Aphidoidea

Holotype of Oviparosiphum jakovlevi, from Żyła et al. (2015). A: body, ventral view; B: body, dorsal view; C: original reconstruction.

Belongs within: Sternorrhyncha.
Contains: Phloemyzidae, Greenideidae, Aphididae.

The Aphidoidea are a diverse group of plant-sucking bugs that often exhibit an alternation of generations between alate, sexual and apterous, parthenogenetic forms. Alate forms have wings in which the bases of veins R, M and Cu are fused into a thick longitudinal vein near the costal edge terminating in a large stigma, from which the M and Cu veins diverge basally (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). In members of the modern families Phylloxeridae and Adelgidae, both parthenogenetic and sexual generations are oviparous.

<==Aphidoidea [Aphididoidea]GE05
|--Grimmenaphis magnificaGE05
|--Juraphis crassipesGE05
|--ShaposhnikoviidaeRJ93
| |--Tinaphis sibirica Vengerek 1989GE05, RJ93
| `--Shaposhnikovia electriRJ93
`--+--PhylloxeroideaSP02
| | i. s.: Palaeophylloxera seilacheri Heie & Peñalver 1999WP02
| |--PhylloxeridaeGE05
| | |--Daktulosphaira vitifoliiCGW91 [=Viteus vitifoliiCGW91; incl. Phylloxera vastatrixWEE70]
| | |--Phylloxerina salicisCGW91
| | |--Phylloxera quercusRD77
| | `--Moritziella Börner 1908CGW91, CS91
| | `--M. corticalisCGW91
| `--+--MesozoicaphididaeGE05
| |--Taymyraphididae [Tajmyraphididae]GE05
| | |--Tajmyraphis beckermigdisovaeRJ93
| | |--JantardakhiaP92
| | |--KhatangaphisP92
| | `--RetinaphisP92
| |--ElektraphididaeGE05
| | |--Antonaphis brachyceraRJ93
| | |--SchizoneuritesRJ93
| | |--TajmyrellaP92
| | |--AntiquaphisP92
| | `--ElektraphisP92
| `--AdelgidaeGE05
| |--Pineus piniCGW91
| `--AdelgesS07
| |--A. cooleyiRD77
| |--A. piceaeS07
| |--A. pseudotsugaeSS96
| `--A. tsugaeWP99
`--+--GreenideidaeWP02
|--CretamyzidaeGE05
|--AphididaeGE05
|--ThelaxidaeSP02
| |--Palaeothelaxes setosaRJ93
| `--ThelaxesP92
|--Anoeciidae [Anoeciinae]SP02
| |--Berendtaphis cimicoidesRJ93
| `--AnoeciaRD77
|--MindaridaeSP02
| |--Mindarus abietinusR13
| `--Nordaphis sukatchevaeRJ93
|--CanadaphididaeGE05
| |--Nuuraphis gemma Vengerek 1991RJ93
| |--Canadaphis carpenteriRJ93
| |--AlloambriaP92
| `--PseudambriaP92
`--OviparosiphidaeSP02
|--Bajsaphis Shaposhnikov 1985HW11
|--Acanthotrichaphis Shaposhnikov & Wegierek 1989HW11
|--Vitimaphis Shaposhnikov & Wegierek 1989HW11
|--Sinoviparosiphum Ren 1995H02
| `--*S. lini Ren 1995H02
|--Expansaphis Hong & Wang 1990H02
| |--*E. ovata Hong & Wang 1990H02
| `--E. laticosta Hong & Wang 1990H02
`--Oviparosiphum Shaposhnikov & Wegierek 1989HW11 (see below for synonymy)
|--*O. jakovlevi Shaposhnikov 1979H02
|--O. laturn Hong & Wang 1990H02
|--O. malacum (Zhang et al. 1989) [=Mesoviparosiphum malacum; incl. M. tuanwangense Zhang et al. 1989]H02
`--O. opimum (Zhang et al. 1989) [=Paroviparosiphum opimum; incl. P. camptotrophum Zhang et al. 1989]H02

Aphidoidea incertae sedis:
Longistigma caryaeSP02
CasimiraAY04
Eulachnus tauricus Bozhko 1961MF05
Drepanochaitophorus Zhang & Hong 1999 [Drepanochaitophoridae]H02
`--D. fushunensis Zhang & Hong 1999H02
PhloemyzidaeH02
Dataiaphis Lin 1995H02
`--*D. conferis Lin 1995H02
Chaitophoridae [Chaitophorinae]RD77
|--Sipha elegansRD77, PS96
|--PeriphyllusCGW91
| |--P. californiensisCGW91
| `--P. lyropictusPS96
`--ChaitophorusR96
|--C. nigerR96
|--C. populetiRD77
|--C. populicolaPS96
`--C. utahensisPS96

Oviparosiphum Shaposhnikov & Wegierek 1989HW11 [incl. Mesoviparosiphum Zhang et al. 1989H02, Paroviparosiphum Zhang et al. 1989H02]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AY04] Austin, A. D., D. K. Yeates, G. Cassis, M. J. Fletcher, J. La Salle, J. F. Lawrence, P. B. McQuillan, L. A. Mound, D. J. Bickel, P. J. Gullan, D. F. Hales & G. S. Taylor. 2004. Insects ‘Down Under’—diversity, endemism and evolution of the Australian insect fauna: examples from select orders. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 216–234.

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[CS91] Colloff, M. J., & E. L. Seyd. 1991. A new species of Moritzoppia from montane sites in the British Isles, with a redescription of M. clavigera (Hammer, 1952) (Acari: Oribatida: Oppiidae). Journal of Natural History 25: 1067–1074.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[HW11] Homan, A., & P. Wegierek. 2011. A new family of aphids (Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha) from the Lower Cretaceous of Baissa, Transbaikalia. ZooKeys 130: 167–174.

[H02] Hong Y. 2002. Amber Insect of China. Beijing Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

[MF05] Monserrat, V. J., & S. de Freitas. 2005. Contribución al conocimiento de los crisópidos de Coquimbo, Patagonia y Tierra del Fuego (Argentina, Chile) (Insecta, Neuroptera, Chrysopidae). Graellsia 61 (2): 163–179.

[PS96] Pike, K. S., P. Starý, R. Miller, D. Allison, L. Boydston, G. Graf & T. Miller. 1996. New species and host records of aphid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) from the Pacific northwest, U.S.A. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (3): 570–591.

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[R96] Raspi, A. 1996. Thaumatomyia elongatula (Becker) (Chloropidae) and Leucopis annulipes Zetterstedt (Chamaemyiidae): two Diptera preying on Phloeomyzus passerinii (Signoret) (Homoptera: Phloeomyzidae) in Italy. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (3): 509–516.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[SP02] Shcherbakov, D. E., & Yu. A. Popov. 2002. Superorder Cimicidea Laicharting, 1781: Order Hemiptera Linné, 1758. The bugs, cicadas, plantlice, scale insects, etc. [=Cimicida Laicharting, 1781, =Homoptera Leach, 1815 + Heteroptera Latreille, 1810). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 143–157. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[SS96] Simberloff, D., & P. Stilling. 1996. How risky is biological control? Ecology 77 (7): 1965–1974.

[S07] Ślipiński, A. 2007. Australian Ladybird Beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): Their biology and classification. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[WP02] Wegierek, P., & E. Peñalver. 2002. Fossil representatives of the family Greenideidae (Hemiptera, Aphidoidea) from the Miocene of Europe. Geobios 35: 745–757.

[WEE70] Woodward, T. E., J. W. Evans & V. F. Eastop. 1970. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 387–457. Melbourne University Press.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *