Blattellidae

Little gem cockroach Aglaopteryx gemma, copyright Jeff Garner.

Belongs within: Blattaria.
Contains: Ischnoptera, Parcoblattini.

The Blattellidae are a diverse group of small to medium-sized, mostly fast-running cockroaches. A small number of species have become cosmopolitan domestic pests, including the German cockroach Blattella germanica and the brown-banded cockroach Supella longipalpa.

Characters (from Roth 1991): Size usually small to medium; antennae longer than half body length. Legs long, slender, spiny, ventral surfaces of tarsi spined. Tegmina and wings fully developed or with reduced wings in both sexes, sometimes with small tegmina only. In fully alate forms, hind wings with or without an apical triangle; R usually well developed, with simple, regularly spaced anterior rami; CuA unbranched (simple), or with complete branches only, or with both complete and incomplete rami. Cerci fairly long, tapering, extending well beyond body. Male abdominal terga unspecialised, or with one or two modified terga used in sexual behaviour. Male subgenital plate (S9) asymmetrical or symmetrical, usually with two styles; hooklike genital phallomere on right or left sides. Female subgenital plate broad, rounded, rarely bivalvular. Oviparous or ovoviparous.

<==Blattellidae [Phyllodromiidae]BP10
    |--NyctiborinaeBP10
    |    |--Paratropes elegans (Burmeister 1838) [=Phoraspis elegans]R18
    |    `--Nyctibora glabraR15
    |--Anaplecta Burmeister 1838 [Anaplectidae, Anaplectinae]BP10
    |    |--A. bivittata Brunner 1865R18
    |    |--A. lateralisR18
    |    |--A. minutissima [=Holocompsa minutissima]R18
    |    |--A. pumilaR18
    |    `--A. replicata Saussure & Zehntner 1893R18
    |--Attaphila Wheeler 1900G37 [AttaphilinaeBP10]
    |    |--*A. fungicola Wheeler 1900G37
    |    |--A. bergi Bolivar 1901G37
    |    |    |--A. b. bergiG37
    |    |    `--A. b. minor Bruch 1916G37
    |    |--A. fiava Gurney 1937G37
    |    |--A. schuppi Bolivar 1905G37
    |    `--A. sexdentis Bolivar 1905G37
    |--Ectobiinae [Ectobiidae]BP10
    |    |--Choristima Tepper 1895BP10
    |    |--ChoristimoidesR96
    |    |--Ectoneura Shelford 1907BP10
    |    |--Stenectoneura Hebard 1943BP10
    |    |--Phyllodromica Fieber 1853BP10
    |    |    `--P. megerleiBM76
    |    |--Ectobius Stephens 1835BP10
    |    |    |--‘Ectobia’ ericetorum (Wesm. 1838) [=Blatta ericetorum]K00
    |    |    |--E. germanicusB88
    |    |    |--E. lapponicaA99 [=Phyllodromia lapponicaB01; incl. P. hemipteraB01]
    |    |    |--E. lividusBM76
    |    |    `--E. silvestrisBB16
    |    `--AphlebiaK00
    |         |--A. bicolor Kirby 1900K00
    |         `--A. transvaaliensis Kirby 1900K00
    |--Pseudophyllodromiinae [Plectopteridae, Plectopterinae]BP10
    |    |--Balta bicolorR96
    |    |--AllactaR96
    |    |--MargatteaR96
    |    |--MediastiniaR96
    |    |--Megamareta phaneropygaR96
    |    |--Nahublattella Brujining 1959BP10
    |    |--Shelfordina Hebard 1929R96, V10
    |    |    `--S. orchidae [=Imblattella orchidae]R96
    |    |--EllipsidionR96
    |    |    |--E. australeR96
    |    |    |--E. bicolorR96
    |    |    |--E. humeraleR96
    |    |    |--E. magnificumC91
    |    |    `--E. pellucidumB88
    |    `--Supella Shelford 1911BP10
    |         |--S. longipalpaTW05
    |         `--S. supellectilium (see below for synonymy)B37
    |--PseudomopinaeR90
    |    |--Xestoblatta nyctiboroides (Rehn 1906) [=Ischnoptera nyctiboroides]R18
    |    |--PseudomopsR18
    |    |    |--P. affinis (Burmeister 1838) [=Thyrsocera affinis]R18
    |    |    |--P. angusta Walker 1868R18
    |    |    |--P. annulicornis (Burmeister 1838) [=Thyrsocera annulicornis; incl. P. deceptura]R18
    |    |    `--P. neglectaR15
    |    |--NeoblattellaR18
    |    |    |--N. conspersa (Brunner 1865) [=Phyllodromia conspersa]R18
    |    |    |--N. pellucida (Burmeister 1838) [=Blatta pellucida]R18
    |    |    `--N. titania (Rehn 1903) [=Blatella titania]R18
    |    |--CariblattaR18
    |    |    |--C. fossicauda Hebard 1916R18
    |    |    |--C. igarapensis Rehn 1918R18
    |    |    |--C. luteaBM76
    |    |    `--C. minimaBM76
    |    |--CeratinopteraR15
    |    |    |--C. otomia (Saussure 1868)R15
    |    |    `--C. puerilis Rehn 1915R15
    |    |--IschnopteraR18
    |    `--Aglaopteryx Hebard 1917G37
    |         |--*A. gemma Hebard 1917G37
    |         |--A. absimilis Gurney 1937G37
    |         |--A. deviaG37
    |         |--A. diaphanaG37
    |         |--A. lita Hebard 1919G37
    |         |--A. miraG37
    |         |--A. notabilis Gurney 1937G37
    |         |--A. occultaG37
    |         `--A. vegetaG37
    `--BlattellinaeBP10
         |  i. s.: CarbrunneriaR96
         |         DyakinidesR96
         |         Eowilsonia biglanduliferaR96
         |         EscalaR96
         |         HensaussureaR96
         |         JohnrehniaR96
         |         RichanistchiaR96
         |         Robshelfordia circumductaR96
         |         Hemithyrsocera Saussure 1893BP10
         |         Symplocodes Hebard 1929BP10
         |         Pseudothyrsocera Shelford 1906BP10
         |         Burchellia Rehn 1933BP10
         |         Beybienkoa Roth 1991R96, V10
         |           `--B. kurandaensisR96
         |         Saltoblattella Bohn, Picker et al. 2010BP10
         |           `--*S. montistabularis Bohn, Picker et al. 2010BP10
         |         BlattellaBP10
         |           |--B. conspersaR15
         |           |--B. germanica Linnaeus 1767W08
         |           `--B. signataBM76
         `--ParcoblattiniRD77
Blattellidae incertae sedis:
  Piniblattella vitimicaVVR02
  TheganopteryxBP10
  Richanitschia luteomarginataR91
  StavellaR91
  PhyllodromiaD51
    |--P. bivittata (Serv. 1839) [=Blatta bivittata]K00
    |--P. delta Kirby 1900K00
    |--P. germanicaD51
    |--P. ruficeps Kirby 1900K00
    |--P. supellectiliumK00
    `--P. vinula [incl. P. amoena]K00
  BlattinaP92
  Temnopteryx variegataP92, K00

