Batrachoseps

Black-bellied slender salamander Batrachoseps nigriventris, copyright Grigory Heaton.

Belongs within: Plethodontidae.

Batrachoseps is a genus of lungless salamanders with four toes on each foot found in western North America.

<==Batrachoseps Bonaparte 1839FG06
| i. s.: B. aridusUSDI77
| B. caudatusW06
|--B. (Plethopsis)JAW97
| |--B. (P.) campi Wake 1996JAW97, N10
| `--B. (P.) wrightiJAW97, PW11
`--+--+--+--B. diabolicusPW11
| | `--B. regiusPW11
| `--+--B. kawiaPW11
| `--B. relictusPW11
`--B. (Batrachoseps)JAW97
|--+--B. (B.) attenuatus (Eschscholtz 1833)PW11, W08
| `--+--B. (B.) gregariusPW11
| `--+--B. (B.) nigriventrisPW11
| `--B. (B.) simatusPW11
`--+--B. (B.) gabrieli Wake, Yanev & Hansen 2002PW11, W08
`--+--B. (B.) gavilanensisPW11
`--+--B. (B.) majorPW11 [=B. pacificus majorJAW97]
`--B. (B.) pacificusPW11

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[JAW97] Jackman, T. R., G. Applebaum & D. B. Wake. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships of bolitoglossine salamanders: a demonstration of the effects of combining morphological and molecular data sets. Molecular Biology and Evolution 14 (8): 883–891.

[N10] Naish, D. 2010. Tetrapod Zoology: Book One. CFZ Press: Bideford (UK).

[PW11] Pyron, R. A., & J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

[USDI77] United States Department of the Interior. 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants—republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420–36431.

[W08] Warburg, M. R. 2008. Temporal variations in body dimensions followed for 25 years in a breeding population of adult salamanders, with a partial review on other Urodela (Amphibia, Urodela, Salamandridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 81–101.

[W06] Werner, F. 1906. Die nördlichsten Reptilien und Batrachier. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 527–544. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

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