P. jugatorium (Say 1824)CSD10
             `--+--Dianthidium Cockerell 1900CSD10, C00
                |    |--*D. curvatum [=Anthidium curvatum; incl. A. interruptum]C00
                |    |--D. consimileCC01
                |    |--D. ehrhorni (Cockerell 1900) [=Anthidium ehrhorni]C00
                |    |--D. gilense (Ckll. 1897) [=Anthidium gilense]C00
                |    |--D. heterulkeiC72
                |    |--D. minus [=Apis maculata var. minor Rossi 1790; incl. Anthidium strigatum, Dianthidium strigatum]CC01
                |    |--D. notatum [=Anthidium notatum]CC01
                |    |--D. parvum (Cresson 1878) [=Anthidium parvum]C00
                |    |--D. perplexum [=Anthidium perplexum]CC01
                |    |--D. pudicumG05 [=Anthidium pudicumC00]
                |    |    |--D. p. pudicumG05
                |    |    `--D. p. consimile [=Anthidium consimile]G05
                |    |--D. sayiR35
                |    |--D. subparvum Swenk 1914CSD10
                |    `--D. ulkeiR35
                `--Anthidiellum Cockerell 1904CSD10, M65 [=Cerianthidium Friese 1923M65]
                     |  i. s.: A. notatum (Latreille 1809)CSD10
                     |         A. robertsoniR35
                     |--*A. (Anthidiellum) strigatum [=Trachusa strigata, *Cerianthidium strigatum]M65
                     `--A. (Pycnanthidium Krombein 1951)M65
                          |--A. (*P.) solomonis (Krombein 1951) [=*Pycnanthidium solomonis]M65
                          |--A. (P.) absonulumM65
                          |--A. (P.) aspidopodumM65
                          |--A. (P.) biroi (Friese 1909) [=Anthidium biroi]M65
                          |--A. (P.) hesseiM65
                          |--A. (P.) javanicum [incl. A. minutissimum]M65
                          |--A. (P.) lautulumM65
                          |--A. (P.) medionigrumM65
                          |--A. (P.) melanaspis Cockerell 1929M65
                          |--A. (P.) ramakrishnaeM65
                          |--A. (P.) rasoriumM65
                          |--A. (P.) rufipesM65
                          |--A. (P.) smithiiM65
                          |--A. (P.) swaleiM65
                          |--A. (P.) turneri (Friese 1909) [=Anthidium turneri]M65
                          `--A. (P.) zebraM65

Parevaspis abdominalis (Smith 1859) [=Stelis abdominalis; incl. P. polyesia Vachal 1903, Euaspis smithi Friese 1904]M65

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CSD10] Cardinal, S., J. Straka & B. N. Danforth. 2010. Comprehensive phylogeny of apid bees reveals the evolutionary origins and antiquity of cleptoparasitism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 107 (37): 16207–16211.

[C72] Clement, S. L. 1972. Notes on the biology and larval morphology of Stenodynerus canus canus (Hymenoptera: Eumenidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 48 (4): 271–275.

[C00] Cockerell, T. D. A. 1900. Observations on bees collected at Las Vegas, New Mexico, and in the adjacent mountains. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 401–416.

[C01] Cockerell, T. D. A. 1901. Contributions from the New Mexico Biological Station.—XI. New and little-known insects from New Mexico. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 333–337.

[CC01] Cockerell, T. D. A., & W. P. Cockerell. 1901. Contributions from the New Mexico Biological Station.—IX. On certain genera of bees. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 46–50.

[E01] Engel, M. S. 2001. A monograph of the Baltic amber bees and evolution of the Apoidea (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 259: 1–192.

[GA97] Gillespie, L. J., & W. S. Armbruster. 1997. A contribution to the Guianan flora: Dalechampia, Haematostemon, Omphalea, Pera, Plukenetia, and Tragia (Euphorbiaceae) with notes on subfamily Acalyphoideae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 86: 1–48.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[G05] Grissell, E. E. 2005. A review of North American species of Microdontomerus Crawford (Torymidae: Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 14 (1): 22–65.

[H18] Houston, T. 2018. A Guide to Native Bees of Australia. CSIRO Publishing.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle des Fourmis, et recueil de mémoires et d’observations sur les abeilles, les araignées, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. Théophile Barrois père: Paris.

[M65] Michener, C. D. 1965. A classification of the bees of the Australian and South Pacific regions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 130: 1–362.

[O01] OConnor, B. M. 2001. Historical ecology of the Acaridae (Acari): phylogenetic evidence for host and habitat shifts. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 76–82. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

[R35] Rayment, T. 1935. A Cluster of Bees: Sixty essays on the life-histories of Australian bees, with specific descriptions of over 100 new species. Endeavour Press: Sydney.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

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