Byrrhoidea

Chelonarium signatum, copyright Diogo Luiz.

Belongs within: Elateriformia.
Contains: Byrrhinae, Dryopidae, Ptilodactylidae, Psephenidae, Elmidae, Limnichidae, Heteroceridae.

The Byrrhoidea are a clade of often aquatic or riparian beetles that commonly have a specialised mode of wing-folding (Lawrence & Britton 1991). Representatives include the Byrrhidae, convex, compact beetles with a deflexed head, transverse procoxae and retractile appendages that mostly feed on mosses (Johnson 2002). Lutrochus is a New World genus of ovate, strongly convex, densely pubescent beetles bearing short antennae with the first two segments long and broad, and apically elongate mandibles (Shepard 2002a).

<==Byrrhoidea [Dryopoidea, Psephenoidea]MW15
    |  i. s.: Sinodryopites Hong 2002 [Sinodryopitidae]H02
    |           `--*S. ovalifemorales Hong 2002H02
    |         Expansifemoria Hong 2002H02
    |           `--*E. orientalis Hong 2002H02
    |         Brachypodites Hong 2002H02
    |           `--*B. liaoningensis Hong 2002H02
    |         Actinocerites Hong 2002H02
    |           `--*A. punctatus Hong 2002H02
    |--Byrrhidae [Birrhii, Brachymera, Byrrhida, Syncalyptidae]MW15
    |    |  i. s.: Notolioon gemmatus (Lea 1920) [=Pedilophorus gemmatus]B14
    |    |--ByrrhinaeMW15
    |    |--Amphicyrta Erichson 1843 [incl. Eucyphus Mannerheim 1852; Amphicyrtinae]J02
    |    |    |--A. chrysomelinaJ02
    |    |    `--A. dentipesJ02
    |    `--SyncalyptinaeMW15
    |         |--MicrochaetesMW15
    |         |--Chaetophora Kirby & Spence 1823 [incl. Syncalypta Stephens 1830]J02
    |         |    `--C. spinosaKB11
    |         |--Curimopsis Ganglbauer 1902J02
    |         |    `--C. setigeraKB11
    |         `--Sierraclava Johnson 1982J02
    |              `--S. cooperiJ02
    `--+--+--+--DryopidaeMW15
       |  |  `--Lutrochus Erichson 1847S02a [LutrochidaeMW15]
       |  |       |--L. arizonicusMW15
       |  |       |--L. germari Grouvelle 1889B14
       |  |       `--L. luteusS02a
       |  `--CallirhipidaeMW15
       |       |--HoratoceraB14
       |       |--Ennometes lacordaireiLB91, M86
       |       |--Zenoa Say 1835Y02
       |       |    `--Z. piceaB14
       |       |--Celadonia laportei (Hope 1846)B14
       |       |    |--C. l. laporteiB14
       |       |    `--C. l. nigroimpressaB14
       |       `--Callirrhipis Latr. 1829FS90
       |            |--C. cardwellensisLB91
       |            |--C. dejeaniiB35
       |            |--C. insularis Cast. 1835FS90
       |            |--C. lacordairei Cast. 1834FS90
       |            |--C. lherminieri Cast. 1834 [incl. C. brunnea Cast. 1834]FS90
       |            `--C. ruficornisM86
       `--+--+--+--PtilodactylidaeMW15
          |  |  `--Podabrocephalus [Podabrocephalidae]MW15
          |  |       `--P. sinuaticollis Pic 1913B14
          |  `--+--Cneoglossa [Cneoglossidae]MW15
          |     |    |--C. edsoniB14
          |     |    `--C. lampyroides Champion 1897B14
          |     `--Anchytarsinae [Epilichadinae]MW15
          |          |--Epilichas oblongusI02a, B70
          |          |--Anchycteis Horn 1880I02a
          |          |    `--A. velutina Horn 1880I02a
          |          |--Anchytarsus Guérin-Méneville 1843I02a
          |          |    `--A. bicolor (Melsheimer 1846)I02a
          |          `--ByrrocryptusI02a
          |               |--B. oblongusLB91
          |               `--B. variegatusLB91
          `--+--+--PsephenidaeMW15
             |  `--+--ElmidaeMW15
             |     `--Eulichadidae [Lichadidae]MW15
             |          |--Stenocolus LeConte 1853S02b
             |          |    `--S. scutellaris LeConte 1853S02b
             |          `--EulichasB14
             |               |--E. sausaiB14
             |               `--E. serricornis Hájek 2009B14
             `--+--+--LimnichidaeMW15
                |  `--HeteroceridaeMW15
                `--ChelonariidaeMW15
                     |--Brounia thoracicaLE04
                     `--+--PseudochelonariumLE04
                        `--Chelonarium Fabricius 1801LE04, FS90
                             |--C. atrumL02
                             |--C. australicumLB91
                             |--C. lecontei Thomson 1867I02b
                             |--C. ornatum Klug 1825B14
                             |--C. pilosellum Chv. 1880FS90
                             |--C. punctatumI02b
                             `--C. signatumB14

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. Faune entomologique de l’océan Pacifique, avec l’illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature’s gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[B70] Britton, E. B. 1970. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 495–621. Melbourne University Press.

[FS90] Fleutiaux, E., & A. Sallé. 1890. Liste des coléoptères de la Guadeloupe et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 351–484.

[H02] Hong Y. 2002. Amber Insect of China. Beijing Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

[I02a] Ivie, M. A. 2002a. Ptilodactylidae Laporte 1836. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 135–138. CRC Press.

[I02b] Ivie, M. A. 2002b. Chelonariidae Blanchard 1845. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 139–141. CRC Press.

[J02] Johnson, P. J. 2002. Byrrhidae Latreille 1804. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 113–116. CRC Press.

[KB11] Kundrata, R., & L. Bocak. 2011. The phylogeny and limits of Elateridae (Insecta, Coleoptera): is there a common tendency of click beetles to soft-bodiedness and neoteny? Zoologica Scripta 40: 364–378.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[LE04] Leschen, R., & J. Early. 2004. New collection of Brounia thoracica (Coleoptera: Chelonariidae). Weta 27: 15–21.

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part IV. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 259–380.

[MW15] McKenna, D. D., A. L. Wild, K. Kanda, C. L. Bellamy, R. G. Beutel, M. S. Caterino, C. W. Farnum, D. C. Hawks, M. A. Ivie, M. L. Jameson, R. A. B. Leschen, A. E. Marvaldi, J. V. McHugh, A. F. Newton, J. A. Robertson, M. K. Thayer, M. F. Whiting, J. F. Lawrence, A. Ślipiński, D. R. Maddison & B. D. Farrell. 2015. The beetle tree of life reveals that Coleoptera survived end-Permian mass extinction to diversify during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. Systematic Entomology 40 (4): 835–880.

[S02a] Shepard, W. D. 2002a. Lutrochidae Kasap and Crowson 1975. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 123–124. CRC Press.

[S02b] Shepard, W. D. 2002b. Eulichadidae Crowson 1973. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 142–143. CRC Press.

[Y02] Young, D. K. 2002. Callirhipidae Emden 1924. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 144–145. CRC Press.

 

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