Braconinae

Female Bracon variegator, copyright Landcare Research.

Belongs within: Doryctinae.
Contains: Aphrastobraconini, Braconini.

The Braconinae are a cosmopolitan group of mostly ectoparasitic braconid wasps, with hosts including larval Coleoptera, Diptera, Lepidoptera and phytophagous Hymenoptera (Achterberg 1993). They may give of a distinct odour when handled (Naumann 1991). Species of one group, the Aspidobraconina, are endoparasitic on butterfly pupae (Quicke & Ingram 1993).

Characters (from Achterberg 1993): Hypoclypeal depression deep and wide, middle part of apparent ventral margin of clypeus distinctly above upper level of mandible bases, bottom of hypoclypeal depression consisting of concave labrum and depressed ventral part of clypeus; maxillary palp with five segments; prepectal carina absent laterally; mesopleuron usually completely flat; length of vein 1-M in hind wing at least 1.5 times M+CU and usually more or less widened basally.

Braconinae
|--CoeloidesBS23
| |--C. dendroctoniS00
| `--C. scolytivorusBS23
`--+--BraconiniBS23
`--+--GlyptomorphiniQI93
| |--Vipiomorpha ypsilonQI93
| `--Glyptomorpha pectoralisBS23
`--+--Vipionini [Vipioninae]A93
| |--Pseudocremnops atripennisA93
| `--VipioBS23
| |--V. algiricus Lucas 1849E12
| `--V. schewyrewiMS01
`--+--Digonogastra eurygasterBS23
`--AtanycolusBS23 [incl. CoelobraconQI93, MelanobraconQI93; Atanycolidae]
|--A. australiensis Quicke & Ingram 1993QI93
|--A. hicoriaeBS23
`--A. sculpturatusMS01

Braconinae incertae sedis:
VirgulibraconQI93
|--*V. vulsusQI93
`--V. endoxylophagus Quicke & Ingram 1993QI93
Iphiaulax [incl. Aniphiaulax, Euglyptobracon, Iphiaulacidea]QI93
|--I. australiensisQI93
`--I. impostorMS01
Callibracon [incl. Poecilobracon]QI93
`--*Poecilobracon’ flaviceps Cameron 1901QI93
PycnobraconN91
Trigastrotheca [incl. Coelodontus, Odontopygia]QI93
|--T. tricolor Quicke & Ingram 1993QI93
|--T. tridentataQI93
`--T. trilobataQI93
AcroceriliaQI93
|--*A. pachynervisQI93
`--A. tricolor Quicke & Ingram 1993QI93
SimplicibraconQI93
|--S. curticaudisQI93
|--S. maculigasterQI93
`--S. nigritarsus Quicke & Ingram 1993QI93
CalcaribraconQI93
| i. s.: C. feraxQI93
`--C. (Arostrobracon)QI93
|--C. (A.) dioresQI93
|--C. (A.) walkeralisQI93
`--C. (A.) willani Quicke & Ingram 1993QI93
Tropobracon [incl. Shirakia]QI93
Myosoma [incl. Acanthobracon, Amyosoma]QI93
|--M. chinensisQI93
|--M. rufescens Quicke & Ingram 1993QI93
`--M. yanoiQI93
Mollibracon bimarisQI93
Serratobracon cardaleaeQI93
*Ploceibracon monstransQI93
StigmatobraconQI93
|--S. diversipennisQI93
`--S. xanthostigmaQI93
Vomeribracon ingressorQI93
VirgulibraconoidesQI93
Euurobraconoides longicaudisQI93
Chaoilta [incl. Iphioilta, Platybracon]QI93
`--C. (Blastomorpha) decorataQI93
Macrobracon nobilisQI93
EunesaulaxQI93
|--E. nigriventrisQI93
|--E. radialisQI93
`--E. terebratusQI93
Paranesaulax nitorQI93
Rostraulax xanthocephalusQI93
Campyloneurus [incl. Diolcia, Monolcia]QI93
PlesiobraconQI93
PsilolobusQI93
HemibraconQI93
NedinoschizaQI93
Cyanopterus [incl. Ipobracon]QI93
OdontoscapusQI93
ZeuzeriliaQI93
MesobraconQI93
PseudoshirakiaQI93
CratobraconQI93
ShelfordiaQI93
SylvibraconQI93
KenemaQI93
ZaglyptogastraQI93
MonilobraconQLB05
Latana keijuaQLB05
MerinotusQLB05
PlaxopsisQLB05
Archibracon deliberatorQLB05
SororarchibraconQLB05
MegagoniaQLB05
GoniobraconQLB05
Argamania [Argamaniini]A93
`--A. aereusA93
Euurobracon [incl. Delmira, Exobracon, Lissobracon; Euurobraconini]QI93
`--E. latitempusQI93
BathyaulaciniQI93
|--Stenobracon [incl. Elphea, Phanaulax]QI93
`--Bathyaulax cyanogasterQLB05
AdeshiniQI93
|--FurcadeshaQI93
| |--*F. huddlestoniQI93
| `--F. walteri Quicke & Ingram 1993QI93
`--AfricadeshaQI93
|--A. tobiasi Quicke & Ingram 1993QI93
`--A. usherwoodiQI93
AphrastobraconiniA93

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A93] Achterberg, C. van. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen 283: 1–189.

[BS23] Blaimer, B. B., B. F. Santos, A. Cruaud, M. W. Gates, R. R. Kula, I. Mikó, J.-Y. Rasplus, D. R. Smith, E. J. Talamas, S. G. Brady & M. L. Buffington. 2023. Key innovations and the diversification of Hymenoptera. Nature Communications 14: 1212.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[QI93] Quicke, D. L. J., & S. N. Ingram. 1993. Braconine wasps of Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33 (1): 299–336.

[QLB05] Quicke, D. L. J., N. M. Laurenne & M. Barclay. 2005. A new host record for the Afrotropical parasitic wasp genus Bathyaulax Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae) confirmed using DNA sequence data. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 14 (1): 96–101.

[S00] Siddiqi, M. R. 2000. Tylenchida: Parasites of plants and insects 2nd ed. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *