Catantopinae

Gumleaf grasshopper Goniaea australasiae, from Brisbane Insects.

Belongs within: Acridoidea.
Contains: Peakesiina, Apotropina, Coryphistina, Macrotonina.

The Catantopinae, spur-throated grasshoppers, are a diverse group of grasshoppers (particularly in the Australian region) characterised by the presence of a tubercle or spine on the prosternum, and the absence of an external apical spine on the hind tibia (Rentz 1996).

<==CatantopinaeR96
    |--Urnisiella [Urnisiellini]R96
    |    `--U. rubropunctataR96
    |--Kakaduacris [Kakaduacridini]R96
    |    `--K. minutaR96
    |--Traulia [Trauliini]E00
    |    `--T. azureipennisE00
    |--HistrioacridiniR96
    |    |--ScurraR96
    |    `--Histrioacrida [Histrioacridina]R96
    |         `--H. roseipennisR96
    `--CatantopiniR96
         |--PeakesiinaR96
         |--ApotropinaR96
         |--Pyrgophistes [Pyrgophistina]R96
         |--Hepalicus [Hepalicina]R96
         |    `--H. gracilisK91
         |--Loiteria [Loiteriina]R96
         |--CoryphistinaR96
         |--UrnisinaR96
         |    |--UrnisaR96
         |    |    |--U. guttulosaR96
         |    |    `--U. rugosaK91
         |    `--Rhitzala modestaR96
         |--EcphantinaR96
         |    |--Ecphantus quadrilobusR96
         |    `--HapparanaR96
         |--MaclystriinaR96
         |    |--Maclystria planicostaR96
         |    `--PerlocciaR96
         |--MicreolinaR96
         |    |--MicreolaR96
         |    `--SumbilviaR96
         |--MacrazelotinaR96
         |    |--Macrazelota cervinaR96
         |    `--Rusurplia tristisR96
         |--CirphulinaR96
         |    |--CirphulaR96
         |    |    |--C. flavotibialisK91
         |    |    `--C. pyrrhocnemisR96
         |    |--MacrolopholiaR96
         |    `--ChirotepicaR96
         |--RussalpiinaR96
         |    |--TruganiniaR96
         |    |--Tasmanalpina clavataR96
         |    |--Russalpia albertisiK91
         |    `--Tasmaniacris tasmaniensisR96
         |--CratilopinaR96
         |    |--TypayaR96
         |    |--CapperalaR96
         |    |--CratilopusR96
         |    `--Exarhalltia obscuraR96, K91
         |--CatantopinaR96
         |    |--Catantops splendensC96
         |    `--StenocatantopsR96
         |         |--S. angustifronsR96
         |         |--S. splendensE00
         |         `--S. vitripennisR96
         |--BuforaniinaR96
         |    |--Buforania crassaR96
         |    |--CuparessaR96
         |    |--Raniliella testudoR96
         |    |--PhanerocerusR96
         |    `--Tapesta carneipesR96
         |--Goniaea [Goniaeina]R96
         |    |--G. australasiaeR96
         |    |--G. carinataK90
         |    |--G. furciferaR96
         |    |--G. hyalinaS61
         |    |--G. opomaloidesR96
         |    `--G. vocansR96
         |--StropinaR96
         |    |--Adlappa erythropteraR96
         |    |--Collitera variegataR96
         |    |--Parazelum rubripesR96
         |    `--StropisR96
         |         |--S. glaucescensR96
         |         |--S. maculosaR96
         |         `--S. nigrovitellinaMC13
         |--AretzinaR96
         |    |--Terpillaria pulchraR96
         |    |--Zebratula flavonigraR96
         |    |--AretzaR96
         |    |--Macrocara conglobataR96
         |    |--ExarnaR96
         |    `--Brachyexarna lobipennisR96
         |--MacrotoninaR96
         |--PerbelliinaR96
         |    |--Perbellia pictaR96
         |    |--Minyacris nanaR96
         |    |--PorraxiaR96
         |    |--Ablectia rufescensR96, MC13
         |    |--RectitropisR96
         |    |--Capraxa cinnamomeaR96
         |    `--PhaulacridiumR96
         |         |--P. marginale (Walker 1870) [=Caloptenus marginalis; incl. P. luteum Hutton 1897]B67
         |         `--P. vittatumR96
         `--EumecistinaR96
              |--Eumecistes gratiosusR96
              |--PespuliaR96
              |--Pardillana amplaR96
              |--EuomopalonR96
              |--RetuspiaR96
              |--Erythropomala amaenaR96
              |--CervidiaR96
              |--MicrophistesR96
              `--AsorameaR96
Catantopinae incertae sedis:
  Arminda Krauss 1892OK06
  Apoboleus affinisE00
  Serpusia succursorE00
  Paprides Hutton 1897B67
    |--*P. nitidus Hutton 1897 [incl. P. furcifer Hutton 1898]B67
    `--P. dugdali Bigelow 1967B67
  Sigaus Hutton 1897 [incl. Huttonacris Rehn 1953, Trigoniza Hutton 1897]B67
    |--*S. piliferus Hutton 1897B67
    |--S. australis (Hutton 1897) (see below for synonymy)B67
    |--S. campestris (Hutton 1897) (see below for synonymy)B67
    |--S. minutus Bigelow 1967B67
    |--S. obelisci Bigelow 1967B67
    `--S. villosus (Salmon 1950) [=Brachaspis villosa]B67
  Brachaspis Hutton 1898B67
    |--*B. nivalis (Hutton 1897) (see below for synonymy)B67
    |--B. collinus (Hutton 1897) [=Pezotettix collina]B67
    `--B. robustus Bigelow 1967B67
  Alpinacris Bigelow 1967B67
    |--*A. crassicauda Bigelow 1967B67
    `--A. tumidicauda Bigelow 1967B67
  CatespaK90
  Scotussa rubripesBM76, R15
  Caperrala scabraK91
  Yrrhapta striataK91

