Buccinoidea

Pareuthria fuscata, copyright Manuel Caballer.

Belongs within: Neogastropoda.
Contains: Dolicholatiridae, Prosiphonidae, Colubrariidae, Colidae, Eosiphonidae, Melongena, Prodotiidae, Chauvetiidae, Pisaniidae, Nassariidae, Fasciolariidae, Echinofulguridae, Cominella, Retimohniidae, Austrosiphonidae, Tudiclidae, Siphonaliinae, Buccininae, PlicifususNeptuneaAulacofususBeringius, Parancistrolepidinae, Volutopsiinae.

The Buccinoidea are a diverse clade of neogastropods characterised by the absence of accessory salivary glands. Members are ecologically diverse; the majority are scavengers or predators but some are parasites or herbivores.

The Buccinidae, whelks, are a carnivorous family, including both predators and scavengers, found predominantly in temperate or boreal waters of the Northern Hemisphere. They are morphologically diverse, varying from small to large, commonly with a wide aperture and long proboscis. Eggs may be laid singly or in masses with development often being direct. The Beringiinae have large, broadly fusiform shells with a high spire and very short or obsolete siphonal canal (Kantor et al. 2022).

The Melongenidae, giant whelks or crown conches, are a mostly tropical group of medium-sized to very large scavengers with an elongate aperture and long head. Belomitra is a North Atlantic genus with medium-sized (16–22 mm), thin shells with a tall spire and narrow whorls that are distinctly angulate above the middle (Powell 1966). The Cominellidae are small to medium-sized shells (5–75 mm) with a short siphonal canal found in New Zealand, Antarctica and the Magellanic region (Kantor et al. 2002). Buccinanops, found in intertidal temperate waters of South America has a thick-walled, medium-large shell with a distinct siphonal notch giving it a truncated appearance (Kantor et al. 2002).

