Brassicales

Wild mignonette Reseda lutea, copyright Udo Schmidt.

Belongs within: Malvidae.
Contains: Limnanthaceae, Capparaceae, Brassicaceae.

The Brassicales are a clade of flowering plants characterised by the presence of glucosinolates, defensive compounds with a pungent shell and sharp taste. Representatives include the Tropaeolaceae, a Neotropical family of often twining herbs bearing rounded leaves with a central petiole.

<==Brassicales [Capparales, Resedales, Rhoeadales]
    |  i. s.: DressianthaT00
    |         EmblingiaT00 [EmblingiaceaeAPG16, Emblingioideae]
    |           `--E. calceolifloraK90
    |--+--+--Bretschneidera [Bretschneideraceae]PT01
    |  |  `--Akania [Akaniaceae, Akaniales]PT01
    |  |       `--A. americana Romero & Hickey 1976CBH93
    |  `--Tropaeolaceae [Tropaeolales]WM09
    |       |--MagallanaT00
    |       |--TrophaeastrumT00
    |       `--TropaeolumWM09 [incl. CardamindumD01]
    |            |--T. majusWM09
    |            |--T. peregrinumPT01
    |            |--T. speciosumH59
    |            |--T. tricolorNDA05
    |            `--T. tuberosumH93
    `--+--+--CaricaceaeWM09
       |  |    |--Carica papayaWM09 [=Papaya vulgarisC55]
       |  |    |--CylicomorphaYY22
       |  |    `--JacartiaYY22
       |  `--Moringa [Moringaceae]PT01
       |       |--M. concanensisSDK05
       |       |--M. oleiferaLK14
       |       |--M. ovalifoliaCV06
       |       `--M. pterygospermaC55
       `--+--LimnanthaceaeWM09
          `--+--SetchellanthusAPG16 [SetchellanthaceaePT01]
             `--+--+--KoeberliniaAPG16 [KoeberliniaceaePT01, Koeberlinioideae]
                |  |    `--K. spinosaRJ11
                |  |         |--K. s. ssp. spinosaH93
                |  |         `--K. s. ssp. tenuispinaH93
                |  `--+--Batis [Bataceae]WM09
                |     |    |--B. argillicolaLK14
                |     |    `--B. maritimaWM09
                |     `--SalvadoraceaePT01
                |          |--Azima tetracanthaT00, M72
                |          |--DoberaT00
                |          `--Salvadora persicaT00, PDR05
                |               |--S. p. var. persicaPDR05
                |               `--S. p. var. wightianaPDR05
                `--+--+--Tovariaceae [Tovarioideae]PT01
                   |  `--PentadiplandraAPG16 [PentadiplandraceaePT01, Pentadiplandroideae]
                   `--+--+--CapparaceaeWM09
                      |  `--BrassicaceaeWM09
                      `--+--GyrostemonaceaePT01
                         |    |--Cypselocarpus haloragoides (Muell. ex Benth.) Muell. 1873 (see below for synonymy)W84
                         |    |--GyrostemonPT01
                         |    |    |--G. australasicusH90
                         |    |    |--G. ramulosusKM08
                         |    |    |--G. subnudusRL05
                         |    |    `--G. thesioides [=Didymotheca thesioides]H90
                         |    `--CodonocarpusH90
                         |         |--C. attenuatusH90
                         |         |--C. australisC16
                         |         |--C. cotinifoliusH90
                         |         `--C. pyramidalisH90
                         `--Resedaceae [Borthwickiaceae, Stixaceae, Stixidaceae]WM09
                              |--Ochradenus baccatusAGF98
                              |--BorthwickiaAPG16
                              |--ForchhammeriaAPG16
                              |--Stixis suaveolensAPG16, DD73 [=Roydsia suaveolensDD73]
                              |--TiraniaAPG16
                              |--Randonia africanaD17
                              |--OligomerisH93
                              |    |--O. linifoliaH93
                              |    `--O. subulataD17
                              |--CayluseaAGF98
                              |    |--C. canescensD17
                              |    `--C. hexagynaAGF98
                              `--ResedaWM09 [incl. SesamoidesD01]
                                   |--R. albaWM09
                                   |--R. complicataF55
                                   |--R. luteaWM09
                                   |--R. luteolaC55
                                   |--R. odorataPT01
                                   `--R. villosaD17

Cypselocarpus haloragoides (Muell. ex Benth.) Muell. 1873 [=Threlkeldia haloragoides Muell. ex Benth. 1870]W84

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123–134.

[APG16] Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1–20.

[C16] Cambage, R. H. 1916. Notes on the native flora of tropical Queensland. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 49 (3): 389–447, pls 57–61.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CBH93] Collinson, M. E., M. C. Boulter & P. L. Holmes. 1993. Magnoliophyta (‘Angiospermae’). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 809–841. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[DD73] Deb, D. B., & R. M. Dutta. 1973. Contribution to the flora of Tirap Frontier Division. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (3): 547–573.

[D17] Diels, L. 1917. Beiträge zur Flora der Zentral-Sahara und ihrer Pflanzengeographie. Nach der Sammelausbeute des Freiherrn Hans Geyr von Schweppenburg. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 54 (Beiblatt 120): 51–155.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75–103.

[F55] Franz, H. 1955. Dritter Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Caeculidae (Acari). Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gessellschaft in Wien 95: 9–18.

[H90] Harden, G. J. (ed.) 1990. Flora of New South Wales vol. 1. New South Wales University Press.

[H59] Healy, A. J. 1959. Contributions to a knowledge of the adventive flora of New Zealand, no. 7. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 86 (1): 113–118.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[K90] Keighery, G. J. 1990. Vegetation and flora of Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 61–87. Western Australian Museum.

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11–19.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M72] Mathew, D. N. 1972. The ecology of the baya in Rajampet, Cuddapah Dt., A.P. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (1): 188–191.

[NDA05] Nickrent, D. L., J. P. Der & F. E. Anderson. 2005. Discovery of the photosynthetic relatives of the “Maltese mushroom” Cynomorium. BMC Evolutionary Biology 5: 38.

[PT01] Pemberton, L. M. S., S.-L. Tsai, P. H. Lovell & P. J. Harris. 2001. Epidermal patterning in seedling roots of eudicotyledons. Annals of Botany 87: 649–654.

[PDR05] Pradhan, S. G., P. G. Diwakar & K. M. Rao. 2005. Recollection of Cistachne tubulosa (Schrenk) Wight (Orobanchaceae) from Maharashtra after about a century. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 151–152.

[RL05] Rafferty, C., & B. B. Lamont. 2005. Selective feeding by macropods on vegetation regenerating following fire. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 155–165.

[RJ11] Rising, J. D., A. Jaramillo, J. L. Copete, P. G. Ryan & S. C. Madge. 2011. Family Emberizidae (buntings and New World sparrows). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 428–683. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[SDK05] Sharma, L. K., N. K. Dadhich & A. Kumar. 2005. Plant based veterinary medicine from traditional knowledge of India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 43–52.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441–647.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853–3858.

[W84] Wilson, P. G. 1984. Chenopodiaceae. In: George, A. S. (ed.) Flora of Australia vol. 4. Phytolaccaceae to Chenopodiaceae pp. 81–317. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1–62.

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