Clupeidae

Belongs within: Clupeiformes.Contains: Anodontostomatini, Alosa (Alosa), Sardinella, Clupea. The Clupeidae, herrings, are mostly small fishes that are most diverse in coastal marine waters with some species entering fresh water. Members of the subfamilies Alosinae and Dorosomatinae have a distinct median notch or cleft in the front of the upper jaw whereas the upper jaw is… Continue reading Clupeidae

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Cyprininae

Belongs within: Cypriniformes. The Cyprininae are a group of carps found in Eurasia and Africa, many of which possess two pairs of barbels (Bond 1996). <==Cyprininae |–Gibelion catlaB96 |–CirrhinusB96 | |–C. molitorellaB96 | |–C. mrigalaPP07 [=Cerrhina mrigalaPH72] | `–C. rebaRM72 |–CtenopharyngodonB96 | |–C. idella (Valenciennes 1844)SE08 | `–C. piceusT90 |–CarassiusB96 | |–C. auratus (Linnaeus 1758)OE97… Continue reading Cyprininae

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Cobitidae

Belongs within: Cypriniformes. The Cobitidae, loaches, are small, slender fishes found in Eurasia and Africa that bear three to six pairs of barbels around the mouth and have the gas bladder encapsulated in bone. Loaches Published 10 July 2013 The spined loaches of the Cobitidae are a family of small freshwater fishes found across Eurasia,… Continue reading Cobitidae

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Gymnotiformes

Belongs within: Ostariophysi. The Gymnotiformes are elongate-bodied, electricity-producing fishes found in Central and South America. Shock me like an electric eel Published 10 March 2014 The electric eel Electrophorus electricus is one of those animals that seem to border on the mythical. Most people will have come across some sort of reference to their existence,… Continue reading Gymnotiformes

Siluridae

Belongs within: Siluriformes. The Siluridae, sheatfishes, are an Old World group of catfishes in which the dorsal fin is small or absent and the adipose fin is absent. The wels Silurus glanis of Europe is among the largest of freshwater fishes, reaching weights of over 130 kg (Bond 1996). <==Siluridae | i. s.: Wallagonia attuB96 | Wallago… Continue reading Siluridae

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Loricariidae

Belongs within: Loricaroidei. The Loricariidae, suckermouth catfishes, are a Neotropical family of armoured catfishes. Characters (from Nelson et al. 2016): Body with bony plates; mouth ventral, with or without noticeable barbels; ventral lip papillose; adipose fin, when present, usually with a spine at anterior border; relatively long intestine; 23–38 vertebrae. Loricariidae | i. s.: PanaqueSL86… Continue reading Loricariidae

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Clupeiformes

Belongs within: Otomorpha.Contains: Clupeidae, Stolephorus, Anchovia, Coilia, Thryssa. The Clupeiformes, herring, anchovies and related taxa, are a cosmopolitan group of mostly marine fishes that usually bear silvery deciduous scales. Characters (from Bond 1996): Scales cycloid, usually silvery, deciduous, often modified into posteriorly directed scutes along mid-line of belly; fins with soft rays, pelvics abdominal; part… Continue reading Clupeiformes

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Otomorpha

Belongs within: Osteoglossocephalai.Contains: Alepocephaliformes, Ostariophysi, Clupeiformes. The Otomorpha are a clade of ray-finned fishes primarily supported by molecular data, members of which commonly have silvery areas associated with the swim bladder. <==Otomorpha [Ostarioclupeomorpha, Otocephala]B-RB13 |–+–AlepocephaliformesB-RB13 | `–OstariophysiB-RB13 `–ClupeomorphaB96 |–ClupeiformesB-RB13 `–Ellimmichthyidae [Ellimmichthyiformes, Paraclupeidae]B96 |–Paraclupea chetungensis Du 1950P93 |–EllimmichthysG88 | |–E. goodi (Eastman 1912) [=Diplomystus goodi]P93 |… Continue reading Otomorpha

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Cypriniformes

Belongs within: Ostariophysi.Contains: Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Catostomidae, Puntius, Labeo, Cyprininae, Gobioninae, Acheilognathinae, Leuciscinae, Barbinae. The Cypriniformes are a cosmopolitan group of freshwater fishes that lack teeth in the front of the mouth. Characters (from Bond 1996): Mouth teeth absent; lower pharyngeal bones sickle-shaped, with teeth that usually bite upwards against a cartilaginous pad borne on posterior… Continue reading Cypriniformes

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Characiformes

Belongs within: Ostariophysi.Contains: Characidae. The Characiformes are a group of tropical freshwater fish found in Africa and the Neotropical region. Characters (from Bond 1996): Orbitosphenoid, parietal, symplectic and subopercular bones present; jaw teeth present, opposing pharyngeal teeth usually present; barbels absent; first hypural separated from compound ural centrum; adipose fin present. Characiformes [Caracinoidei] | i.… Continue reading Characiformes

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Categorised as Otomorpha