Anthomyza gracilis, copyright Aleksandrs Balodis.
Belongs within: Heleomyzidae.

The Anthomyzidae are a group of small, usually slender flies that are mostly found in damp habitats (Barber & Roháček 2010).

Characters (from Barber & Roháček 2010): Small (body length 1.1–3.4 mm), usually slender flies, ranging in colour from yellow to black, shiny to distinctly microtomentose; wings usually long, narrow, sometimes marked, or brachypterous. Head sometimes distinctly elongate; antenna short with pedicel not swollen or caplike, first flagellomere turned downward, arista pubescent to pectinate. One or three reclinate fronto-orbital setae with short setulae anteriorly on fronto-orbital plates and usually on frons. Ocellar and vertical setae always present; postocellar setae short, convergent, exceptionally absent. Fore femur usually with pronounced posteroventral ctenidial spine; sometimes fore tibia and some tarsomeres black, contrasting with pale femur. Mid tibia with distinct ventroapical seta. Hind femur in male usually with posteroventral row of shortened, thickened setae. Vein R1 of wing with distinctive preapical kink. Male genitalia characterised by phallapodeme with robust ventral modified phallic guide (fulcrum) connected with hypandrium and by distiphallus bifid apically (composed of membranous saccus and slender sclerotised filum). Female tergite 7 entire or medially split (rarely desclerotised or missing), sometimes fusing with sternite 7 in various ways.

|  i. s.: Melananthomyza V87
|         Waterhouseia V87
|–Protanthomyza [Protanthomyzinae] BR10
`–Anthomyzinae BR10
|–Typhamyza BR10
|–Paranthomyza BR10
|–Anagnota BR10
|–Fungomyza BR10
|–Grimalantha BR10
|–Margdalops BR10
|–Epischnomyia BR10
|–Receptrixa BR10
|–Zealantha BR10
|–Ischnomyia BR10
|–Apterosepsis BR10
|–Santhomyza Roháček 1984 BR10
|–Amygdalops BR10
|    |–A. simplicior Rohácek 2004 F05
|    `–A. thomasseti O98
|–Chamaebosca BR10
|    |–C. cursor BR10
|    `–C. microptera BR10
|–Mumetopia BR10
|    |–M. nigrimana BR10
|    |–M. occipitalis BR10
|    `–M. terminalis BR10
|–Stiphrosoma BR10
|    |–S. lucipetum BR10
|    |–S. pullum BR10
|    `–S. sororium BR10
`–Anthomyza Fallén 1810 C-T92
|–A. albimana (Meigen 1830) C-T92
|–A. collini Andersson 1976 C-T92
|–A. gracilis V87
`–A. sabulosa V87

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR10] Barber, K. N., & J. Roháček. 2010. Anthomyzidae (anthomyzid flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1073–1081. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[C-T92] Carles-Tolrá, M. 1992. New and interesting records of Diptera Acalyptrata from Spain. Part I: Acartophthalmidae, Opomyzidae, Anthomyzidae, Asteiidae, Carnidae, Tethinidae, Milichiidae and Cryptochetidae. Bull. Annls Soc. R. Belge Ent. 128: 343–353.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[O98] Oosterbroek, P. 1998. The Families of Diptera of the Malay Archipelago. Brill: Leiden.

[V87] Vockeroth, J. R. 1987. Anthomyzidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 887–890. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

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