Mating pair of Cantharis fusca, copyright Darius Baužys.

Belongs within: Cantharinae.

Cantharis is a Holarctic genus of soldier beetles found in both forested and open habitats, in association with foliage and flowers. The composition of the genus remains poorly defined with many species awaiting revision. Most species (in the subgenus Cantharis) have a basal tooth on the anterior meso- and/or metatarsal claws, but the Californian C. (Cyrtomoptila) sierrae has all claws simple. Two species native to Europe, C. livida and C. rufa, have also become established in North America (Ramsdale 2002).

Characters (from Ramsdale 2002): Frontoclypeal suture absent; apical maxillary palpomere bilaterally symmetrical; gular sutures widely separated; third tarsomere emarginate, insertion of fourth tarsomere pre-apical; male with seventh abdominal ventrite with posterior margin entire, eighth (caudal) abdominal ventrite small and subtriangular; male genitalia with laterophyses separated.

Cantharis Linnaeus 1758 (see below for synonymy)R02
|--C. (Cantharis)R02
| |--C. (C.) anebaR02
| |--C. (C.) circumdatus [=Telephorus (C.) circumdata, T. (C.) circumdatus]G00
| |--C. (C.) fusca Linnaeus 1758R02, L58 [=Telephorus fuscusL02]
| |--C. (C.) rotundicollisR02
| `--C. (C.) transmarinaR02
`--C. (Cyrtomoptila Motschulsky 1860)R02
`--C. (C.) sierraeR02

Cantharis incertae sedis:
C. acutipennisB35 [=Telephorus acutipennisMac86]
C. aenea Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ aenescensF89
‘Telephorus’ alternatus Lea 1909L09
‘Telephorus’ apterus Olliff 1889L09
C. assimilisC01
‘Telephorus’ atrifrons Fairmaire 1889F89
C. australis (n. d.) [=Telephorus australis]L09
C. biguttata Linnaeus 1758L58 [=Telephorus biguttatusL02]
C. bipustulata Linnaeus 1758L58
C. caerulea Linnaeus 1758L58
C. chinensis Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ cinctipennis Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 (see below for synonymy)FS90
C. cirtana Lucas 1846E12
‘Telephorus’ coriaceipennis Fairmaire 1889F89
‘Telephorus’ curvipes Lea 1909L09
‘Telephorus’ davidis Fairmaire 1889F89
‘Telephorus’ dimidiaticrus Fairmaire 1889F89
C. fasciata Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ flavipennis Macleay 1872Mas86
‘Telephorus’ fossulatus Lucas 1846E12
‘Telephorus’ froggatti Macl. 1887L09
‘Telephorus’ fulvicollisR26
‘Telephorus’ geniculatus Lucas 1846E12
‘Telephorus’ gibbicollisF89
C. ignita Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ immaturus Lea 1909L09
‘Telephorus’ imperialis [incl. T. pictus (preoc.), T. sticticus Gemming 1870]L09
‘Telephorus’ impressipennisF89
‘Telephorus’ inconstans Lea 1909L09
C. inflaticeps Beauregard 1890 [=C. fissiceps Haag-Rut. 1880 non Lec. 1858]B90
C. interrupta Fairmaire 1889F89
C. italica Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ kershawi Lea 1909L09
C. lampyris Linnaeus 1758L58
C. lateralis Linnaeus 1758L58
C. lineataB35
C. livida Linnaeus 1758L58 [=Telephorus lividusR26]
C. lucida Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ macrops Lea 1909L09
‘Telephorus’ maculicornis Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
C. mannerheimiiF89
‘Telephorus’ mastersi Macleay 1872Mas86
C. mauritanica Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus mauritanicus’ Lucas 1846 non Cantharis mauritanica Linnaeus 1758E12
C. melanura Linnaeus 1758L58 [=Telephorus melanurusR26]
‘Telephorus’ metallipennisF89
C. minima Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ mossmani Macl. 1887L09
C. navalis Linnaeus 1758L58
C. nigrinaG01
‘Telephorus’ nigroterminalis Lea 1909L09
C. nobilitatus Erichs. 1842L09 (see below for synonymy)
C. noctiluca Linnaeus 1758L58
C. obscura Linnaeus 1758L58
C. oculataC01
‘Telephorus’ pallidusR26
‘Telephorus’ palmerstoni Blackb. 1888L09
C. pectinata Linnaeus 1758L58
C. pectinicornis Linnaeus 1758L58
C. pedicularia Linnaeus 1758L58
C. pellucidaC01
C. phosphorea Linnaeus 1758L58
C. posticalis Fairm. 1879Mas86
‘Telephorus’ praeusta [=Telephorus praeustus]B35
‘Telephorus’ pulchellusL09 [=Callianthia pulchellaB35; incl. T. pulchellus var. notophilus Blackb. 1900L09]
C. pyralis Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ rubriceps Macl. 1887L09
C. rufa Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ rufiventris Macl. 1887L09
‘Telephorus’ rugosocyaneus Fairmaire 1889F89
C. rusticaC01
C. sanguinea Linnaeus 1758L58
C. schaefferi [=Telephorus schaefferi]B35
‘Telephorus’ sculptus Lucas 1846E12
C. serrata Linnaeus 1758L58
‘Telephorus’ stigmaticollisF89
‘Telephorus’ stigmaticusF89
‘Telephorus’ tepperi Blackb. 1888L09
‘Telephorus’ testaceusR26
‘Telephorus’ teter Gorham 1901G01
C. tropica Linnaeus 1758L58
C. ulkei Beauregard 1890B90
C. vanikorensis Boisduval 1835B35
‘Telephorus’ violaceusF89
‘Telephorus’ viridipennis (Macl. 1887) [=Selenurus viridipennis]L09
C. viridissima Linnaeus 1758L58
C. ‘viridissima’ Lucas 1846 non Linnaeus 1758E12

