Blaberidae

Australian wood cockroach Panesthia cribrata, from Brisbane Insects.

Belongs within: Blattaria.
Contains: Derocalymma.

The Blaberidae are a diverse group of often stout, slow-moving cockroaches. In most species, the ootheca is retracted into a uterus after formation and nymphs are borne after hatching (Roth 1991).

Characters (from Rentz 1996): Size medium to large. Antenna usually less than half body length. Legs short, stout, generally smooth. Cerci short, sometimes unsegmented, seldom reaching hind margin of supra-anal plate. Male styles present or absent; hood-like genital phallomeres on right side, median phallomere rod-like. Female with extensible brood sac or atrium.

<==Blaberidae [Panchloridae]
    |  i. s.: GromphadorhinaV10
    |           |--G. laevigataMG06
    |           `--G. portentosa (Schaum 1853)V10
    |         Thorax porcellana Saussure 1862V10
    |         Phlebonotus pallens (Serville 1831)V10
    |         OulopteryxRD77
    |         Rhyparobia maderae (Fabr. 1781) [=Blatta maderae]K00
    |         Gyna caffrorum (Stål 1856) (see below for synonymy)K00
    |--Parasphaeria [Zetoborinae]GE05
    |    `--P. boleirianaGE05
    |--Pycnoscelus [Pycnoscelidae, Pycnoscelinae]R91
    |    |--P. indicusR91
    |    `--P. surinamensisR91
    |--DiplopteraV10 [DiplopterinaeR91]
    |    |--D. dytiscoidesWL09
    |    `--D. punctata Erschscholz 1822V10
    |--PanchloraV10 [PanchlorinaeR18]
    |    |--P. bidentula Hebard 1916R18
    |    |--P. exoleta Burmeister 1838R18
    |    `--P. thalassinaR15
    |--Oxyhaloinae [Chorisoneuridae]R96
    |    |--NauphoetaR96
    |    |    |--*N. griseaK00
    |    |    |--N. aspersata Kirby 1900K00
    |    |    |--N. cinereaR96
    |    |    `--N. circumvagansK00
    |    |--Paraneuphoeta rufipesR96
    |    |--ChorisoneuraR18
    |    |    |--C. minutaR15
    |    |    |--C. parishi Rehn 1918R18
    |    |    `--C. texensisBM76
    |    `--Oxyhaloa deusta (Thunb. 1822) (see below for synonymy)K00
    |--BlaberinaeR15
    |    |--Monastria biguttataR15
    |    |--Blaptica dubiaR15
    |    `--BlaberusWL09
    |         |--B. craniiferWL09
    |         |--B. discoidalisTC01
    |         |--B. giganteusRD77
    |         `--B. piracicabensisS96
    |--PanesthiinaeR96
    |    |--SalganeaV10 [SalganeiniR96]
    |    |--Ancaudellia serratissimaR91, A50
    |    |--HemipanesthiaM70
    |    `--Panesthia [Panesthiini]R96
    |         |--P. angustipennisA50
    |         |--P. australisR96
    |         |--P. cribrataR96
    |         |--P. laevicollisR91
    |         `--P. tryoniS01
    |--EpilamprinaeR96
    |    |--NeolaxtaR96
    |    |--Ataxigamia tateiR96, R91
    |    |--RhabdoblattaR96
    |    |--Molytria inquinataR96
    |    |--PseudocalolampraR91
    |    |--CalolampraR96
    |    |    |--C. asperaMC13
    |    |    `--C. irrorataR96
    |    |--LaxtaR96 [incl. OniscosomaM70]
    |    |    |--L. friedmaniR96
    |    |    `--L. granicollisR96 [=Oniscosoma granicollisT61]
    |    `--EpilampraR91
    |         |--E. conspersa Burmeister 1838R18
    |         |--E. grisea (DeGeer 1773) [=Blatta grisea; incl. E. lucifuga Rehn 1903]R18
    |         |--E. pardalina Walk. 1868K00
    |         |--E. stigmatiphoraR15
    |         `--E. verticalisR15
    |--GeoscapheinaeV10
    |    |--MacropanesthiaR96
    |    |    |--M. monteithiS96
    |    |    `--M. rhinocerosR96
    |    |--ParapanesthiaR96
    |    |    |--P. giganteaR96
    |    |    `--P. pearsoniS96
    |    |--NeogeoscapheusR96
    |    |    |--N. barbaraeS96
    |    |    |--N. dahmsiS96
    |    |    `--N. hirsutusS96
    |    `--GeoscapheusR96
    |         |--G. crenulatusS96
    |         |    |--G. c. crenulatusS96
    |         |    `--G. c. fraserensisS96
    |         |--G. dilatatusR96
    |         |--G. robustusR91
    |         `--G. rugulosusS96
    `--Perisphaeriinae [Perisphaeriidae]BP10
         |--Perisphaerus Serville 1831V10
         |--Cyrtotria Stål 1871BP10
         |    `--C. scabra (Walk. 1868) [=Perisphaeria scabra]K00
         |--Bantua Shelford 1908BP10
         |--Pilema Saussure 1873BP10
         |    |--P. saussurei Kirby 1900K00
         |    `--P. thoracica (Walk. 1868) [=Perisphaeria thoracica; incl. Pi. hebetata Sauss. 1895]K00
         |--HormeticaG37
         |--AntioquitaG37
         |--LitopeltisG37
         |--Acroporoblatta Hebard 1919G37
         |--GaliblattaG37
         |--ColapteroblattaG37
         |--StyphonG37
         |--Compsagis Chopard 1952BP10
         |    `--C. lesnei (Chopard 1952)V10
         |--Nauclidas Rehn 1930G37
         |    `--N. nigra (Brunner 1892) (see below for synonymy)G37
         |--Poroblatta Hebard 1919G37
         |    |--*P. cylindrica Hebard 1919G37
         |    |--P. apatelaG37
         |    |--P. bicolor Gurney 1937G37
         |    |--P. caudelli Gurney 1937G37
         |    `--P. plutoG37
         |--EustegastaK00
         |    |--E. obsoleta Kirby 1900K00
         |    `--E. poecila (Schaum 1853) [=Panchlora poecila]K00
         |--GynopeltisK00
         |    |--G. cryptospila (Walk. 1868) [=Polyphaga cryptospila]K00
         |    `--G. discoidalis (Brunn. 1865) [=Perisphaeria discoidalis]K00
         |--Elliptoblatta uniformis Kirby 1900K00
         |--Pronaonota cribrosa Sauss. 1895K00
         |--StenopilemaK00
         |    |--S. capucinaK00
         |    |--S. cylindrica (Walk. 1868) [=Perisphaeria cylindrica]K00
         |    `--S. pallicornis Kirby 1900K00
         |--DerocalymmaK00
         `--Hostilis proterva (Stål 1856) [=Blatta proterva, Phyllodromia proterva]K00