Buccinoidea [Beringioidea]BR17
    |--+--DolicholatiridaeKF22
    |  `--Belomitra Fischer 1883BR17 [incl. Pleurobela Monterosato in Locard 1897P66; BelomitridaeFP15]
    |       |--*B. paradoxa Fischer 1883BR17
    |       |--B. bouteti Kantor, Puillandre et al. 2012KF22
    |       |--B. brachytoma (Schepman 1913)KF22
    |       |--B. delicatulina (Locard 1897) [=Clionella delicatulina]P66
    |       |--B. fischeri Locard 1897P66
    |       |--B. lyrata Locard 1897 [=Pleurobela lyrata]P66
    |       |--B. paschalis (Thiele 1925)KF22
    |       `--B. spelta (Locard 1897) [=Pleurotoma spelta, *Pleurobela spelta]P66
    `--+--+--ProsiphonidaeKF22
       |  `--+--ColubrariidaeKF22
       |     `--+--ColidaeKF22
       |        `--EosiphonidaeKF22
       `--+--+--+--+--Melongenidae [Cassidulina, Cassidulinae, Melongeninae]FP15
          |  |  |  |    |  i. s.: Tantunia clathrataTTE93
          |  |  |  |    |         Tropochasca Olsson 1967PMB15
          |  |  |  |    |         Cornulina Conrad 1853PMB15
          |  |  |  |    |         Torquifer Roth 1981PMB15
          |  |  |  |    |         Volegalea Iredale 1938WG71
          |  |  |  |    |           |--*V. wardiana Iredale 1938KF22
          |  |  |  |    |           `--V. cochlidium (Linnaeus 1758)KF22
          |  |  |  |    |         Rhombopsis Gardner 1916 [=Neptunella Meek 1864 non Gray 1854]P66
          |  |  |  |    |           `--*R. newberryi (Meek & Hayden 1857) [=Fusus newberryi, *Neptunella newberryi]P66
          |  |  |  |    |         BruclarkiaP66
          |  |  |  |    |           `--‘Fusus’ corpulentus Conrad 1849 [=Priscofusus corpulentus]P66
          |  |  |  |    |         Heligmotoma Mayer-Eymar 1896 [Heligmotomidae]BR05
          |  |  |  |    |           `--*H. nilotica (Mayer-Eymar 1896) [=Melongena nilotica]BR17
          |  |  |  |    |         Volema Röding 1798 [Volemidae]BR05
          |  |  |  |    |           |--*V. paradisiaca Röding 1798BR17
          |  |  |  |    |           `--V. cornuta [=Galeodes (Volema) cornuta]H62
          |  |  |  |    |         Brunneifusus Dekkers 2018KF22
          |  |  |  |    |           `--*B. ternatanus (Gmelin 1791) [=Murex ternatanus]KF22
          |  |  |  |    |         Lenifusus Dekkers 2018KF22
          |  |  |  |    |           `--*L. elongatus (Lamarck 1822) [=Pyrula elongata]KF22
          |  |  |  |    |         Saginafusus Iredale 1931KF22
          |  |  |  |    |           `--*S. pricei (Smith 1887)KF22 [=Fusus priceiKF22, Galeodes priceiH09]
          |  |  |  |    |         Taphon Adams & Adams 1853KF22
          |  |  |  |    |           `--*T. striatus (Sowerby 1833) [=Fusus striatus]KF22
          |  |  |  |    |--MelongenaKF22
          |  |  |  |    `--+--Pugilina Schumacher 1817 [=Cassidulus Gray 1854 nec Lamarck 1801 nec Berthold 1827]KF22
          |  |  |  |       |    |--*P. morio (Linnaeus 1758) [=Murex morio, *Cassidulus morio]KF22
          |  |  |  |       |    `--P. ponderosa [=Trophon ponderosum, Melongena (Pugilina) ponderosa]F27
          |  |  |  |       `--Hemifusus Swainson 1840KF22
          |  |  |  |            |--*H. colosseus (Lamarck 1822) [=Fusus colosseus]KF22
          |  |  |  |            |--H. ternatanusZLK11
          |  |  |  |            `--H. tuba (Gmelin 1791)KF22
          |  |  |  `--+--ProdotiidaeKF22
          |  |  |     `--+--ChauvetiidaeKF22
          |  |  |        `--PisaniidaeKF22
          |  |  `--NassariidaeKF22
          |  |--+--FasciolariidaeFP15
          |  |  `--+--EchinofulguridaeKF22
          |  |     `--+--Buccinanops d’Orbigny 1841KF22, BR17 [Buccinanopsinae]
          |  |        |    |--*B. cochlidium (Dillwyn 1817) [=Buccinum cochlidium]BR17
          |  |        |    |--B. deformis (King 1832)KF22
          |  |        |    |--B. gradatus (Deshayes 1844)S11
          |  |        |    `--B. monilifer (Velenciennes 1834)S11
          |  |        `--Macron Adams & Adams 1853KF22, O27
          |  |             |--*M. aethiops (Reeve 1847) [=Buccinum aethiops]KF22
          |  |             |    |--M. a. aethiopsO27
          |  |             |    `--*M. a. kellettii (Adams 1853)O27 (see below for synonymy)
          |  |             `--M. lividus (Adams 1855)KF22 [=Pseudoliva lividaO27]
          |  `--+--+--Cominellidae [Cominellina, Cominellinae]KF22
          |     |  |    |--CominellaKF22
          |     |  |    |--Pareuthria Strebel 1905KF22, P61
          |     |  |    |    |--P. fuscata (Bruguière 1789)KF22 (see below for synonymy)
          |     |  |    |    |--P. campbelli (Filhol 1880)P61 [=Cominella campbelliF26]
          |     |  |    |    |--P. magellanica [=Cominella magellanica]F26
          |     |  |    |    |--P. rosea [=Cominella rosea]F26
          |     |  |    |    |--P. turriformis Egorova 1982KF22
          |     |  |    |    `--P. valdiviae Thiele 1925 (see below for synonymy)P61
          |     |  |    |--Falsitromina Dell 1990KF22
          |     |  |    |    `--*F. bella (Powell 1951) [=Tromina bella]KF22
          |     |  |    |--Lusitromina Harasewych & Kantor 2004KF22
          |     |  |    |    `--*L. abyssorum (Lus 1993) [=Tromina abyssorum]KF22
          |     |  |    |--Parficulina Powell 1958KF22
          |     |  |    |    `--*P. problematica (Powell 1951) [=Notoficula problematica]KF22
          |     |  |    `--Iosepha Tenison Woods 1879KF22
          |     |  |         `--*I. tasmanica Tenison Woods 1879KF22
          |     |  `--RetimohniidaeKF22
          |     `--+--AustrosiphonidaeKF22
          |        `--TudiclidaeKF22
          `--Buccinidae [Ceryciidae]FP15
               |  i. s.: Anna Risso 1826P66
               |           `--*A. massena Risso 1826P66
               |         Troschelia Mörch 1876KF22
               |           `--*T. berniciensis (King 1846) [=Fusus berniciensis]KF22
               |         Neocola Finlay 1926F26
               |           |--*N. beta [=Austrofusus beta]F26
               |           `--N. cliftonensis (Marwick 1926) [=Aethocola cliftonensis]F26
               |         Zelandiella Finlay 1926DK10
               |           |--*Z. subnodosa [=Neptunea subnodosa]F26
               |           `--Z. fatua Finlay 1926DK10
               |         Nassicola Finlay 1926F26
               |           `--*N. costataF26 [=Neptunea costataF26, N. (Sipho) costatusH79]
               |         Zeapollia Finlay 1926F26
               |           |--*Z. acuticingulata (Suter 1917) [=Tritonidea acuticingulata]F26
               |           |--Z. colensoi [=Tritonidea colensoi]F26
               |           `--Z. purpuroides (Johnston 1879) [=Ricinula purpuroides]F26
               |         TritonideaF27
               |           |--T. australisH08
               |           `--T. fusiformis Martin 1883F27
               |         Pseudolatirus pallidus Kuroda & Habe 1961MG-H11
               |         ‘Paradoxa’ Fernandes & Rolán 1990 nec Marshall 1896 nec Mattir. 1935 (ICBN)BC01
               |           |--*P. confirmata Fernandes & Rolán 1990BC01
               |           `--P. thomensis Fernandes & Rolán 1990BC01
               |         Antimitra Iredale 1917BK11, P66 [incl. Mitromorpha Adams 1865 non Carpenter 1865P66]
               |           |--*A. aegrota (Reeve 1845) [=Pleurotoma aegrota]P66
               |           |--A. crenulata (Pease 1867) [=Daphnella crenulata]P66
               |           |--‘Mitromorpha’ filosa Carpenter 1865 nec Columbella filosa Dujardin 1837 (not preoc. as in homonymous gen.) nec Daphnella filosa Carpenter 1864 (do.)O27
               |           |--‘Mitromorpha’ gracilior Hemphill 1884O27
               |           |    |--M. g. graciliorO27
               |           |    `--M. g. intermedia Arnold 1903O27
               |           |--*Mitromorpha’ gracilisO27
               |           `--A. lirata (Adams 1865) [=Mitromorpha lirata]P66
               |         Bathyclionella Kobelt 1905BW80 [incl. Cryptomitra Dall 1924P66]
               |           |--*B. quadruplex (Watson 1881)BW80 [=Pleurotoma (Clionella) quadruplexP66]
               |           |--B. brachytoma (Schepman 1913) [=Surcula brachytoma]P66
               |           |--B. climacella (Dall 1895) [=Pleurotoma climacella, Pleurotomella climacella]P66
               |           `--B. paschalis (Thiele 1925) [=Mangelia paschalis]P66
               |         JumalaBK11
               |         Trachypollia Woodring 1928BD12
               |           `--*T. sclera Woodring 1928RD75
               |         Fax Iredale 1925P61
               |           |--*F. tabidus (Hedley 1904) [=Phos tabidus]KF22
               |           |--F. mirabilis (Powell 1929)P61
               |           |    |--F. m. mirabilisP61
               |           |    |--F. m. canturiensis Dell 1951P61
               |           |    |--F. m. nuptialis Dell 1953P61
               |           |    `--F. m. powelli Fleming 1948P61
               |           |--F. otagoensis (Finlay 1927)P61
               |           `--F. tenuicostatusF26
               |         Austrobuccinum Stilwell & Zinsmeister 1992C96
               |         PseudofaxJB12
               |         Bulliopsis Conrad 1862P12
               |           `--B. bowlerensis Allmon 1990P12
               |         CelatoconusP12
               |         Ptychosalpinx Gill 1867P12, KF22
