Bolitoglossa

Mexican climbing salamander Bolitoglossa mexicana, copyright Josiah Townsend.

Belongs within: Plethodontidae.

Bolitoglossa is a diverse genus of lungless salamanders with well-defined nasolabial protuberances and grooves, found in Central and northern South America.

<==Bolitoglossa Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854FG06
| i. s.: B. chica Brame & Wake 1963W08
| B. resplendens McCoy & Walker 1966W08
| B. sombraM06
|--+--B. hartwegiPW11
| `--+--+--B. occidentalisPW11
| | `--B. rufescens (Cope 1869)PW11, W08
| `--B. (Bolitoglossa)SL08
| | i. s.: B. (B.) alberchi García-París, Parra-Olea et al. 2003SL08
| | B. (B.) indio Sunyer, Lotzkat et al. 2008SL08
| | B. (B.) insularis Sunyer, Lotzkat et al. 2008SL08
| | B. (B.) jacksoni Elias 1984SL08
| | B. (B.) mulleri (Brocchi 1883)SL08
| | B. (B.) salvinii (Gray 1868)SL08
| |--B. (B.) platydactyla (Gray 1831)PW11, SL08
| `--+--B. (B.) flaviventris (Schmidt 1936)PW11, SL08
| `--+--+--B. (B.) mexicana (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854)PW11, SL08
| | `--B. (B.) odonnelli (Stuart 1943)PW11, SL08
| `--+--B. (B.) lignicolor (Peters 1873)PW11, SL08
| `--+--B. (B.) yucatana (Peters 1882)PW11, SL08
| `--+--B. (B.) mombachoensis Köhler & McCranie 1999PW11, SL08
| `--B. (B.) striatula (Noble 1918)PW11, SL08
`--+--+--+--+--B. subpalmata (Boulenger 1896)PW11, W08
| | | `--+--B. gracilisPW11
| | | `--B. pesrubraPW11
| | `--+--B. cerroensisPW11
| | `--+--B. epimelaPW11
| | `--+--B. marmoreaPW11
| | `--+--B. minutulaPW11
| | `--B. sooyorumPW11
| `--+--+--B. robustaPW11
| | `--+--B. collonea (Dunn 1924)PW11, W08
| | `--B. schizodactylaPW11
| `--+--B. paraensisPW11
| `--+--+--B. biseriataPW11
| | `--B. sima (Vaillant 1911)PW11, W08
| `--+--+--B. adspersaPW11
| | `--B. medemiPW11
| `--+--+--B. altamazonica (Cope 1874)PW11, W08
| | `--B. peruviana (Boulenger 1883)PW11, W08
| `--+--B. equatorianaPW11
| `--B. palmataPW11
`--+--+--+--B. alvaradoiPW11
| | `--B. dofleini (Wener 1903)PW11, W08
| `--+--+--B. engelhardti (Schmidt 1936)PW11, W08
| | `--+--B. helmrichiPW11
| | `--B. rostrata (Brocchi 1883)PW11, W08
| `--+--+--B. macriniiPW11
| | `--B. oaxacensisPW11
| `--+--B. zapotecaPW11
| `--+--B. hermosaPW11
| `--B. rilettiPW11
`--+--+--B. franklini (Schmidt 1936)PW11, W08
| `--B. lincolniPW11
`--+--+--B. decoraPW11
| `--+--B. longissimaPW11
| `--B. porrasorumPW11
`--+--+--B. celaque McCranie & Wilson 1993PW11, W08
| `--B. synoriaPW11
`--+--+--B. flavimembris (Schmidt 1936)PW11, W08
| `--B. morio (Cope 1869)PW11, W08
`--+--+--B. carri McCranie & Wilson 1993PW11, W08
| `--B. conanti McCranie & Wilson 1993PW11, W08
`--+--B. diaphoraPW11
`--B. dunni (Schmidt 1933)PW11, W08

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[M06] Mueller, R. L. 2006. Evolutionary rates, divergence dates, and the performance of mitochondrial genes in Bayesian phylogenetic analyses. Systematic Biology 55 (2): 289–300.

[PW11] Pyron, R. A., & J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

[SL08] Sunyer, J., S. Lotzkat, A. Hertz, D. B. Wake, B. M. Alemán, S. J. Robleto & G. Köhler. 2008. Two new species of salamanders (genus Bolitoglossa) from southern Nicaragua (Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontide). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (2): 319–328.

[W08] Warburg, M. R. 2008. Temporal variations in body dimensions followed for 25 years in a breeding population of adult salamanders, with a partial review on other Urodela (Amphibia, Urodela, Salamandridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 81–101.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *