European garden spider Araneus diadematus, copyright Böhringer Friedrich.

Belongs within: Araneidae.

Araneus is a genus of orb-weaving spiders including the European garden spider Araneus diadematus and related species. The name has been used in a much broader sense in the past (at its broadest, as a generic name for all spiders); many of the species listed below would now be placed in segregate genera.

The type species Araneus angulatus is a widespread species in the Palaearctic region characterised by angular lateral humps on the opisthosoma, which is mostly dark with a light cross-shaped marking between the humps. The European garden spider A. diadematus has a similar colour pattern but lacks the prominent angular humps. The marbled orbweaver A. marmoreus is widespread across the Holarctic realm; females have a subspherical abdomen that may be orange with dark marbling or paler with a dark patch near the rear. The barn spider A. cavaticus of North America has a round abdomen and is predominantly yellow and brown in coloration.

<==Araneus Clerck 1757SC20 (see below for synonymy)
|--A. diadematus Clerck 1757SC20, G76 (see below for synonymy)
`--+--A. marmoreus Clerck 1757SC20, G76 [=Epeira marmoreaK01]
`--+--A. cavaticus (Keyserling 1881)SC20, B11
`--A. gemmoidesSC20

Araneus incertae sedis:
*A. angulatus Clerck 1757G76 [=Aranea angulataAM11, Epeira angulataK01]
A. acuminatus (K. 1871) [=Epeira acuminata]R13
‘Epeira’ albomaculata Lucas 1846E12
‘Epeira’ albotriangula Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ alpicaK01
A. alsine Walckenaer 1802G76 [=Aranea alsineS06, Epeira alsineK01]
A. anantnagensis Tikader & Bal 1981TB81
‘Epeira’ anatipes Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ annulata Koch & Keyserling 1886KK90
‘Epeira’ anseripes Walckenaer 1841 [incl. Cyclosa melanura Simon 1877]KK90
‘Epeira’ arenacea Koch & Keyserling 1886KK90
‘Epeira’ armidaK01
‘Aranea’ arundinacea Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Epeira’ balanus Doleschall 1859D59
‘Epeira’ bertkani Koch & Keyserling 1890KK90
‘Aranea’ betulae Sulz. 1776S06
A. biapicatifer Strand 1907 [=Aranea biapicatifera]J98
‘Epeira’ bifida Doleschall 1859D59
A. bilunifer (Pocock 1900)HU08
‘Aranea’ bipunctata Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Aranea’ bivittata Risso 1826R26
‘Epeira’ bogoriensis Doleschall 1859D59
‘Epeira’ bradleyi Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
A. brisbanae (Koch 1867)PVD10 [=Epeira brisbanaeKK90]
A. brounii Urquhart 1844S99 [=Aranea brouniM54]
‘Aranea’ caementariaL02a
‘Aranea’ calophylla Walckenaer 1802G76
‘Epeira’ caputlupi Doleschall 1859D59
‘Epeira’ carbonariaK01
A. cingulatusDC01
A. circe Savigny & Audouin 1825G76 [=Epeira circeK01]
‘Epeira’ circulissparsa Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ collina Koch & Keyserling 1886KK90
‘Aranea’ corollata Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Epeira’ coronata Rainbow 1897R97
‘Epeira’ cossoni Sim. 1885K01
‘Epeira’ cyrtarachnoides Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ dehaanii Doleschall 1859D59
A. depressus Rainbow 1898M72
‘Aranea’ dorsalisL02b
‘Aranea’ dumetorum Vill. 1789 [incl. Epeira formosa, E. hilaris]S06
A. eburnus (Keyserling 1886)F11 [=Epeira eburnaKK90]
A. ejusmodi Bösenberg & Strand 1906AM11
‘Epeira’ enucleata Karsch 1879K92
‘Epeira’ ephippiataK92
‘Epeira’ exanthematica Doleschall 1859KK90
A. exsertusMC13