               |           |--*P. altilis (Conrad 1832) [=Buccinum altile]KF22
               |           `--P. globulus (Dall 1889) [=Chrysodomus (Sipho) globulus]KF22
               |         AmyclaC64
               |           |--A. californiana Gask. 1851C64
               |           |--A. chrysalloidea Carpenter 1864C64
               |           |--A. corniculumPP64
               |           |--A. gouldiana [=Columbella gouldiana, C. gouldii Agass. 1858 (n. n.)]C64
               |           |--A. minorC64
               |           |--A. tuberosa Carpenter 1864C64
               |           `--A. undata Carpenter 1864C64
               |         Pseudoneptunea Kobelt 1882C75
               |           |--*P. varicosa (Roeding 1798)C75 (see below for synonymy)
               |           `--P. inflata (Oostingh 1941) [=Siphonalia (Pseudoneptunea) inflata]C75
               |         Latisipho Dall 1916KF22
               |           |--*L. hypolispus (Dall 1891)KF22 [=Chrysodomus hypolispusKF22, Colus (Latisipho) hypolispusO27]
               |           |--L. aphelus (Dall 1889) [=Colus (Latisipho) aphelus]O27
               |           |--L. clementinus (Dall 1919) [=Colus (Latisipho) clementinus]O27
               |           |--L. dalmasius (Dall 1919) [=Colus (Latisipho) dalmasius]O27
               |           |--L. errones (Dall 1919) [=Colus (Latisipho) errones]O27
               |           |--L. halibrectus (Dall 1891) [=Colus (Latisipho) halibrectus]O27
               |           |--L. halli (Dall 1873) [=Colus (Latisipho) halli]O27
               |           `--L. jordani (Dall 1913) [=Colus (Latisipho) jordani]O27
               |         Liomesus Stimpson 1865 (see below for synonymy)KF22
               |           |--*L. dalei (Sowerby 1825)O27, BR17 (see below for synonymy)
               |           |--L. nassula Dall 1901O27
               |           |--L. nux Dall 1877O27
               |           |--L. ooides Middendorff 1848O27
               |           |    |--L. o. ooidesO27
               |           |    `--L. o. canaliculatus (Dall 1874) [=Buccinopsis canaliculatus]O27
               |           `--L. ovum (Turton 1825)KF22
               |         Truncaria Adams & Reeve 1850 [Truncariinae]KF22
               |           |--‘Cominella’ brunneocincta Dall 1896KF22 (see below for synonymy)
               |           |--T. corrugata (Rve. 1847) [=Buccinum corrugatum, Pisania corrugata; incl. Columbella valga]C64
               |           `--T. modestaC64
               |         Aidemofusus Kosyan & Kantor 2013KF22
               |           `--*A. ignotus Kosyan & Kantor 2013KF22
               |         Buccipagoda Ponder 2010 [=Kapala Ponder 1982 non Cameron 1884]KF22
               |           `--*B. kengrahami (Ponder 1982) [=*Kapala kengrahami]KF22
               |         Sagenotriton Marshall & Walton 2019KF22
               |           `--*S. ajax Marshall & Walton 2019KF22
               |         Sulcosinus Dall 1895KF22
               |           `--*S. taphrius (Dall 1891) [=Buccinum taphrium]KF22
               |         Turrivolutopsius Tiba & Kosuge 1979KF22
               |           `--*T. stejnegeri (Dall 1884) [=Strombella callorhina stejnegeri]KF22
               |--SiphonaliinaeKF22
               `--+--+--BuccininaeKF22
                  |  `--+--‘Colus’ kujianus Tiba 1973KF22
                  |     `--+--PlicifususKF22
                  |        `--Anomalisipho Dautzenberg & Fischer 1912KF22
                  |             |--*A. verkruezeni (Kobelt 1876) [=Sipho verkruezeni]KF22
                  |             `--A. virgatus (Friele 1879)KF22
                  |--Neptuneinae [Neptuneidae, Neptuniidae, Neptuniinae]KF22
                  |    |--NeptuneaKF22
                  |    `--AulacofususKF22
                  |--Beringiinae [Beringiidae]KF22
                  |    |--BeringiusKF22
                  |    `--Neoberingius Habe & Ito 1965KF22
                  |         `--*N. frielei (Dall 1895) [=Beringius frielei]O27
                  |--ParancistrolepidinaeKF22
                  `--VolutopsiinaeKF22
Buccinoidea incertae sedis:
  Chickcharnea Petuch 2002KF22
    `--*C. fragilis Petuch 2002KF22
  Glypteuthria Strebel 1905KF22
    `--*G. meridionalis (Smith 1881) [=Euthria meridionalis]KF22
  Loochooia MacNeil 1961KF22
    |--*L. hanzawai MacNeil 1961KF22
    `--L. oncoda [=Neptunea oncoda]KF22
  Microdeuthria Pastorino 2016KF22
    `--*M. michaelseni (Strebel 1905) [=Euthria michaelseni]KF22
  Nicema Woodring 1964KF22
    |--*N. amara Woodring 1964KF22
    `--N. subrostrata (Woods 1828)KF22
  Steye Faber 2004KF22
    `--*S. janasaraiarum Faber 2004KF22

