Aphidini

 Oleander aphids Aphis nerii, copyright Andreas Kay.

Belongs within: Aphididae.

The Aphidini are a group of aphids in which the antennae are always shorter than the body, and stigmal pori on the first and second abdominal segments are relatively distant from each other. Economically significant species include the cotton aphid Aphis gossypii which attacks a wide range of hosts including several cucurbit species. The brown citrus aphid Toxoptera citricidus is a serious pest of citrus orchards.

<==AphidiniNNA-ZPH05
|--ToxopteraNNA-ZPH05
| |--T. aurantiiB88
| |--T. citricidus (Kirkaldy 1907) (see below for synonymy)NNA-ZPH05
| `--T. graminumRD77
`--Aphis Linnaeus 1758L58
| i. s.: A. absinthii Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. acaenovinaeCGW91
| A. alniR26
| A. armoraciaePS96
| A. betulae Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. brassicae Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. bursaria Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. cardui Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. chlorisCGW91
| A. cirsii Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. craccae Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. craccivoraCGW91
| A. crassicauda Smith & Eckel 1996SE96
| A. durantaCK15
| A. evonymiR13
| A. fabaeA71
| A. fraxiniR26
| A. genistaeR26
| A. gossypiiWFS04
| A. helianthiPS96
| A. holodisciPS96
| A. jaceae Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. juniperiR26
| A. lactucae Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. lugentisPS96
| A. lychnidis Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. maidiradicisGE05
| A. maliR26
| A. millefoliiR26
| A. neogilletteiPS96
| A. padi Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. papaverisS61
| A. pastinacae Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. pini Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. platylobiiCGW91
| A. pomiPS96
| A. populi Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. pruniG20
| A. quercus Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. ribis Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. roboris Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. rosae Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. rumicis Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. salicariaePSM96
| A. salicis Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. sambuci Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. spiraecolaCGW91
| A. tanaceti Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. tiliae Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. ulmi Linnaeus 1758L58
| A. variansPS96
| A. viburniI92
| A. viburnicolaSE96
| A. viburniphila Patch 1917SE96
`--A. (Aphis)F05
|--A. (A.) jacetana García Prieto & Nieto Nafría 2005F05
|--A. (A.) mastichinae Pérez Hidalgo & Nieto Nafría 2005F05
|--A. (A.) nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe 1841MF05
|--A. (A.) orocantabrica García Prieto & Nieto Nafría 2005F05
`--A. (A.) zamorana García Prieto & Nieto Nafría 2005F05

Toxoptera citricidus (Kirkaldy 1907) [=Myzus citricidus, T. citricida; incl. Aphis aeglis Shinji 1922, Paratoxoptera argentinensis Blanchard 1944, A. nigricans van der Goot 1917, A. tavaresi Del Guercio 1908]NNA-ZPH05

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[CK15] Calvo, F. J., M. Knapp, Y. M. van Houten, H. Hoogerbrugge & J. E. Belda. 2015. Amblyseius swirskii: what made this predatory mite such a successful biocontrol agent? Experimental and Applied Acarology 65: 419–433.

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[I92] Imes, R. 1992. The Practical Entomologist. Aurum Press: London.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[MF05] Monserrat, V. J., & S. de Freitas. 2005. Contribución al conocimiento de los crisópidos de Coquimbo, Patagonia y Tierra del Fuego (Argentina, Chile) (Insecta, Neuroptera, Chrysopidae). Graellsia 61 (2): 163–179.

[NNA-ZPH05] Nieto Nafría, J. M., M. A. Alonso-Zarazaga & N. Pérez Hidalgo. 2005. Toxoptera citricida or Toxoptera citricidus? The validity of a specific name (Hemiptera, Aphididae, Aphidini). Graellsia 61 (1): 141–142.

[PS96] Pike, K. S., P. Starý, R. Miller, D. Allison, L. Boydston, G. Graf & T. Miller. 1996. New species and host records of aphid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) from the Pacific northwest, U.S.A. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (3): 570–591.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[SE96] Smith, C. F., & R. W. Eckel. 1996. Aphis crassicauda, n. sp. (Homoptera: Aphididae), with a key to alate species of Aphis on Viburnum spp. in the United States. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (1): 44–49.

[S61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Studies on the systematics and biology of the Erythraeoidea (Acarina), with a critical revision of the genera and subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 367–610.

[WFS04] Winks, C. J., S. V. Fowler & L. A. Smith. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61–72.

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