Aulaciformes

Aulacus striatus, copyright Jesper Lund.

Belongs within: Evanioidea.
Contains: Gasteruption.

The Aulaciformes are a clade of parasitoid or larval predatory wasps characterised by the absence of the jugal lobe in the hind wing, fusion of the first and second metasomal terga, sexually dimorphic antennal segmentation, and elongate propleuron, and rigid attachment of the pronotum and mesepisternum (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). Members of the Aulacidae have the metasoma separated from the metanotum by more than the anterior width of the first metasomal tergite whereas Gasteruptiidae have the metasoma and metanotum closer together (Naumann 1991).

AulaciformesGE05
|--Manlaya Rasnitsyn 1980RM-D00 [BaissidaeGE05, Baissinae, Manlayinae]
| |--M. ansorgei Rasnitsyn & Martínez-Delclòs 2000RM-D00
| |--M. lacabrua Rasnitsyn & Ansorge 2000RM=D00
| |--M. laevinota Rasnitsyn 1986RJ93
| |--M. oculatissimaRM-D00
| `--M. pinguisRM-D00
`--+--Aulacidae [Aulacinae]GE05
| |--PristaulacusS96
| | |--P. bilobatusS96
| | |--P. canadensisS96
| | |--P. fasciatusS96
| | |--P. flavicrurusS96
| | |--P. nigerS96
| | |--P. resutorivorusS96
| | |--P. rufitarsisS96
| | |--P. stigmaterusS96
| | |--P. strangaliaeHR11
| | `--P. violaceusS96
| |--Aulacostethus apicalisR70
| |--Xuaulacites Hong 2002H02
| | `--*X. fushunensis Hong 2002H02
| `--AulacusN91
| |--A. aneurusS96
| |--A. apicalisA00
| |--A. brevicaudusS96
| |--A. burqueiPK17
| |--A. digitalisS96
| |--A. dispilisS96
| |--A. fusicornisR70
| |--A. impolitus Smith 1991S96
| |--A. loveiS96
| |--A. pallipesS96
| |--A. schiffi Smith 1996S96
| `--A. striatusA71
`--Gasteruptiidae [Gasteruptionidae, Kotujellidae]GE05
| i. s.: TillywhimiaR02
| OdontofoenusR70
|--KojutellitinaeGE05
|--GasteruptionN91
`--HyptiogastrinaeGE05
|--Hyptiogaster thoracicus (Guérin-Méneville 1844) [=Foenus thoracicus]P57
|--CrassifoenusN91
|--AulacofoenusN91
`--EufoenusN91

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A00] Ashmead, W. H. 1900. Notes on some New Zealand and Australian parasitic Hymenoptera, with descriptions of new genera and new species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1900 (3): 327–360.

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[HR11] Heraty, J., F. Ronquist, J. M. Carpenter, D. Hawks, S. Schulmeister, A. P. Dowling, D. Murray, J. Munro, W. C. Wheeler, N. Schiff & M. Sharkey. 2011. Evolution of the hymenopteran megaradiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60: 73–88.

[H02] Hong Y. 2002. Amber Insect of China. Beijing Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[P57] Pasteels, J. J. 1957. Revision du genre Gasteruption (Hymenoptera, Evanoidea, Gasteruptionidae). Espèces australiennes. Mémoires, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, sér. 2, 56: 1–125.

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

[R02] Rasnitsyn, A. P. 2002. Superorder Vespidea Laicharting, 1781. Order Hymenoptera Linné, 1758 (=Vespida Laicharting, 1781). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 242–254. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[RM-D00] Rasnitsyn, A. P., & X. Martínez-Delclòs. 2000. Wasps (Insecta: Vespida = Hymenoptera) from the Early Cretaceous of Spain. Acta Geologica Hispanica 35 (1–2): 65–95.

[R70] Riek, E. F. 1970. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 867–959. Melbourne University Press.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S96] Smith, D. R. 1996. Aulacidae (Hymenoptera) in the mid-Atlantic states, with a key to species of eastern North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (2): 274–291.

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