Belongs within: Percomorpharia.Contains: Ceratioidei, Antennarioidei. The Lophiiformes, anglerfishes and related taxa, are marine fishes with a spinous dorsal fin composed of one to a few flexible rays, some of which may be modified into a fishing apparatus (Bond 1996). Characters (from Bond 1996): Gill openings small and tube-like; dorsal fin spinose, with one to a… Continue reading Lophiiformes


Belongs within: Tetraodontidae. Tetraodon is a genus of freshwater pufferfishes found in Africa (Matsuura 2015). <==Tetraodon Linnaeus 1758M15 |–T. abei Roberts 1988M15 |–T. baileyi Sontirat 1985M15 |–T. biocellatus Tirant 1885M15 |–T. cochinchinensis Steindachner 1866M15 |–T. duboisi Poll 1959M15 |–T. lagocephalus Linnaeus 1758L58 |–T. lineatus Linnaeus 1758M15 |–T. mbu Boulenger 1899M15 |–T. miurus Boulenger 1902M15 |–T.… Continue reading Tetraodon


Belongs within: Cottioidei. The Zoarcoidei are marine fishes with usually elongate, more or less compressed bodies, long dorsal and anal fins, and a single nostril on each side (Bond 1996). Zoarcoidei [Bathymasteridae, Zoarcales] | i. s.: OpaeophacusB96 | Gymnelis viridisB96 | PtilichthyidaeB96 | ScytalinidaeB96 | Araeosteus [Zaproridae]P93 | `–A. rothi Jordan & Gilbert 1920P93 |–Rathbunella… Continue reading Zoarcoidei


Belongs within: Percomorpharia.Contains: Nemipteridae, Lethrinidae, Sparus. The Spariformes are a clade of marine fishes found in tropical and subtropical shallow coastal waters, united by specialisations of the suspensorium (Betancur-R. et al. 2013). Gender’s just a state of gonads Published 30 September 2010 This is the fish that goes by the name of ‘snapper’ in New… Continue reading Spariformes


Belongs within: Cottioidei. The Cyclopteroidea are marine fishes found mostly in cold waters in which the pelvic fins (if present) are modified into a thoracic sucking disk. Cyclopteroidea |–CyclopteridaeK-M02k | |–Cyclopterus Linnaeus 1758 L58 | | |–C. lumpus Linnaeus 1758K-M02k | | `–C. nudus Linnaeus 1758 L58 | `–EumicrotremusK-M02k | |–E. orbis ND13 | `–E.… Continue reading Cyclopteroidea


Belongs within: Cottioidei. The Gasterosteidae are a group of fishes with subthoracic pelvic fins placed below the pectoral fins. They are found in both fresh and marine waters in cooler regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Gasterosteidae [Aulorhynchidae, Gasterosteales, Protosyngnathidae] |–Hypoptychus [Hypoptychidae]ND13 | `–H. dybowskiiND13 `–+–Aulorhynchus flavidusND13 `–+–Aulichthys japonicusND13 `–+–Apeltes quadracus (Mitchill 1815)ND13, K02 `–Gasterosteus Linnaeus… Continue reading Gasterosteidae


Belongs within: Cottioidei.Contains: Cottinae. The Cottoidea, sculpins, are marine and freshwater fishes with large spiny heads, wide gill openings, broad mouths, slender bodies, large fan-like pectoral fins, small caudal fins, and pelvic fins reduced to three long rays (Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002). Cottoidea [Cottidae, Icelidae] |–+–Leptocottus armatusND13 | `–CottinaeND13 `–+–+–Scorpaenichthys marmoratus Ayres 1854ND13, CWH77 |… Continue reading Cottoidea


Belongs within: Gobiidae. The Coryphopterus gobies Published 10 February 2023 With over 2000 species around the world, the gobies may considered one of the most diverse of fish lineages. Most are small fishes that live close to the bottom of their home waters. Among the many species hewing to this line are some, but not… Continue reading Coryphopterus


Belongs within: Acanthomorphata.Contains: Gerreidae, Labridae, Uranoscopiformes, Centrarchiformes, Serraniformes, Pempheridae, Epigonidae, Pentacerotidae, Ephippiformes, Spariformes, Malacanthidae, Pomacanthidae, Haemulidae, Caesionidae, Lutjanidae, Sillago, Emmelichthyidae, Lobotidae, Sciaenidae, Leiognathidae, Chaetodontidae, Monodactylidae, Acanthuriformes, Tetraodontiformes, Lophiiformes, Priacanthidae, Cepolidae, Siganidae. The Percomorpharia are a major clade of acanthomorph fishes united by molecular data (Betancur-R. et al. 2013). <==Percomorpharia [Epigonoidei]B-RB13 | i. s.: DinopercidaeB-RB13 |… Continue reading Percomorpharia


Belongs within: Percomorpharia.Contains: Leiognathus. By the light of the pony Published 7 March 2022 Light-emitting organs have evolved in many different species of marine fish. For the greater part, they are associated with inhabitants of the deep sea, the twilight and midnight zones beyond the reach of celestial light. Light production by species found in… Continue reading Leiognathidae