Gyna caffrorum (Stål 1856) [=Panchlora caffrorum; incl. Epilampra conspicua Walk. 1869, P. scripta Walk. 1869]K00

Nauclidas nigra (Brunner 1892) [=Parasphaeria nigra, Poroblatta nigra; incl. Perasphaeria (l. c. for Parasphaeria) rufipes Brunner 1892, Po. rufipes]G37

Oxyhaloa deusta (Thunb. 1822) [=Blatta deusta, Proscratea deusta; incl. P. fulviceps Burm. 1839, Oxyhaloa fulviceps, Nauphoeta ruficeps Walk. 1868, Ischnoptera ruficeps, N. signifrons Walk. 1868]K00

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A50] Ahmad, M. 1950. The phylogeny of termite genera based on imago-worker mandibles. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 95 (2): 37–86.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[BP10] Bohn, H., M. Picker, K.-D. Klass & J. Colville. 2010. A jumping cockroach from South Africa, Saltoblattella montistabularis, gen. nov., spec. nov. (Blattodea: Blattellidae). Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 68 (1): 53–69.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[G37] Gurney, A. B. 1937. Studies in certain genera of American Blattidae (Orthoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (5): 101–112.

[K00] Kirby, W. F. 1900. Notes on a collection of African Blattidae, chiefly from the Transvaal, formed by Mr. W. L. Distant. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 277–294.

[M70] Mackerras, M. J. 1970. Blattodea (cockroaches). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 262–274. Melbourne University Press.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[MG06] Mallatt, J., & G. Giribet. 2006. Further use of nearly complete 28S and 18S rRNA genes to classify Ecdysozoa: 37 more arthropods and a kinorhynch. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 772–794.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[R91] Roth, L. M. 1991. Blatttodea. Blattaria (cockroaches). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 320–329. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[S01] Seeman, O. 2001. Myriad Mesostigmata associated with log-inhabiting arthropods. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 272–276. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[S96] Strong, K. L. 1996. Sibling species of Hypoaspis Canestrini (Laelapidae) revealed by allozyme electrophoresis. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 425–428. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[T61] Tasch, P. 1961. Paleolimnology: Part 2—Harvey and Sedgwick counties, Kansas: stratigraphy and biota. Journal of Paleontology 35: 836–865.

[TC01] Taylor, DeM., & Y. Chinzei. 2001. Vitellogenin and its synthesis in the soft ticks. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 622–627. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[V10] Vršanský, P. 2010. Cockroach as the earliest eusocial animal. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 84 (4): 793–808.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

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