Female pencilled blue Candalides absimilis, copyright Ross Field.

Belongs within: Lycaenidae.

The Candalidini are lycaenid butterflies in which the pupa has a lateral flange on the head and abdomen, and is often rugose (Braby 2000).

    |--Nesolycaena Waterhouse & Turner 1905 [incl. Adaluma Tindale 1922]B00
    |    |--N. albosericea (Miskin 1891)B00
    |    |--N. caesia d’Apice & Miller 1992B12
    |    |--N. medicea Braby 1996B00
    |    `--N. urumelia (Tindale 1922)B00
    |--Erina Swainson 1833BE20
    |    |--E. delospila (Waterhouse 1903)BE20
    |    `--+--E. acasta (Cox 1873)BE20
    |       `--+--+--E. erina (Fabricius 1775)BE20
    |          |  `--E. geminus (Edwards & Kerr 1978)BE20
    |          |       |--E. g. geminusBE20
    |          |       `--E. g. gagadjuBE20
    |          `--+--E. gilesi (Williams & Bollam 2001) [=Candalides hyacinthinus gilesi]BE20
    |             `--E. hyacinthina (Semper 1879)BE20
    |                  |--E. h. hyacinthinaBE20
    |                  `--E. h. simplex (Tepper 1882)BE20
    `--Candalides Hübner 1819 (see below for synonymy)B00
         |  i. s.: C. noelkeriNS04
         |--C. xanthospilos groupB00
         |    |--*C. xathospilos (Hübner 1817)B00
         |    `--C. heathi (Cox 1873) [=*Microscena heathi]B00
         |         |--C. h. heathiB00
         |         |--C. h. alpina Waterhouse 1928B00
         |         `--C. h. doddi Burns 1948B00
         |--C. absimilis groupB00
         |    |--C. absimilis (Felder 1862)B00
         |    |--C. consimilis Waterhouse 1942B00
         |    |    |--C. c. consimilisB00
         |    |    |--C. c. goodingi (Tindale 1965)B00
         |    |    `--C. c. toza (Kerr 1967)B00
         |    |--C. cyprotus (Olliff 1886) [=*Cyprotides cyprotus]B00
         |    |    |--C. c. cyprotusB00
         |    |    `--C. c. pallescens (Tite 1963)B00
         |    |--C. gilberti Waterhouse 1903B00
         |    |--C. helenita (Semper 1879)B00
         |    `--C. margarita (Semper 1879)B00
         |         |--C. m. margaritaB12
         |         `--C. gilberti Waterhouse 1903B12
         `--C. erinus groupB00
              |--C. acasta (Cox 1873)B00
              |--C. delospila (Waterhouse 1903) [=*Zetona delospila]B00
              |--C. erinus (Fabricius 1775)B12
              |--C. geminus Edwards & Kerr 1978B00
              `--C. hyacinthina (Semper 1879)B00
                   |--C. h. hyacinthina [incl. C. hyacinthina eugenia Waterhouse & Lyell 1914]B00
                   `--C. h. simplexa (Tepper 1882)B00

Candalides Hübner 1819 [incl. Cyprotides Tite 1963, Holochila Felder 1862, Microscena Tite 1963, Zetona Waterhouse 1938]B00

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[B12] Braby, M. F. 2012. The butterflies of El Questro Wilderness Park, with remarks on the taxonomy of the Kimberley fauna, Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 27 (2): 161–175.

[BE20] Braby, M. F., & R. Eastwood. 2020. Immature stages of the butterfly Erina gilesi (M. R. Williams & Bollam, 2001) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): description and comparative morphology of Erina species. Records of the Western Australian Museum 35: 39–49.

[NS04] New, T. R., & D. P. A. Sands. 2004. Management of threatened insect species in Australia, with particular reference to butterflies. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 258–270.

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