Cape marguerite Osteospermum ecklonis, copyright Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz.

Belongs within: Asteroideae.

The Calenduleae are a group of composite-flowered plants in which the receptacle is naked and which lack a pappus (Black & Robertson 1965).

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Heads heterogamous-radiate; disk flowers usually bisexual but sterile; styles of sterile disk flowers shortly bifid or entire at summit; receptacle nake; anthers acute or acuminate at base; achenes comparatively large, variable in shape; pappus absent; leaves alternate.

    |--Dimorphotheca (Vaillant) Moench. 1794 [incl. Gattenhoffia von Necker 1790 (nom. rej.)]BR65
    |    |--D. pluvialis [incl. D. annua]BR65
    |    `--D. sinuataH93
    |--Chrysanthemoides Medik. 1789BR65
    |    `--C. monilifera [=Osteospermum moniliferum]BR65
    |         |--C. m. ssp. moniliferaWFS04
    |         `--C. m. ssp. rotundataWFS04
    |    |--C. aegyptiacaD17
    |    |--C. algeriensisB28
    |    |--C. arvensisBR65
    |    `--C. officinalisBR65
         |--O. calendulaceum [=Oligocarpus calendulaceus]BR65
         |--O. clandestinum [=Tripteris clandestina]BR65
         |--O. ecklonis [=Dimorphotheca ecklonis]H93
         |--O. montanumCV06
         `--O. muricatumCV06
              |--O. m. ssp. muricatumCV06
              `--O. m. ssp. longiradiatumCV06

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B28] Betrem, J. G. 1928. Monographie der Indo-Australischen Scoliiden mit zoogeographischen Betrachtungen. H. Veenman & Zonen: Wageningen.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae–Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[D17] Diels, L. 1917. Beiträge zur Flora der Zentral-Sahara und ihrer Pflanzengeographie. Nach der Sammelausbeute des Freiherrn Hans Geyr von Schweppenburg. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 54 (Beiblatt 120): 51–155.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[S06] Stuckert, T. 1906. Distribución geográfica de la flora Argentina. Géneros de la familia de las compuestas. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, serie 3, 6: 303–309.

[WFS04] Winks, C. J., S. V. Fowler & L. A. Smith. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61–72.

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