Striped fangblenny Meiacanthus grammistes, copyright Francois Libert.

Belongs within: Blennioidei.
Contains: Omobranchus, Salariidae, Blenniini.

The Blenniidae, blennies, are a group of small, shallow-water fishes with a normally naked, elongate body, well-developed pectoral and vertical fins, and reduced pelvic fins with the rays hidden in thick tissue (Smith 1959).

Blenniidae [Petroscirtinae]
| `--Ophioblennius [Ophioblenniinae]ND13
| |--O. atlanticusND13
| `--O. webbiiCS77
`--+--Enchelyurus Peters 1868ND13, S59
| |--*E. flavipes Peters 1868S59
| `--E. krausii (Klunzinger 1871) [=Petroscirtes krausii]S59
`--Meiacanthus Norman 1943ND13, S59
|--*M. oualensis (Gunther 1880) [=Petroscirtes oualensis]S59
|--M. anema (Bleeker 1852) [=Petroskirtes anema]M58
|--M. atrodordalis (Günther 1877)S59
|--M. ditrema Smith-Vaniz 1976MM14
|--M. grammistes (Valenciennes 1836) [=Blennechis grammistes; incl. Petroscirtes kulambangrae Herre 1931]M58
|--M. mossambicus Smith 1959S59
|--M. naevius Smith-Vaniz 1987MM14
`--M. nigrolineatusB96

Blenniidae incertae sedis:
Dasson Jordan & Hubbs 1925S59
|--*D. trossulus (Jordan & Snyder 1902) [=Aspidontus trossulus]S59
|--D. ancylodon (Ruppell 1835) [=Petroscirtes ancylodon]S59
`--D. variabilis (Cantor 1850) [=Petroscirtes variabilis; incl. P. cynodon Peters 1855]S59
Andamia heteroptera (Bleeker 1857) [=Salarias heteropterus; incl. A. cyclocheilus Weber 1909]M58
Negoscartes guttatus (Valenciennes 1835) [=Salarias guttatus]M58
Petroscirtes Ruppell 1828S59
|--*P. mitratus Rüppell 1828 (see below for synonymy)S59
|--P. breviceps (Valenciennes 1836)MM09
|--P. dussumieri Val. 1836S59
|--P. eretes Jordan & Seale 1905 [incl. P. vulsus Jordan & Seale 1906]JR10
|--P. grammistesJR10
|--P. pindae Smith 1959S59
|--P. solorensisO97
|--P. vincinguerria Borsieri 1904S59
`--P. xestus Jordan & Seale 1906S59
Aspidontus Quoy & Gaimard 1835S59 [incl. Macrurrhynchus Ogilby 1896O96]
| i. s.: A. dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836)MM09
| A. maroubrae (Ogilby 1896)M58 [=*Macrurrhynchus maroubraeO96, M58, Petroscirtes maroubraeM58]
|--A. (Aspidontus)S59
| |--*A. (A.) taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1835S59 [=Petroscirtes taeniatusM58, Macrurrhynchus taeniatusO96]
| `--A. (A.) tractus Fowler 1903S59
`--A. (Escadotus Smith 1959)S59
|--A. (*E.) fluctuans (Weber 1909) [=Petroscirtes fluctuans]S59
|--A. (E.) gorrorensis Herre 1936S59
`--A. (E.) wamiziensis Smith 1959S59
|--B. chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857)MM14
`--B. periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836)MM09
|--P. laudandus (Whitley 1961)MM14
|--P. rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852)MM09
|--P. tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857)MM09
`--P. townsendiB96
Laiphognathus Smith 1955S59
`--*L. multimaculatus Smith 1955S59
Cruantus Smith 1959S59
|--*C. dealmeida (Smith 1949) [=Omobranchus dealmeida]S59
`--C. petersi (Kossman & Rauber 1877) [=Petroscirtes petersi]S59
Runula Jordan & Bollman 1890S59
|--*R. azalea Jordan & Bollman 1890S59
|--R. amblyrhynchus (Bleeker 1857) [=Petroscirtes amblyrhynchus]S59
|--R. rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852)S59 (see below for synonymy)
`--R. tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857)S59 (see below for synonymy)
Blennechis Valenciennes 1836S59
`--*B. filamentosus Valenciennes 1836 [=Aspidontus filamentosus, Petroscirtes filamentosus]S59
Xiphasia Swainson 1839 [Xiphasiidae]S59
`--*X. setifer Swainson 1839S59 (see below for synonymy)
Cristiceps filifer Steindachner 1867JR10
Blenniidarum blondeaui Nolf & Lapierre 1979P93
Oncolepis isseli Bassani 1898P93
Nannosalarias nativitatus (Regan 1909)MM14
Praealticus natalis (Regan 1909)JG19

Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1828 [incl. P. barbatus Peters 1855, P. lienardi Day 1876, P. marmoratus Bleeker 1878]S59

Runula rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852)S59 [=Petroscirtes rhinorhynchosS59, Aspidontus rhinorhynchusM58, Macrurrhynchus rhinorhynchusO96]

Runula tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857)S59 [=Petroscirtes tapeinosomaS59, Aspidontus tapeinosomaS59, Macrurrhynchus tapeinosomaO96]

*Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839S59 [=Xiphogadus setiferRD-O86; incl. Nemophis lessoni Sauvage 1875S59, Xiphasia lessoniM58, Xiphogadus madagascariensis Playfr. 1868S59, Xiphasia madagascariensisS59, Xiphichthys russellii Jerdon 1851RD-O86, Ophidium tonkahtalawareeRD-O86]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B77] Bath, H. 1977. Revision der Blenniini (Pisces: Blenniidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (4–6): 167–234.

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[JG19] James, D. J., P. T. Green, W. F. Humphreys & J. C. Z. Woinarski. 2019. Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34 (2): 55–114.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[MM09] Moore, G., & S. Morrison. 2009. Fishes of three North West Shelf atolls of Western Australia: Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 221–255.

[MM14] Moore, G. I., S. M. Morrison, J. B. Hutchins, G. R. Allen & A. Sampey. 2014. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: fishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 161–206.

[M58] Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: a check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 10 (4): 97–369 (reprinted: 1958. Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin 1).

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[O96] Ogilby, J. D. 1896. Descriptions of two new genera and species of Australian fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (2): 136–142.

[O97] Ogilby, J. D. 1897. On some Australian Eleotrinae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (4): 725–757.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S59] Smith, J. L. B. 1959. Fishes of the families Blenniidae and Salariidae of the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin 14: 229–252.

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