Striped fangblenny Meiacanthus grammistes, copyright Francois Libert.

Belongs within: Blennioidei.
Contains: Omobranchus, Salariidae, Blenniini.

The Blenniidae, blennies, are a group of small, shallow-water fishes with a normally naked, elongate body, well-developed pectoral and vertical fins, and reduced pelvic fins with the rays hidden in thick tissue (Smith 1959).

Blenniidae [Petroscirtinae]
|–+–Salariidae ND13
|  `–Ophioblennius [Ophioblenniinae] ND13
|       |–O. atlanticus ND13
|       `–O. webbii CS77
`–+–Blenniini ND13
`–+–Enchelyurus Peters 1868 ND13, S59
|    |–*E. flavipes Peters 1868 S59
|    `–E. krausii (Klunzinger 1871) [=Petroscirtes krausii] S59
`–Meiacanthus Norman 1943 ND13, S59
|–*M. oualensis (Gunther 1880) [=Petroscirtes oualensis] S59
|–M. anema (Bleeker 1852) [=Petroskirtes anema] M58
|–M. atrodordalis (Günther 1877) S59
|–M. grammistes (Valenciennes 1836) [=Blennechis grammistes; incl. Petroscirtes kulambangrae Herre 1931] M58
|–M. mossambicus Smith 1959 S59
`–M. nigrolineatus B96

Blenniidae incertae sedis:
Dasson Jordan & Hubbs 1925 S59
|–*D. trossulus (Jordan & Snyder 1902) [=Aspidontus trossulus] S59
|–D. ancylodon (Ruppell 1835) [=Petroscirtes ancylodon] S59
`–D. variabilis (Cantor 1850) [=Petroscirtes variabilis; incl. P. cynodon Peters 1855] S59
Andamia heteroptera (Bleeker 1857) [=Salarias heteropterus; incl. A. cyclocheilus Weber 1909] M58
Negoscartes guttatus (Valenciennes 1835) [=Salarias guttatus] M58
Petroscirtes Ruppell 1828 S59
|–*P. mitratus Rüppell 1828 (see below for synonymy) S59
|–P. breviceps (Valenciennes 1836) MM09
|–P. dussumieri Val. 1836 S59
|–P. eretes Jordan & Seale 1905 [incl. P. vulsus Jordan & Seale 1906] JR10
|–P. grammistes JR10
|–P. pindae Smith 1959 S59
|–P. solorensis O97
|–P. vincinguerria Borsieri 1904 S59
`–P. xestus Jordan & Seale 1906 S59
Aspidontus Quoy & Gaimard 1835 S59 [incl. Macrurrhynchus Ogilby 1896 O96]
|  i. s.: A. dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) MM09
|         A. maroubrae (Ogilby 1896) M58 [=*Macrurrhynchus maroubrae O96, M58, Petroscirtes maroubrae M58]
|–A. (Aspidontus) S59
|    |–*A. (A.) taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1835 S59 (see below for synonymy)
|    `–A. (A.) tractus Fowler 1903 S59
`–A. (Escadotus Smith 1959) S59
|–A. (*E.) fluctuans (Weber 1909) [=Petroscirtes fluctuans] S59
|–A. (E.) gorrorensis Herre 1936 S59
`–A. (E.) wamiziensis Smith 1959 S59
Omobranchus B77
Nemophini B77
Phenablennini B77
Blenniella periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836) MM09
Plagiotremus MM09
|–P. rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852) MM09
|–P. tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857) MM09
`–P. townsendi B96
Laiphognathus Smith 1955 S59
`–*L. multimaculatus Smith 1955 S59
Cruantus Smith 1959 S59
|–*C. dealmeida (Smith 1949) [=Omobranchus dealmeida] S59
`–C. petersi (Kossman & Rauber 1877) [=Petroscirtes petersi] S59
Runula Jordan & Bollman 1890 S59
|–*R. azalea Jordan & Bollman 1890 S59
|–R. amblyrhynchus (Bleeker 1857) [=Petroscirtes amblyrhynchus] S59
|–R. rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852) S59 (see below for synonymy)
`–R. tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857) S59 (see below for synonymy)
Blennechis Valenciennes 1836 S59
`–*B. filamentosus Valenciennes 1836 [=Aspidontus filamentosus, Petroscirtes filamentosus] S59
Xiphasia Swainson 1839 [Xiphasiidae] S59
`–*X. setifer Swainson 1839 S59 (see below for synonymy)
Cristiceps filifer Steindachner 1867 JR10
Blenniidarum blondeaui Nolf & Lapierre 1979 P93
Oncolepis isseli Bassani 1898 P93

*Aspidontus (Aspidontus) taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1835 S59 [=Petroscirtes taeniatus M58, Macrurrhynchus taeniatus O96]

Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1828 [incl. P. barbatus Peters 1855, P. lienardi Day 1876, P. marmoratus Bleeker 1878] S59

Runula rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852) S59 [=Petroscirtes rhinorhynchos S59, Aspidontus rhinorhynchus M58, Macrurrhynchus rhinorhynchus O96]

Runula tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857) S59 [=Petroscirtes tapeinosoma S59, Aspidontus tapeinosoma S59, Macrurrhynchus tapeinosoma O96]

*Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839 S59 [=Xiphogadus setifer RD-O86; incl. Nemophis lessoni Sauvage 1875 S59, Xiphasia lessoni M58, Xiphogadus madagascariensis Playfr. 1868 S59, Xiphasia madagascariensis S59, Xiphichthys russellii Jerdon 1851 RD-O86, Ophidium tonkahtalawaree RD-O86]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B77] Bath, H. 1977. Revision der Blenniini (Pisces: Blenniidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (4–6): 167–234.

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[MM09] Moore, G. & S. Morrison. 2009. Fishes of three North West Shelf atolls of Western Australia: Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 221–255.

[M58] Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: a check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 10 (4): 97–369 (reprinted 1958. Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin no. 1).

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[O96] Ogilby, J. D. 1896. Descriptions of two new genera and species of Australian fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (2): 136–142.

[O97] Ogilby, J. D. 1897. On some Australian Eleotrinae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (4): 725–757.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[RD-O96] Ramsay, E. P., & J. Douglas-Ogilby. 1886. On specimens of the genus Xiphasia, Swainson, from Port Jackson. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (3): 582–584.

[S59] Smith, J. L. B. 1959. Fishes of the families Blenniidae and Salariidae of the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin 14: 229–252.

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