Tomato stem infected with Ralstonia solanacearum, copyright Clemson University.

Belongs within: Chromatibacteria.
Contains: Alcaligenaceae, Comamonadaceae, Burkholderia.

The Burkholderiales are a group of Gram-negative bacteria united by phylogenetic analyses.

    |    |--BurkholderiaBL03
    |    |--CupriavidusGH01
    |    |--LautropiaGH01
    |    `--Thermothrix thioparaGH01, PHK96
       |    |  i. s.: P. apistaCV03
       |    |--P. sputorumBL03
       |    `--+--P. norimbergensisBL03
       |       `--P. pulmonicolaBL03
       `--+--Candidatus Glomeribacter Bianciotto, Lumini et al. 2003BL03
          |    `--*G. gigasporarum Bianciotto, Lumini et al. 2003BL03
          `--Ralstonia [Ralstoniaceae]BL03
               |  i. s.: R. eutrophaNL03
               |         R. metalliduransNL03
               |--R. solanacearumBL03
               `--+--R. gilardiiBL03
                  `--R. pauculaBL03
Burkholderiales incertae sedis:
  ‘Pseudomonas’ testosteroniPHK96
    |--Janthinobacterium lividumGH01, Z92 [=Chromobacterium lividumZ92]
         |--*H. seropedicaeVV03
         |--H. frisingense Kirchhof et al. 2001JC08
         |--H. lusitanum Valverde, Velázquez et al. 2003VV03
         `--H. rubrisubalbicans [=Pseudomonas rubrisubalbicans]VV03

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BL03] Bianciotto, V., E. Lumini, P. Bonfante & P. Vandamme. 2003. ‘Candidatus Glomeribacter gigasporarum’ gen. nov., sp. nov., an endosymbiont of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 121–124.

[CV03] Coenye, T., M. Vancanneyt, M. C. Cnockaert, E. Falsen, J. Swings & P. Vandamme. 2003. Kerstersia gyiorum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Alcaligenes faecalis-like organism isolated from human clinical samples, and reclassification of Alcaligenes denitrificans Rüger and Tan 1983 as Achromobacter denitrificans comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1825–1831.

[GH01] Garrity, G. M., & J. G. Holt. 2001. The road map to the Manual. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 119–166. Springer.

[JC08] Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. 2008. Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 58: 1755–1763.

[NL03] Notomista, E. A. Lahm, A. Di Donato & A. Tramontano. 2003. Evolution of bacterial and archaeal multicomponent monooxygenases. Journal of Molecular Evolution 56: 435–445.

[PHK96] Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology 3rd ed. Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[VV03] Valverde, A., E. Velázquez, C. Gutiérrez, E. Cervantes, A. Ventosa & J.-M. Igual. 2003. Herbaspirillum lusitanum sp. nov., a novel nitrogen-fixing bacterium associated with root nodules of Phaseolus vulgaris. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1979–1983.

[Z92] Zumpft, W. G. 1992. The denitrifying prokaryotes. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 554–582. Springer-Verlag: New York.

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