Apion

 Clover seed weevil Apion apricans, copyright Aleksandrs Balodis.

Belongs within: Apionini.

Apion is a cosmopolitan genus of straight-snouted beetles of uncertain circumscription, essentially containing less specialised members of the Apionini. Core members of the genus in the Holarctic realm are associated with Polygonaceae (Anderson & Kissinger 2002). Members of the subgenus Perapion differ from Apion sensu stricto in their confluent mesocoxal cavities and edentate tarsal claws (Zimmerman 1994).

Apion Herbst 1797 (see below for synonymy)AK02
|--A. (Apion)MPJ18
| |--*A. (A.) frumentarium (Linnaeus 1758)Z94, HF03 [=Curculio frumentariusZ94]
| `--A. (A.) curtirostre Germar 1817MPJ18
`--A. (Perapion Wagner 1907)MPJ18, Z94 (see below for synonymy)
|--A. (*P.) curtirostreMPJ18, Z94
|--A. (P.) antiquum Gyllenhal 1833Z94
|--‘Perapion’ marseuli (Wencker 1864)HF03
|--‘Perapion’ neofallaxZ94
`--A. (P.) violaceumC01, Z94

Apion incertae sedis:
A. aemulum Lea 1898Z94
A. albopilosum Lucas 1846E12
A. amabile Lea 1898Z94
A. andalusiacum Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. angustatumB88
A. angustissimum Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. apricansC01
A. argutulum Pascoe 1874Z94
A. astragaliR26
A. astri Lea 1926Z94
A. aurichalaceumZ94
A. basiinflatum Lea 1926 [incl. A. torresianum Lea 1926]Z94
A. binotatum Lea 1898Z94
A. bipartirostre Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. brassicaeR26
A. brevirostreC01
A. caerulescensR26
A. canescens Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. carduorumS00
A. carpophagum Lea 1898Z94
A. ciliare Desbrochers des Loges 1890DL90a
A. comosum Pascoe 1874M86
A. condensatum Lea 1898Z94
A. confluensC01
A. congestum Lea 1910Z94
A. congruum Lea 1898Z94
A. convexipenne Lea 1910Z94
A. craccaeC01
A. cruentatumDL90b
A. cyaneumR26
A. dichroumC01
A. difficileC01
A. distans Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. distincticolleDL90b
A. distinctirostreDL90b
A. ebeninumC01
A. elongatumDL89
A. fausti Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. fossicolle Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. foveicolle Lea 1898Z94
A. fuscosuturale Lea 1898Z94
A. godmaniZ94
A. hoblerae Lea 1915Z94
A. hookeriHW96
A. immundum Lea 1898Z94
A. integricolle Lea 1898 [incl. A. anthidium Lea 1898]Z94
A. juncorumR26
A. kirbyiR26
A. lativentreML05
A. leachiiR26
A. longithorax Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. longitubus Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. macleayense Lea 1926 [=A. inornatum Lea 1910 (preoc.)]Z94
A. melvillense Lea 1926Z94
A. microscopicum Lea 1910Z94
A. miniatumZ94
A. nigrosuturale Lea 1910Z94
A. nigroterminale Lea 1915Z94
A. niveodispersum Lea 1910Z94
A. obscuransR26
A. pallipesR26
A. parvocastaneum Lea 1926Z94
A. philanthum Lea 1898Z94
A. pictipes Lea 1926Z94
A. pilistriatum Lea 1910Z94
A. pisiC01
A. provinciale Desbrochers des Loges 1889DL89
A. pubescensC01
A. pudicum Lea 1896Z94
A. pulicare Pascoe 1874Z94
A. quadricolor Lea 1926Z94
A. rivulare Lea 1926Z94
A. semicaerulans Desbrochers des Loges 1890DL90a
A. seniculusC01
A. solani Lea 1898 [incl. A. orthodoxum Lea 1926]Z94
A. spenceiC01
A. subopacum Lea 1910Z94
A. tasmanicum Lea 1910Z94
A. teretirostre Lea 1898Z94
A. terraereginae Blackburn 1892Z94
A. terricolaZ94
A. trifoliiC01
A. turbidum Lea 1910Z94
A. unicolorR26
A. varipesC01
A. vertebrale Lea 1910Z94
A. viciaeC01
A. violaceumC01
A. virensC01
A. voraxDL89

Apion Herbst 1797 [=Apium Agassiz 1846 non Linnaeus 1753 (ICBN); incl. Apiolum Kirby 1808, Apionus Rafinesque 1814, Apius Billberg 1820 non Panzer 1806, Erythrapion Schilsky 1906, Oxeostomum Gistel 1856, Oxystomum Gistel 1856]AK02

Apion (Perapion Wagner 1907)MPJ18, Z94 [incl. Eroosapion Ehret 1994AK02, Hemiperapion Wagner 1930AK02, Rhaphidoplectron Alonso-Zarazaga 1990AK02]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AK02] Anderson, R. S., & D. G. Kissinger. 2002. Brentidae Billberg 1820. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 711–719. CRC Press.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[DL89] Desbrochers des Loges, J. 1889. Diagnoses de nouvelles espèces des genres Apion et Rhynchites. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: xxxiii–xxxv.

[DL90a] Desbrochers des Loges, J. 1890a. Diagnoses de quatre curculionides nouveaux de l’Algérie. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: ccxv–ccxvi.

[DL90b] Desbrochers des Loges, J. 1890b. Quelques observations au sujet de la synonymie de diverses espèces du genre Scythropus et de plusieurs autres espèces du même groupe. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: ccxxv–ccxxvi.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[HF03] Halperin, J., & J. Fremuth. 2003. Contribution to the knowledge of Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) and their host plants in Israel. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 93–100.

[HW96] Hoebeke, E. R., & A. G. Wheeler Jr. 1996. Meligethes viridescens (F.) (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in Maine, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island: diagnosis, distribution, and bionomics of a Palearctic species new to North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (2): 221–227.

[ML05] Marvaldi, A. E., & A. A. Lanteri. 2005. Key to higher taxa of South American weevils based on adult characters (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea). Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 78: 65–87.

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part V. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (3): 585–686.

[MPJ18] Mugu, S., D. Pistone & B. H. Jordal. 2018. New molecular markers resolve the phylogenetic position of the enigmatic wood-boring weevils Platypodinae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 76 (1): 45–58.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[S00] Siddiqi, M. R. 2000. Tylenchida: Parasites of plants and insects 2nd ed. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[Z94] Zimmerman, E. C. 1994. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 2. Brentidae, Eurhynchidae, Apionidae and a chapter on immature stages by Brenda May. CSIRO Australia.

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