Apioideae

Celery Apium graveolens, copyright Adam Grubb and Annie Raser-Rowland.

Belongs within: Apiaceae.
Contains: Mulineae, Bupleurum, Pleurospermeae, Perideridia, Scandiceae, Smyrnieae, Aciphylla, Anisotome, Pyramidoptereae, Heracleum, Peucedaneae, Cymopterus, Lomatium.

The Apioideae are a major subgroup of apiaceous plants in which the flowers are pedicelled in umbers, with styles arising from stylopodia, and fruits are distinctly ribbed (Allan 1961).

<==Apioideae [Ammineae, Apieae]DK-DW00
|--HeteromorpheaeDK-DW00
| |--Heteromorpha Chamisso & Schlechtendal 1826 (nom. cons.)DK-DW00, PC85
| | |--H. arborescensDK-DW00
| | `--H. papillosaCV06
| `--+--Glia proliferaDK-DW00
| `--AnginonDK-DW00
| |--A. difformeLP16
| |--A. rugosumDK-DW00
| |--A. streyiCV06
| `--A. verticillatumLP16
`--+--BupleurumDK-DW00
`--+--PleurospermeaeDK-DW00
`--+--+--Komarovia anisospermaDK-DW00
| |--Parasilaus asiaticusDK-DW00
| `--‘Hansenia’ Turcz. 1884 nec Karst. 1879 nec Zopf 1883DK-DW00, KC01
`--+--Erigenia Nuttall 1818DK-DW00, PC85 [Erigenieae]
| `--E. bulbosaDK-DW00
`--+--OenantheaeDK-DW00
| | i. s.: Berula erectaDK-DW00, H93
| | NeogoeziaDK-DW00
| | Cynosciadium de Candolle 1829DK-DW00, PC85 [Cynosciadieae]
| | Lilaeopsis Greene 1891DK-DW00, A61
| | |--L. lacustris Hill 1927 [incl. Crantzia lineata Hooker 1853 non Nutt. 1818]A61
| | |--L. masoniiH93
| | |--L. novae-zelandiae (Dand.) Hill 1927 [=Crantzia novae-zelandiae Gandoger 1918]A61
| | |--L. occidentalisH93
| | |--L. orbicularis Hill 1928A61
| | `--L. polyanthaGK00
| | HelosciadumDK-DW00
| | |--H. leptophyllumC55a
| | `--H. nodiflorumC55b
| |--PerideridiaDK-DW00
| `--+--+--Cryptotaenia de Candolle 1829 (nom. cons.)DK-DW00, PC85 [Cryptotaenieae]
| | | `--C. japonicaDK-DW00
| | `--+--Oxypolis occidentalisDK-DW00
| | `--Sium Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, PC85 [Sieae]
| | |--S. latifoliumDK-DW00
| | `--S.suave [incl. S. cicutaefolium, S. lineare]C52
| `--+--Oenanthe Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, PC85
| | |--O. aquaticaW17
| | |--O. crocataC52
| | |--O. pimpinelloidesH93
| | `--O. sarmentosaH93
| `--Cicuta Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, PC85 [Cicutae, Cicuteae]
| |--C. douglasiiH93
| |--C. maculataH93
| | |--C. m. var. maculataH93
| | |--C. m. var. angustifolia [incl. C. occidentalis, C. valida]H93
| | `--C. m. var. bolanderiH93
| `--C. virosa Linnaeus 1753UP03
`--+--ScandiceaeDK-DW00
|--+--‘Ligusticum’ canadenseDK-DW00
| |--‘Ligusticum’ porteriDK-DW00
| `--ConioselinumDK-DW00
| |--*C. tataricumDK-DW00
| |--C. chinenseDK-DW00
| |--C. pacificumH93
| `--C. scopulorumDK-DW00
|--+--SmyrnieaeDK-DW00
| `--AciphylleaeDK-DW00
| |--AciphyllaDK-DW00
| |--AnisotomeDK-DW00
| |--GingidiaDK-DW00
| |--LignocarpaDK-DW00
| `--ScandiaDK-DW00
| |--S. geniculataP04
| `--S. rosifoliaW96 (see below for synonymy)
`--+--Aegopodium cladeDK-DW00
| | i. s.: Aegokeras [incl. Olymposciadium]DK-DW00
| | RhabdosciadiumDK-DW00
| | GrammosciadiumDK-DW00
| | Cyclospermum leptophyllumDK-DW00, K10
| |--AegopodiumDK-DW00
| | |--A. alpestreDK-DW00
| | `--A. podagrariaHM07
| `--+--Falcaria vulgarisDK-DW00
| `--+--Fuernrohria setifoliaDK-DW00
| `--Carum Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, PC85 [Carea, Careae]
| |--C. carviO88
| |--C. multiflorumS98
| `--C. petroselinumC06
