Buccinum

 Common whelk Buccinum undatum, copyright Malcolm Storey.

Belongs within: Buccininae.

Buccinum is a genus of whelks found in colder waters of both hemispheres. The type species is the common whelk B. undatum of the northern Atlantic which is widely harvested for food. The shell of B. undatum is sculpted with thick, waved folds crossed by prominently incised spiral lines.

Characters (from Oldroyd 1927): Shell few-whorled; whorls ventricose; aperture large; canal very short, reflected; operculum lamellar, nucleus external.

Buccinum Linnaeus 1758 [incl. Bathybuccinum Golikov & Sirenko 1989, Volutharpa Fischer 1856; Buccinini]KF22
|--*B. undatum Linnaeus 1758O27, KF22, L58 (see below for synonymy)
| |--B. u. undatumF27
| `--B. u. minusculum Finlay 1927 [=B. undatum minimum non B. minimum Montagu 1803]F27
`--+--+--B. glaciale Linnaeus 1761KF22, O27
| | |--B. g. glacialeO27
| | `--B. g. parallelum Dall 1919O27
| `--B. hydrophanum Hancock 1846KF22
`--+--B. perryi (Jay 1857)KF22 [=Bullia perryiBC01, Volutharpa ampullacea perryiBC01]
`--+--B. chishimanum Pilsbry 1904KF22, O27
`--+--B. bicordatum (Golikov & Sirenko 1989) [=*Bathybuccinum bicordatum]KF22
`--B. nipponense Dall 1907KF22

Buccinum incertae sedis:
B. aleuticum Dall 1894O27
‘Volutharpa’ ampullacea Middendorff 1848O27 [=Bullia ampullaceaC64]
B. angulosum Gray 1839O27
|--B. a. angulosumO27
|--B. a. cnismatopleura Dall 1919O27
|--B. a. normale Dall 1885O27
|--B. a. subcostatum Dall 1885O27
`--B. a. transliratum Dall 1919O27
B. baeri Middendorff 1848O27
|--B. b. baeriO27
`--B. b. moerchianum Fischer 1858O27
B. brevidentatum [incl. Purpura cornigera, P. ocellata]C64
B. bulimuloideum Dall 1907O27
B. calcaratum Lightfoot 1786K65
B. canaliculatumCF02
B. castaneum Dall 1877O27
|--B. c. castaneumO27
|--B. c. fluctuatum Dall 1919O27
|--B. c. incisulum Dall 1919O27
`--B. c. triplostephahum Dall 1919O27
B. chartium Dall 1919O27
B. ciliatum Fabricius 1780O27
B. cnismatum Dall 1907O27
B. costatum Linnaeus 1758L58
B. decussatum Linnaeus 1758L58
B. denticulatum [incl. B. armatum, Purpura rupestris]C64
*Volutharpa’ deshayesiana Fischer 1856BR17
B. diplodetum Dall 1907O27
B. distortum [incl. Clavella triumphalis, Columbella triumphalis]C64
B. erinaceus Linnaeus 1758L58
B. eugrammatum Dall 1907O27
B. fischerianum Dall 1871O27
B. fringillum Dall 1877O27
B. funiculatum Reeve 1846 [incl. Latirus strangei Adams 1854]H08
B. groenlandicum [incl. B. anglicanum, B. boreale, B. cyaneum]J64
B. humphreysianum Bennett 1825O27
B. incertum Orbigny in Murchison 1845TTE93
B. interstriatumC64
B. iris Lightfoot 1786K65
B. jacksonianum Quoy & Gaimard 1833 [=Nassa jacksonensis]C75
B. kadiakense Dall 1907O27
B. laevigatum Linnaeus 1758L58
B. lima Martyn 1784C64
B. limnoideumO27
B. midori Habe & Ito 1965P01
B. mirandum Smith 1895V89
B. nitidulum Linnaeus 1758L58
B. ochotense (Middendorff 1848) [=Tritonium ochotense]O27
B. oedematum Dall 1907O27
B. olearium Linnaeus 1758L58
B. pemphigus Dall 1907O27
|--B. p. pemphigusO27
|--B. p. major Dall 1919O27
`--B. p. orotundum Dall 1907O27
B. percrassum Dall 1881O27
B. physematum Dall 1919O27
B. picturatum Dall 1877O27
B. planaxisC64
B. planeticum Dall 1919O27
B. plectrum Stimpson 1865O27 [=B. undatum plectrumZC10]
B. plicatum Linnaeus 1758L58
B. polare Gray 1839O27
B. praemorsum Linnnaeus 1758L58
B. pustulosum Lightfoot 1786K65
B. pyrostoma Reeve 1842R42
B. robinsoniiH79
B. rondinum Dall 1919O27
B. rossellinum Dall 1919O27
B. scabriculum Linnaeus 1758L58
B. scalariforme [incl. B. tortuosum]C64
B. sericatum Hancock 1846O27
B. sigmatopleura Dall 1907O27
B. simplex [=Tritonium (Buccinum) simplex]C64
B. simulatum Dall 1907O27
B. smaragdulus Linnaeus 1758L58
B. solenum Dall 1919O27
B. stimpsonianumC64
B. strigillatum Dall 1891O27
|--B. s. strigillatumO27
`--B. s. fucanum Dall 1907O27
B. tanquaryi Baker 1919BC01
B. taurinum Lightfoot 1786K65
B. tenebrosum Hancock 1840O27
B. tenellum Dall 1883O27
B. tenue Gray 1839O27 [incl. Cassis massenaeC64]
|--B. t. tenueO27
|--B. t. lyperum Dall 1919O27
`--B. t. rhodium Dall 1919O27
B. testiculus Linnaeus 1758L58
B. testudo Lightfoot 1786K65
B. tuberosum Linnaeus 1758L58
B. tumescens Finlay 1927 [=B. meridionale inflata Harmer 1913 non B. inflatum Hutton 1873]F27
B. vicaryi d’Archiac & Haime 1854 [=Cancellaria vicarii d’Archiac 1850 (n. n.)]PH90
B. virgineum Linnaeus 1758L58
B. viridum Dall 1889O27
B. yokomaruae Yamashita & Habe 1965ZC10