*Brachaspis nivalis (Hutton 1897) [=Pezotettix nivalis; incl. P. petricola Hutton 1897, Brachaspis petricolus, P. terrestris Hutton 1897, B. terrestris]B67

Sigaus australis (Hutton 1897) [=Paprides australis; incl. P. armillatus Hutton 1898, P. torquatus Hutton 1898]B67

Sigaus campestris (Hutton 1897) [=Trigoniza campestris; incl. T. directa Hutton 1897, T. rugosa Hutton 1897]B67

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B67] Bigelow, R. S. 1967. The Grasshoppers (Acrididae) of New Zealand: their taxonomy and distribution. University of Canterbury: Christchurch.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M. & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[C96] Chow, Y. S. 1996. Biology and life stages of Charletonia taiwanensis Tsai and Chow (Erythraeidae) in Taiwan. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 359–361. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[E00] Eades, D. C. 2000. Evolutionary relationships of phallic structures of Acridomorpha (Orthoptera). Journal of Orthoptera Research 9: 181–210.

[K90] Key, K. H. L. 1990. Host relations and distribution of species of Caeculisoma (Acarina: Erythraeidae) parasitising grasshoppers in Australia, with supplementary information for the genus Trombella (Trombellidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 38: 11–18.

[K91] Key, K. H. L. 1991. Host relations and distribution of Australian species of Charletonia (Acarina: Erythraeidae) parasitising grasshoppers. Australian Journal of Zoology 39: 31–43.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[OK06] Özdikmen, H., & A. B. Kury. 2006. Three homonymous generic names in Araneae and Opiliones. Journal of Arachnology 34 (1): 279–280.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[S61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Notes on the genus Caeculisoma (Acarina: Erythraeidae) with comments on the biology of the Erythraeoidea. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 84: 163–178.

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