|--+--+--Conium Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, PC85 [Conieae]
| | | `--C. maculatumDK-DW00
| | |--+--Prangos pabulariaDK-DW00
| | | `--+--Smyrniopsis aucheriDK-DW00
| | | `--Opopanax hispidusDK-DW00
| | `--Pimpinella Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, PC85 [Pimpinelleae]
| | |--P. anisumKSM06
| | |--P. peregrinaDK-DW00
| | |--P. saxifragaWH02
| | `--P. tibetanicaO88
| `--+--Capnophyllum Gaertner 1790DK-DW00, PC85 [Capnophylleae]
| | `--C. dichotomumDK-DW00
| `--+--+--Anethum L. 1753DK-DW00
| | | `--A. graveolens L. 1753L95
| | `--+--Ridolfia segetumDK-DW00
| | `--Foeniculum Miller 1754DK-DW00, L95 [Foeniculeae]
| | |--F. officionaleBM76
| | `--F. vulgare Miller 1768 (see below for synonymy)L95
| `--Apium Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, A61
| |--A. annuumGK00
| |--A. australe Thouars 1804 (see below for synonymy)A61
| | |--A. a. var. australeA61
| | |--A. a. var. angustisectum Wolff 1927A61
| | `--A. a. var. latisectum Wolff 1927A61
| |--A. dulceTG88
| |--A. filiforme (Rich.) Hooker 1852 (see below for synonymy)A61
| |--A. graveolens Linnaeus 1753CanDoy07
| `--A. nodiflorumCS77
`--+--PyramidoptereaeDK-DW00
`--+--Arafoe aromaticaDK-DW00
|--Coriandrum Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, L95 [Coriandraceae, Coriandreae]
| `--C. sativum L. 1753L95
|--+--‘Ferula’ assa-foetidaDK-DW00
| `--ThyseliumDK-DW00 [incl. Thysselinum Hoffm. 1814 non Adans. 1763BGS05]
| `--T. palustre [=Peucedanum palustre]BGS05
|--+--Cnidiocarpa alaicaDK-DW00
| |--Cnidium silaifoliumDK-DW00
| |--'Ligusticum’ physospermifoliumDK-DW00
| `--Coristospermum [=Coritospermum]BGS05
| |--C. cuneifolium [=Ligusticum lucidum ssp. cuneifolium]BGS05
| |--C. ferulaceumBGS05 [=Ligusticum ferulaceumDK-DW00]
| |--C. lucidum [incl. Ligusticum lucidum ssp. huteri]BGS05
| `--C. seguieri (Jacq.) Banfi, Galasso & Soldano 2005 (see below for synonymy)BGS05
|--Heracleum cladeDK-DW00
| |--HeracleumDK-DW00
| |--Zosima orientalisDK-DW00
| `--Tordylium Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, PC85 [Tordyliinae, Tordylineae]
| |--T. aegaeumPT98
| |--T. aegyptiacumDK-DW00
| |--T. apulumPT98
| |--T. maximumH91
| `--T. parvifloraC55b
`--+--PeucedaneaeDK-DW00
|--Chymsydia colchicaDK-DW00
|--Imperatoria ostruthiumDK-DW00 [=Peucedanum ostruthiumC55b]
|--+--Endressia Gay 1832DK-DW00, PC85 [Endressieae, Endressioideae]
| | `--E. castellanaDK-DW00
| `--Seseli Linnaeus 1753DK-DW00, PC85 [Seselineae]
| |--S. diffusum [incl. S. indicum]VS73
| |--S. kryloviiDK-DW00
| `--S. libanotisDK-DW00
|--Rocky Mountain umbellifersDK-DW00
| | i. s.: CymopterusDK-DW00
| | LomatiumDK-DW00
| | MusineonDK-DW00
| | NeoparryaDK-DW00
| | Podistera nevadensisDK-DW00, H93
| | TaenidiaDK-DW00
| |--Shoshonea pulvinataDK-DW00
| `--+--Zizia aureaDK-DW00
| `--Thaspium Nuttall 1818DK-DW00, PC85 [Thaspieae]
| `--T. pinnatifidumDK-DW00
`--Arracacia cladeDK-DW00
| i. s.: DahliaphyllumDK-DW00
| DonnellsmithiaDK-DW00
| EnantiophyllaDK-DW00
| CoaxanaDK-DW00
| MathiasellaDK-DW00
|--+--'Arracacia’ brandegeiDK-DW00
| |--Coulterophytum laxumDK-DW00
| |--Prionosciadium turneriDK-DW00
| `--Rhodosciadium argutumDK-DW00
`--+--Myrrhidendron donnell-smithiiDK-DW00
`--Arracacia Bancroft 1828DK-DW00, L95
|--A. nelsoniiDK-DW00
`--A. xanthorrhiza Bancroft 1825 [incl. A. esculenta DC. 1830]L95