‘Aranea’ exusta Petrunkevitch 1963P92
‘Epeira’ fastidiosa Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ ficta Rainbow 1896R96
‘Aranea’ flavissima Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Aranea’ frischi Scop. 1763S06
‘Epeira’ furcifera Koch & Keyserling 1886KK90
‘Epeira’ geniculataD57
A. gibbosus Walckenaer 1802G76 [=Epeira gibbosaV09, Gibbaranea gibbosaG76]
A. grossus Koch 1845G76 [=Epeira grossaK01]
‘Epeira’ heroine Koch 1871KK90
‘Aranea’ heteropthalmaL02b
A. himalayaensis Tikader 1975TB81
‘Epeira’ himalayana Sim. 1889K01
‘Epeira’ hirsutula Stoliczka 1869S69
‘Epeira’ hispida Doleschall 1859D59
‘Epeira’ idonea Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Aranea’ incestifica Keys. 1893S06
‘Epeira’ inconspicuaK01
‘Epeira’ indistincta Doleschall 1859D59
‘Epeira’ inquieta Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ insularisK18
A. ivieiDC01
‘Epeira’ junghuhnii Doleschall 1859D59
‘Epeira’ juniperiK18
‘Epeira’ kuhlii Doleschall 1859D59
‘Epeira’ labyrintheaB06
‘Epeira’ lancearia Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Aranea’ lapidariaL02b
A. lathyrinus (Holmberg 1875) [=Metepeira lathyrina]AM11
‘Aranea’ leuwenhoeki Scopoli 1763S06
‘Aranea’ levipes Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Aranea’ lineata Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Epeira lineata’ Lucas 1846 non Aranea lineata Linnaeus 1758E12
‘Epeira’ lodicula Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
A. lutulentus (Koch & Keyserling 1886)MC13, KK90 [=Epeira lutulentaKK90]
‘Epeira’ malabaricaD57
‘Epeira’ mamillana Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ manipa Doleschall 1857D57
‘Epeira’ margaritacea Risso 1826R26
‘Epeira margaritacea’ Doleschall 1859 non Risso 1826D59
‘Epeira’ marmorata Risso 1826R26
‘Epeira’ mediocris Kulczyński 1901K01
A. miniatusDC01
‘Epeira’ moluccensis Doleschall 1857D57
A. mongolicus Simon 1895 [=Araneus (Epeira) mongolicus]S95
‘Epeira’ mulieraria Koch & Keyseling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ necopina Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Aranea’ nidulansL99
‘Epeira’ nigropunctataKK90
‘Epeira’ nigrotarsalis Doleschall 1859D59
A. nordmanni Thorell 1856G76 [=Aranea nordmanniS06]
A. notandus Rainbow 1912M72
‘Aranea’ notata Linnaeus 1758L58
A. nympha Simon 1889TB81
‘Aranea’ obesa (Hentz 1875)S06
‘Epeira’ obtusata Karsch 1892K92
‘Aranea’ ocellata Linnaeus 1758L58
A. omoeda Thorell 1856 [=Gibbaranea omoeda]G76
‘Epeira’ orichalcea Doleschall 1857D57
A. pahalgaonensis Tikader & Bal 1981TB81
A. panchganiensis Tikader & Bal 1981TB81
‘Epeira’ paradoxa Lucas 1846E12
A. pegniaDC01
‘Aranea’ perita Latreille 1799L99
‘Epeira’ phthisicaKK90
A. potanini Simon 1895 [=Araneus (Epeira) potanini]S95
A. pratensisDC01
‘Aranea’ proxima (Kulcz. 1885)S06 [=Epeira proximaK01]
‘Epeira’ psittacina Koch in Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ pyramidataK92
A. quadratus Clerck 1757G76 [=Epeira quadrataK01]
‘Aranea’ quadripunctata Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Epeira’ quaesita Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ queribunda Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ quieta Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ rabiosula Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ radja Doleschall 1857D57
‘Epeira’ ramulosa Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ rara Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Aranea’ raui Strand 1907J98
‘Aranea’ rayi Scop. 1763S06
‘Aranea’ reaumuri Scop. 1763 [incl. A. reaumuri var. groenlandicola Strand 1906]S06
‘Aranea’ redimita Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Aranea’ relucensL02b
‘Aranea’ reticulata Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Epeira’ rhodosternon Doleschall 1859D59
A. rhombocephalusMC13
‘Aranea’ riparia Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Epeira’ rotundula Koch in Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ rubicundula Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Aranea’ rufipes Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Aranea’ rupestris Linnaeus 1758L58
A. saevus Koch 1872G76 [=Epeira saevaK01]
‘Epeira’ scutifera Koch & Keyserling 1886KK90
‘Epeira’ sericeaS69
‘Aranea’ sexpunctata Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Aranea’ silvaticaS06
‘Epeira’ similaris Rainbow 1896R96
‘Epeira’ solersK18
‘Epeira’ solitaria Emerton 1884K01
‘Epeira’ spectabilis Doleschall 1859D59
‘Aranea’ spinosa Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Epeira’ squamifera Koch & Keyserling 1886KK90
‘Epeira’ stigmatisata Karsch 1878K92
‘Epeira’ stolida Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ strixK18 [=Aranea strixS06]
A. sturmiV09
A. sublutia (Urquhart 1892) [=Epeira sublutia]NS00
‘Epeira’ suspicax Cambridge 1876K01
‘Epeira’ sydneyica Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ tabidaKK90
‘Epeira’ talipedata Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
A. tartaricus [=A. (Epeira) tartaricus]S95
‘Epeira’ theodori Thorell 1894 [=E. (Singa) theodori]T94
‘Epeira’ thomisoides Duf. 1855K92
A. transmarinus (Keyserling 1865)G84, KK90 [=Epeira transmarinaKK90; incl. E. producta Koch 1867KK90]
A. transversus Rainbow 1912M72
A. trifolium (Hentz 1875)DC01, S06 [=Aranea trifoliumS06]
‘Epeira’ trituberculata Lucas 1846E12
‘Aranea’ truncorum Linnaeus 1758L58
A. ullrichi (Hahn 1834) [=Epeira ullrichii, Gibbaranea ullrichii]G76
A. undatus (Oliv. 1789)V09, S06 [=Aranea undataS06]
‘Epeira’ unicolor Doleschall 1857D57
‘Epeira’ urbana Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ usualis Koch & Keyserling 1887KK90
‘Epeira’ vallata Koch & Keyserling 1886KK90
‘Epeira’ variegata Risso 1826R26
A. ventricosus (Koch 1878)AM11 (see below for synonymy)
A. verrucosus (Walckenaer 1841) [=Epeira verrucosa]S99
‘Aranea’ viatica Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Epeira’ victoria [incl. E. victoria var. orientalis Kulczyński 1901 non E. orientalis Urquhart 1887]K01
‘Epeira’ viriditusM54
‘Epeira’ vulgarisK18
‘Epeira’ wagneri Rainbow 1896R96
‘Aranea’ westringi (Thorell 1856)S06 [=Epeira westringiiK01]
‘Epeira’ wittfeldaeB06

Nomen nudum: Epeira borealisS06

Araneus Clerck 1757SC20 [incl. Agalenatea Archer 1951G76, Aranea Linnaeus 1758G76, Burgessia McCook 1894TB81, Conepeira Archer 1951TB81, Epeira Latreille 1810G76, Neopora Simon 1864TB81]

Araneus diadematus Clerck 1757SC20, G76 [=Araneus (Epeira) diadematusS95, Aranea diademataC01, Epeira diademataK01; incl. *Aranea diadema Linnaeus 1758G76, Araneus diademaAM11, *Epeira diademaG76, Aranea diadema var. islandica Strand 1906 (n. n.)S06]

Araneus ventricosus (Koch 1878)AM11 [=Aranea ventricosusAM11, Epeira ventricosaK01; incl. E. senta Karsch 1879K01, Araneus (Epeira) sentusS95]

*Type species of generic name indicated


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