Supella supellectilium [incl. Blatta capensis, B. cubensis, Phlodromia delta, B. extenuata, B. figurata, B. incisa, B. phalerata, Ischnoptera quadriplaga, B. subsastiata, B. transversalis]B37

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A99] Ax, P. 1999. Das System der Metazoa II. Ein Lehrbuch der phylogenetischen Systematik. Gustav Fisher Verlag: Stuttgart (translated: 2000. Multicellular Animals: The phylogenetic system of the Metazoa vol. 2. Springer).

[B37] Back, E. A. 1937. The increasing importance of the cockroach, Supella supellectilium Serv., as a pest in the United States. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (8): 205–213.

[BB16] Bai, M., R. G. Beutel, K.-D. Klass, W. Zhang, X. Yang & B. Wipfler. 2016. Alienoptera—a new insect order in the roach-mantodean twilight zone. Gondwana Research 39: 317–326.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[BP10] Bohn, H., M. Picker, K.-D. Klass & J. Colville. 2010. A jumping cockroach from South Africa, Saltoblattella montistabularis, gen. nov., spec. nov. (Blattodea: Blattellidae). Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 68 (1): 53-69.

[B01] Bolivar, I. 1901. Orthopterák [Orthoptères]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 223–243. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[C91] CSIRO. 1991. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[D51] Dobzhansky, T. 1951. Genetics and the Origin of Species 3rd ed. Columbia University Press: New York.

[G37] Gurney, A. B. 1937. Studies in certain genera of American Blattidae (Orthoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (5): 101–112.

[K00] Kirby, W. F. 1900. Notes on a collection of African Blattidae, chiefly from the Transvaal, formed by Mr. W. L. Distant. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 277–294.

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[R90] Roth, L. M. 1990. A revision of the Australian Parcoblattini (Blattaria: Blattellidae: Blattellinae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 28 (2): 531–596.

[R91] Roth, L. M. 1991. Blatttodea. Blattaria (cockroaches). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 320–329. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240–257.

[V10] Vršanský, P. 2010. Cockroach as the earliest eusocial animal. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 84 (4): 793–808.

[VVR02] Vršanský, P., V. N. Vishniakova & A. P. Rasnitsyn. 2002. Order Blattida Latreille, 1810. The cockroaches (=Blattodea Brunner von Wattenvill, 1882). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 263–270. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[W08] Wetterer, J. K. 2008. Worldwide spread of the longhorn crazy ant, Paratrechina longicornis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 11: 137–149.

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