Apioideae incertae sedis:
Tana bojerianaLWT03
DiplaspisT00
DichosciadiumT00
KlotzschiaT00
Stilbocarpa Gray 1854T00, A61
`--S. polaris (Homb. & Jacq.) Gray 1854 [=Aralia polaris Homb. & Jacq. ex Hooker 1844]A61
Azilia eryngioidesDK-DW00
Cortia depressaDK-DW00
Karatavia kultiassoviiDK-DW00
Lithosciadium multicauleDK-DW00
Phlojodicarpus popoviiDK-DW00
SpermolepisDK-DW00
|--S. echinataH93
`--S. inermisDK-DW00
Sphaenolobium tianschanicumDK-DW00
Tommasinia verticillarisDK-DW00 [=Peucedanum verticillareBGS05]
MulineaeT00
Coxella Cheesem. & Hemsl. 1911A61
`--C. dieffenbachii (Muell.) Cheesem. & Hemsl. 1911 (see below for synonymy)A61
Ammi Linnaeus 1753 [Amminae]PC85
|--A. majusAGF98
`--A. visnagaH93
EchinophoreaeDK-DW00
|--DicyclophoraDK-DW00
|--PycnocyclaDK-DW00
`--Echinophora Linnaeus 1753PC85
`--E. spinosaC74
DeverraDK-DW00
|--D. fallaxD17
|--D. scopariaD17
`--D. triradiataDK-DW00
Naufraga balearicaDK-DW00
Petroselinum Hill 1756DK-DW00, L95
|--P. crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex Hill (see below for synonymy)L95
|--P. sativumMH98
`--P. segetumTG88
OligocladusCalDow07
AnnesorhizaCalDow07
LichtensteiniaCalDow07
|--L. obscuraCalDow07
`--+--L. laceraCalDow07
`--L. trifidaCalDow07
CarlesiaLP16
DiplolophiumLP16
EzosciadiumLP16
ChamareaLP16
Marlothiella gummiferaLP16, CV06

Apium australe Thouars 1804 [incl. A. prostratum Labill. 1804, Petroselinum prostratum DC. 1830]A61

Apium filiforme (Rich.) Hooker 1852 [=Petroselinum filiforme Rich. 1832, A. prostratum var. filiforme Kirk 1899]A61

Coristospermum seguieri (Jacq.) Banfi, Galasso & Soldano 2005 [=Selinum seguieri Jacq. 1770, Ligusticum lucidum ssp. seguieri]BGS05

Coxella dieffenbachii (Muell.) Cheesem. & Hemsl. 1911 [=Gingidium dieffenbachii Muell. 1864, Aciphylla dieffenbachii Kirk 1899, Angelica dieffenbachii Benth. & Hooker 1867, Ligusticum dieffenbachii Hooker 1867]A61

Foeniculum vulgare Miller 1768 [incl. Anethum funiculum L. 1753, F. funiculum (L.) Karsten 1882]L95

Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex Hill [=Apium crispum Mill. 1768; incl. A. petroselinum L. 1753, Wydleria portoricensis DC. 1829]L95

Scandia rosifoliaW96 [=Angelica rosaefolia Hooker 1843W96, Anisotome rosaefolia Hooker 1853A61; incl. Ligusticum aromaticum Banks & Solander ms non Hooker 1864W96]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

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[BGS05] Banfi, E., G. Galasso & A. Soldano. 2005. Notes on systematics and taxonomy for the Italian vascular flora. 1. Atti Soc. It. Sci. Nat. Museo Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano 146 (2): 219–244.

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