Javan hawk-eagle Nisaetus bartelsi, copyright Eko Prastyo.

Belongs within: Accipitridae.
Contains: Aquila.

The Aquilinae, booted eagles, are a cosmopolitan group of large eagles characterised by feathered tarsi (Lerner & Mindell 2005).

<==Aquilinae LM05
|–+–Stephanoaetus coronatus JT12
|  `–Nisaetus JT12
|       |  i. s.: N. floris JT12
|       |–+–N. lanceolatus JT12 [=Spizaetus lanceolatus LM05]
|       |  `–+–N. cirrhatus JT12 [=Spizaetus cirrhatus LM05]
|       |     |    |–N. c. cirrhatus LM05
|       |     |    `–‘Spizaetus’ c. lineatus LM05
|       |     `–N. philippensis JT12
|       `–+–N. nanus JT12 [=Spizaetus nanus LM05]
|          `–+–N. nipalensis JT12 [=Spizaetus nipalensis LM05]
|             |    |–N. n. nipalensis I92
|             |    `–‘Spizaetus’ n. orientalis Temminck & Schlegel 1844 I92
|             `–+–N. alboniger JT12
|                `–N. bartelsi JT12
`–+–+–‘Spizaetus’ tyrannus JT12
|  `–+–Spizastur melanoleucus LM05 [=Spizaetus melanoleucus JT12]
|     `–+–Oroaetus isidori LM05 [=Spizaetus isidori JT12]
|        `–Spizaetus Vieillot 1816 JT12, B94 [Spizaetinae]
|             |–S. bellicosus FP64
|             |–S. coronatus WH02
|             |–S. grinnelli WH02
|             `–S. ornatus JT12
`–+–Lophotriorchis kienerii JT12 [=Hieraaetus kienerii LM05]
`–+–Polemaetus Heine 1890 JT12, M02
|    `–P. bellicosus JT12
`–+–+–Lophaetus occipitalis JT12
|  `–+–Ictinaetus malayensis JT12
|     `–+–‘Aquila’ hastata JT12 [=A. pomarina hastata LM05]
|        `–+–‘Aquila’ clanga JT12
|           `–‘Aquila’ pomarina JT12
`–+–Aquila JT12
`–Hieraaetus Kaup 1844 JT12, CC10 [incl. Harpagornis Haast 1872 CC10]
|  i. s.: H. edwardsi (Sharpe 1899) (see below for synonymy) M02
|–H. wahlbergi LM05 [=Aquila wahlbergi JT12, Spizaetus wahlbergi LM05]
`–+–H. ayresii JT12
`–+–H. morphnoides (Gould 1840) LM05, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
`–+–*H. pennatus (Gmelin 1788) CC10, JT12, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
|–H. moorei (Haast 1872) CC10 (see below for synonymy)
`–H. weiskei JT12 [=H. morphnoides weiskei LM05]

Hieraaetus edwardsi (Sharpe 1899) [=Eutolmaetus edwardsi, Aquila edwardsi, Nisaetus edwardsi, Aquila minuta Milne-Edwards 1871 non Brehm 1831] M02

Hieraaetus moorei (Haast 1872) CC10 [=*Harpagornis moorei CC10, BKB15, Aquila moorei CC10; incl. Ha. assimilis Haast 1874 CC10]

Hieraaetus morphnoides (Gould 1840) LM05, WS48 [=Aquila morphnoides WS48; incl. A. morphnoides coongani Mathews 1912 WS48]

*Hieraaetus pennatus (Gmelin 1788) CC10, JT12, CC10 [=Falco pennatus CC10, Aquila pennata CC10; incl. A. minuta Brehm 1831 M02]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[LM05] Lerner, H. R. L., & D. P. Mindell. 2005. Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 327–346.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *