Asparagaceae

Asparagus fern Asparagus setaceus, copyright Forest & Kim Starr.

Belongs within: Petrosaviidae.

The genus Asparagus includes the cultivated asparagus A. officinalis and related species. Members of the genus have reduced, scale-like leaves, whose overall appearance give many species the vernacular name of asparagus ferns.

<==Asparagaceae [Asparagineae, Asparagoideae]EN20
    |--HemiphylacusEN20
    `--Asparagus Linnaeus 1753CC87
         |  i. s.: A. abyssinicusEN20
         |         A. acerosusB78
         |         A. acutifoliusPT98
         |         A. adscendensSS72
         |         A. aphyllus Linnaeus 1753PL04
         |           |--A. a. ssp. aphyllusPT98
         |           `--A. a. ssp. orientalisPT98
         |         A. cooperi [=Protasparagus cooperi]K02
         |         A. crassicladus Jessop 1966 [=Protasparagus crassicladus (Jessop) Obermeyer 1983]EN20
         |         A. filicinusSS72
         |         A. juniperoides Engler 1889 [=Myrsiphyllum juniperoides (Engler) Obermeyer 1984]EN20
         |         A. laricinus [=Protasparagus laricinus]K02
         |         A. lucidusEN20
         |         A. mucronatus Jessop 1966 [=Protasparagus mucronatus (Jessop) Obermeyer 1992]EN20
         |         A. multituberosus Dyer 1954 [=Myrsiphyllum multituberosum (Dyer) Obermeyer 1984]EN20
         |         A. ovatus Salter 1940 [=Myrsiphyllum ovatum (Salter) Obermeyer 1984]EN20
         |         A. oxyacanthus Baker 1875 [=Protasparagus oxyacanthus (Baker) Obermeyer 1983]EN20
         |         A. setaceus (Kunth) Jessop 1966EN20, CC87 [=Asparagopsis setacea Kunth 1850CC87]
         |         A. striatus (Linné) Thunberg 1794 (see below for synonymy)EN20
         |         A. tenuifoliusH91
         |         A. undulatus (Linné) Thunberg 1794 (see below for synonymy)EN20
         |--*A. (subg. Asparagus) officinalis Linnaeus 1753CC87
         |--A. subg. MyrsiphyllumEN20 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--A. asparagoides (Linnaeus) Wight 1909EN20 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--A. declinatus L. 1753 [=Myrsiphyllum declinatum (L.) Oberm. 1984; incl. A. crispus Lam. 1783]CC87
         |    `--A. scandens Thunberg 1794 [=Myrsiphyllum scandens (Thunb) Oberm. 1984]CC87
         `--A. subg. ProtasparagusEN20 (see below for synonymy)
              |--A. aethiopicusEN20 (see below for synonymy)
              |--A. africanus Lam. 1783 [=Protasparagus africanus (Lam.) Oberm. 1983]CC87
              |--A. densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop 1966CC87 (see below for synonymy)
              |--A. plumosus Baker 1875 [=Protasparagus plumosus (Baker) Oberm. 1983]CC87
              |--A. racemosus Willd. 1799CC87 (see below for synonymy)
              `--A. virgatus Baker 1870 [=P. virgatus (Baker) Oberm. 1987]CC87

Asparagus subg. MyrsiphyllumEN20 [=Myrsiphyllum Willdenow 1808EN20, Hecatris Salisbury 1866 (nom. illeg.)EN20; incl. Elachanthera Mueller 1886CC87, Luzuriaga sect. Elachanthera (Mueller) Krause in Engler & Prantl 1930CC87]

Asparagus subg. ProtasparagusEN20 [=Protasparagus Obermeyer 1983CC87, Asparagopsis (Kunth) Kunth 1850 non Montagne 1841EN20, Asparagus subg. Asparagopsis (Kunth) Baker 1875CC87]

Asparagus aethiopicusEN20 [=*Asparagopsis aethiopica (L.) Kunth 1842CC87, *Protasparagus aethiopicus (L.) Oberm. 1983CC87]

Asparagus asparagoides (Linnaeus) Wight 1909EN20 [=Medeola asparagoides Linnaeus 1753CC87, *Hecatris asparagoides (Linnaeus) Salisbury 1866EN20, *Myrsiphyllum asparagoides (Linnaeus) Willdenow 1808CC87; incl. Medeola angustifolia Miller 1768 (nom. illeg.)EN20, Asparagus medeoloides var. angustifolius (Miller) Baker 1896 (nom. illeg.)EN20, Myrsiphyllum angustifolium (Miller) Willdenow 1808 (nom. illeg.)EN20, My. falciforme Kunth 1850EN20, Asparagus medeoloides var. falciformis (Kunth) Baker 1896EN20, A. kuisibensis Dinter 1931EN20, Dracaena medeoloides Linné 1782EN20, A. medeoloides (Linné) Thunberg 1794CC87, *Elachanthera sewelliae Mueller 1886K10, Luzuriaga sewelliae (Mueller) Krause in Engler & Prantl 1930CC87]

Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop 1966CC87 [=Asparagopsis densiflora Kunth 1850CC87, Asparagus sarmentosus var. densiflorus (Kunth) Baker 1875EN20, Protasparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Obermeyer 1983CC87; incl. Asparagus sarmentosus var. comatus Baker 1875EN20, Asparagus meyersii (nom. inv.)EN20, Asparagus myriocladus Baker 1889EN20, Asparagus sprengeri Regel 1890CC87, Asparagus aethiopicus var. ternifolius Baker 1871EN20, Asparagus ternifolius (Baker) Hooker 1900EN20]

Asparagus racemosus Willd. 1799CC87 [=Protasparagus racemosus (Willd.) Oberm. 1983CC87; incl. Asparagus acerosus Roxb. 1832CC87, Asparagopsis brownei Kunth 1850 (nom. illeg.)CC87, Asparagopsis decaisneiB78, Asparagus fasciculatus Br. 1810CC87, Asparagopsis floribundaB78]

Asparagus striatus (Linné) Thunberg 1794 [=Dracaena striata Linné 1781, Myrsiphyllum striatum (Linné) Kunth 1850, Protasparagus striatus (Linné) Obermeyer 1983; incl. Dracaena erecta Linné 1782, Asparagus erectus (Linné) Thunberg 1794, D. stricta Schultes 1828 (nom. inv.)]EN20

Asparagus undulatus (Linné) Thunberg 1794 [=Dracaena undulata Linné 1781, Myrsiphyllum undulatum (Linné) Kunth 1850; incl. Asparagus klinghardtianus Dinter 1931]EN20

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B78] Bentham, G. 1878. Flora Australiensis: A description of the plants of the Australian Territory vol. 7. Roxburghiaceae to Filices. L. Reeve & Co.: London.

[CC87] Clifford, H. T., J. G. Conran, J. B. Williams, R. J. F. Henderson, H. J. Hewson, E. M. Watson, G. J. Keighery, D. M. Churchill, I. R. H. Telford, A. Thongpukdee, N. H. Brittan, A. S. George, W. T. Stearn & T. D. Macfarlane. 1987. Liliaceae. Flora of Australia 45: 148–419.

[EN20] Eggli, U., & R. Nyffeler (eds) 2020. Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Monocotyledons 2nd ed. Springer.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[K10] Keighery, G. 2010. The naturalised vascular plants of the Pilbara region, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 78 (1): 299–311.

[K02] Krüger, M. 2002. Revision of the Afrotropical Ennominae of the Drepanogynis group IV: the genus Drepanogynis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Transvaal Museum Monograph 13: 1–220.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

[PL04] Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von Pennisetum orientale Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 209–223.

[SS72] Singh, V., & H. Singh. 1972. A contribution to the flora of Gangolihat block in Pithoragarh District. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 352–368.

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