Caligidae

Adult female (right) and adult male Caligus rogercresseyi, from Gallardo-Escárate et al. (2021).

Belongs within: Siphonostomatoida.

The Caligidae, sea lice, are a group of marine copepods that are ectoparasitic on fish.

<==Caligidae [Caligoida]
    |  i. s.: CaligopsisHL02
    |         DiphyllogasterHL02
    |         Nemesis Risso 1826R26
    |           |--*N. lamna Risso 1826R26
    |           `--N. robustaB02
    |         Otrophesa imbricataR26
    |--Pupulina van Beneden 1892HL02
    |--+--Paralebion Wilson 1911HL02
    |  `--Synestius Steenstrum & Lütken 1861HL02
    |--Lepeophtheirus Nordmann 1832HL02
    |    |--L. edwardsiM02
    |    |--L. nortmanniK-M02b
    |    |--L. pectoralisBK77
    |    `--L. salmonisKF02
    `--+--Caligus Müller 1759HL02
       |    |--C. afurcatus Wilson 1913 [=C. (Metacaligus) afurcatus]HL02
       |    |--C. centrodontiD56
       |    |--C. elongatusK-M02a
       |    |--C. enormis Wilson 1913 [=C. (Metacaligus) enormis]HL02
       |    |--C. labracisD56
       |    |--C. lessoniusR26
       |    |--C. minimusR26
       |    |--C. minutusD56
       |    |--C. pelamydisC02
       |    |--C. piscinusG20 [=Monoculus piscinusL02; incl. C. curtusG20, Oniscus lutosusL02]
       |    |--C. productus [incl. Monoculus salmoneus]L02
       |    |--C. radiatusM02
       |    |--C. rapaxM02
       |    |--C. rogercresseyiSC17
       |    `--C. teres Wilson 1905N44
       `--+--Sinocaligus Shen 1957HL02
          |--+--Parapetalus Steenstrup & Lütken 1861HL02
          |  `--+--Midias Wilson 1911HL02
          |     |    `--M. lobodesHL02
          |     `--+--Parechetus Pillai 1961HL02
          |        `--Pseudechetus Prabha & Pillai 1979HL02
          `--+--+--Pseudocaligus Scott 1901HL02
             |  `--Pseudolepeophtheirus Markewitsch 1940HL02
             `--+--Belizia Cressey 1990HL02
                |--+--Apogonia Cressey & Cressey 1990HL02
                |  |    `--A. stockiHL02
                |  `--Metacaligus Thomsen 1949HL02
                |       |--*M. uruguayensis (Thomsen 1949) [=Caligus (*Metacaligus) uryguayensis]HL02
                |       |--M. hilsae (Shen 1957) [=Caligus hilsae]HL02
                |       |--M. latus Ho & Lin 2002HL02
                |       `--M. rufus (Wilson 1908) [=Caligus rufus]HL02
                `--+--Anchicaligus Stebbing 1900HL02
                   `--+--Sciaenophilus van Beneden 1852HL02
                      `--+--Echetus Krøyer 1863HL02
                         `--+--Caligodes Heller 1865HL02
                            `--+--Caritus Cressey 1967HL02
                               `--+--+--Abasia Wilson 1908HL02
                                  |  `--Hermilius Heller 1868HL02
                                  `--+--+--Dartevellia Brian 1939HL02
                                     |  `--+--Arrama Dojiri & Cressey 1990HL02
                                     |     `--Kabataella Prabha & Pillai 1988HL02
                                     `--+--Anuretes Heller 1865 [incl. Heniochophilus]HL02
                                        `--+--Pseudanuretes Yamaguti 1936HL02
                                           `--Mappates Rangnekar 1958HL02
                                                `--M. plataxus Rangnekar 1958S69

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BK77] Barel, C. D. N., & P. G. N. Kramers. 1977. A survey of the echinoderm associates of the north-east Atlantic area. Zoologische Verhandelingen 156: 1–159.

[B02] Branstetter, S. 2002. Thresher sharks. Family Alopiidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 34–36. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[C02] Collette. B. B. 2002. Mackerels. Family Scombridae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 516–536. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[HL02] Ho, J.-S., & C.-L. Lin. 2002. New species of Metacaligus (Caligidae, Copepoda) parasitic on the cutlassfish (Trichiurus lepturus) of Taiwan, with a cladistic analysis of the family Caligidae. Zoological Science 19: 1363–1375.

[K-M02a] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002a. Cods. Family Gadidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 223–261. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[K-M02b] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002b. Ocean sunfishes. Family Molidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 603–607. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[KF02] Kocik, J. F., & K. D. Friedland. 2002. Salmons and trouts. Family Salmonidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 170–181. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[M02] Munroe, T. A. 2002. Herrings. Family Clupeidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 111–160. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[N44] Nicholls, A. G. 1944. Littoral Copepoda from South Australia. (II) Calanoida, Cyclopoida, Notodelphyoida, Monstrilloida and Caligoida. Records of the South Australian Museum 8 (1): 1–62.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[SC17] Schwentner, M., D. J. Combosch, J. P. Nelson & G. Giribet. 2017. A phylogenomic solution to the origin of insects by resolving crustacean-hexapod relationships. Current Biology 27: 1818–1824.

[S69] Steyskal, G. C. 1969. The mistreatment of the Latin genitive case in forming names of parasites. Systematic Zoology 18 (3): 339–342.

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