Cantharis Linnaeus 1758 [incl. Absidiella Wittmer 1972, Dicranodes Motschulsky 1860, Oripa Motschulsky 1860, Telephorus Schaeffer 1766]R02

Cantharis nobilitatus Erichs. 1842L09 [=Telephorus nobilitatusL09; incl. T. nobilitatus var. andersoni Blackb. 1886L09, T. nobilitatus var. proprius Blackb. 1886L09, T. nobilitatus var. ruficollis Macleay 1872L09, Mas86, T. tricolorL09, T. nobilitatus var. vibex Blackb. 1886L09]

Telephorus’ cinctipennis Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 [incl. T. cinctipennis var. propinquus Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890]FS90

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B90] Beauregard, M. 1890. Notes synonymiques suivantes relativement à quelques espèces de la tribu des vésicants. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: ccxii–ccxiii.

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. Faune entomologique de l’océan Pacifique, avec l’illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F89] Fairmaire, L. 1889. Coléoptères de l’intérieur de la Chine. 5e partie. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 5–84.

[FS90] Fleutiaux, E., & A. Sallé. 1890. Liste des coléoptères de la Guadeloupe et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 351–484.

[G00] Gorham, H. S. 1900. Descriptions of new genera and species of Coleoptera from South and West Africa, of the section Serricornia, and of the families Erotylidae, Endomychidae, and Languriidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 71–94.

[G01] Gorham, H. S. 1901. Descriptions of genera and species of Coleoptera from South Africa (continued). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 349–365.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L09] Lea, A. M. 1909. Revision of the Australian and Tasmanian Malacodermidae. Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1909 (1): 45–251, pls 2–6.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[Mac86] Macleay, W. 1886. The insects of the Fly River, New Guinea, “Coleoptera”. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 136–157.

[Mas86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part IV. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 259–380.

[R02] Ramsdale, A. S. 2002. Cantharidae Imhoff 1856. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 202–218. CRC Press.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.


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