‘Cominella’ brunneocincta Dall 1896KF22 [incl. Buccinum filosum Adams & Reeve 1850 non Gmelin 1791BR17, *Truncaria filosaKF22]

Liomesus Stimpson 1865 [=Buccinopsis Jeffreys 1867 non Conrad 1857; Buccinopsidae, Liomesidae, Liomesinae, Liomesini]KF22

*Liomesus dalei (Sowerby 1825)O27, BR17 [=Buccinum daleiO27, *Buccinopsis daleiBR17; incl. B. dalei var. eburneaJ64]

*Macron aethiops kellettii (Adams 1853)O27 [=Pseudoliva kellettiiO27, M. (Zemira) kellettiiC64; incl. Pusio trochlea Gray msC64]

Pareuthria fuscata (Bruguière 1789)KF22 [=Buccinum fuscatumP61, Cominella fuscataF26; incl. Fusus plumbeus Philippi 1844KF22, C. plumbeaF26, *Pareuthria plumbeaKF22]

Pareuthria valdiviae Thiele 1925 [incl. Probuccinum tenerum Tomlin 1948 non Neobuccinum tenerum Smith 1907]P61

*Pseudoneptunea varicosa (Roeding 1798)C75 [=Neptunea varicosaC75, Buccinum varicosumKF22, Murex varicosusC75, Siphonalia (Pseudoneptunea) varicosaC75; incl. S. bantamensis Martin 1895C75, S. (P.) bantamensisC75]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

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