*Buccinum undatum Linnaeus 1758O27, KF22, L58 [=Tritonium (Buccinum) undatumC64; incl. B. undatum var. pelagicaC64, T. (B.) undatum var. schantaricaC64]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C75] Cernohorsky, W. O. 1975. The taxonomy of some Indo-Pacific Mollusca. Part 3. With descriptions of new taxa and remarks on an Ecuadorian fossil species of Turridae. Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum 12: 213–234.

[CF02] Chaparro, O. R., & M. L. Flores. 2002. Reproductive output of Crepidula fecunda females: Distribution of energy in the production of gametes and capsular walls. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 661–673.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[H79] Haast, J. von. 1879. Geology of the Provinces of Canterbury and Westland, New Zealand. A report comprising the results of official explorations. “Times” Office: Christchurch.

[H08] Hedley, C. 1908. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part X. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 456–489, pls 7–10.

[J64] Jeffreys, J. G. 1864. The Upper Tertiary fossils at Uddevalla, in Sweden. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33 (Notices and Abstracts): 73–79.

[KF22] Kantor, Y. I., A. E. Fedosov, A. R. Kosyan, N. Puillandre, P. A. Sorokin, Y. Kano, R. Clark & P. Bouchet. 2022. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of the Buccinoidea (Neogastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 194 (3): 789–857.

[K65] Kay, E. A. 1965. The Reverend John Lightfoot, Daniel Solander, and the Portland Catalogue. Nautilus 79 (1): 10–19.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 1. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P01] Petit, R. E. 2001. Book review: Catalogue and bibliography of the marine shell-bearing mollusca of Japan. Type figures. Nautilus 115 (3): 114.

[PH90] Petit, R. E., & M. G. Harasewych. 1990. Catalogue of the superfamily Cancellarioidea Forbes and Hanley, 1851 (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Nautilus 103 (Suppl. 1): 1–69.

[R42] Reeve, L. 1842. Descriptions of new species of shells figured in the ‘Conchologia Systematica’. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 197–200.

[TTE93] Tracey, S., J. A. Todd & D. H. Erwin. 1993. Mollusca: Gastropoda. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 131–167. Chapman & Hall: London.

[V89] Vermeij, G. J. 1989. Habitat and form of Crepidula grandis in Japan, with comments on habitat specialization in calyptraeid gastropods. Nautilus 103 (3): 89–91.

[ZC10] Zhang, S., & Z. Chen. 2010. Species composition and faunal characteristics of Buccinacea (Mollusca, Gastropdoa) of the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of “Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean”, 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 117–118. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

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