Clupeiformes

Belongs within: Otomorpha.Contains: Clupeidae, Stolephorus, Anchovia, Coilia, Thryssa. The Clupeiformes, herring, anchovies and related taxa, are a cosmopolitan group of mostly marine fishes that usually bear silvery deciduous scales. Characters (from Bond 1996): Scales cycloid, usually silvery, deciduous, often modified into posteriorly directed scutes along mid-line of belly; fins with soft rays, pelvics abdominal; part… Continue reading Clupeiformes

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Otomorpha

Belongs within: Osteoglossocephalai.Contains: Alepocephaliformes, Ostariophysi, Clupeiformes. The Otomorpha are a clade of ray-finned fishes primarily supported by molecular data, members of which commonly have silvery areas associated with the swim bladder. <==Otomorpha [Ostarioclupeomorpha, Otocephala]B-RB13 |–+–AlepocephaliformesB-RB13 | `–OstariophysiB-RB13 `–ClupeomorphaB96 |–ClupeiformesB-RB13 `–Ellimmichthyidae [Ellimmichthyiformes, Paraclupeidae]B96 |–Paraclupea chetungensis Du 1950P93 |–EllimmichthysG88 | |–E. goodi (Eastman 1912) [=Diplomystus goodi]P93 |… Continue reading Otomorpha

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Cypriniformes

Belongs within: Ostariophysi.Contains: Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Catostomidae, Puntius, Labeo, Cyprininae, Gobioninae, Acheilognathinae, Leuciscinae, Barbinae. The Cypriniformes are a cosmopolitan group of freshwater fishes that lack teeth in the front of the mouth. Characters (from Bond 1996): Mouth teeth absent; lower pharyngeal bones sickle-shaped, with teeth that usually bite upwards against a cartilaginous pad borne on posterior… Continue reading Cypriniformes

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Characiformes

Belongs within: Ostariophysi.Contains: Characidae. The Characiformes are a group of tropical freshwater fish found in Africa and the Neotropical region. Characters (from Bond 1996): Orbitosphenoid, parietal, symplectic and subopercular bones present; jaw teeth present, opposing pharyngeal teeth usually present; barbels absent; first hypural separated from compound ural centrum; adipose fin present. Characiformes [Caracinoidei] | i.… Continue reading Characiformes

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Paracanthomorphacea

Belongs within: Acanthomorphata.Contains: Zeiformes, Gadiformes. The Paracanthomorphacea are a clade of spiny-finned fishes united on the basis of molecular data. <==ParacanthomorphaceaB-RB13 |–Zeiogadaria [Zeioigadiformes]B-RB13 | |–ZeiformesB-RB13 | `–GadariaeB-RB13 | |–GadiformesB-RB13 | `–Stylephorus [Stylephoridae, Stylephoriformes, Stylephoroidei]NE12 | `–S. chordatus Shaw 1791O99 `–Percopsiformes [Percopsaria, Salmopercae]B-RB13 |–SphenocephalusP93 [Sphenocephalidae, SphenocephaloideiB96] | `–S. fissicaudus Agassiz 1839P93 |–Percopsidae [Erismatopteridae, Percopsoidei]NE12 | |–Massamorichthys… Continue reading Paracanthomorphacea

Exocoetoidei

Belongs within: Atherinomorpha.Contains: Belonidae, Exocoetidae. The Exocoetoidei are a group of fishes in which the lower jaw is elongate for at least part of the life history. Members of the suborder also possess a plate-like process on the posterioventral part of the basioccipital, one nasal opening on each side of the head, a median lower… Continue reading Exocoetoidei

Centrarchiformes

Belongs within: Percomorpharia.Contains: Cirrhitoidei, Centrarchidae, Terapontidae. The Centrarchiformes are a clade of marine and freshwater fishes associated by molecular data that are most diverse in temperate and subtropical waters. <==Centrarchiformes | i. s.: Dinolestes [Dinolestidae]SC07 | `–D. lewiniSC07 |–+–PercalatesND13 | | |–P. colonorumND13 [incl. P. fluviatilisG75] | | `–P. novemaculeataND13 | `–+–+–CirrhitoideiND13 | | `–+–CentrarchidaeND13… Continue reading Centrarchiformes

Stomiatii

Belongs within: Osteoglossocephalai.Contains: Stomiidae, Gonostomatidae, Sternoptychidae. The Stomiatii are a clade of fishes united by molecular data, uniting the deep-sea Stomiiformes with the freshwater or diadromous Osmeriformes. <==StomiatiiB-RB13 |–Stomiiformes [Phosichthyoidei, Photichthya, Photichthyoidei, Stomiatiformes, Stomiatoidei]B-RB13 | | i. s.: Azemiolestes praeviusP05 | |–+–StomiidaeND13 | | `–Gonostomatoidei [Gonostomata]CH02a | | |–GonostomatidaeND13 | | `–SternoptychidaeND13 | `–Phosicthyidae [Photichthyidae]CH02b… Continue reading Stomiatii

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Categorised as Stomiatii

Leuciscinae

Belongs within: Cypriniformes.Contains: Rhinichthys, Nocomis, Gila, Luxilus, Phoxinus, Notropis, Rasborinae. The Leuciscinae, minnows, are a widespread group of long-bodied cyprinids with barbels and a maxillary foramen absent, and pharyngeal tooth usually in two rows. <==Leuciscinae |–+–Hesperoleucus symmetricusAS09 | `–Lavinia exilicaudaAS09 `–+–RasborinaeAS09 `–PimephalesAS09 |–P. notatusB96 |–P. promelasB96 |–P. tenellusSBW95 `–P. vigilaxSBW95 |–P. v. vigilaxSBW95 `–P. v.… Continue reading Leuciscinae

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Categorised as Otomorpha

Acheilognathinae

Belongs within: Cypriniformes. The Acheilognathinae, bitterlings, are a group of cyprinid fishes found in Europe and eastern Asia, in which females develop a long ovipositor when spawning which they commonly use to deposit eggs in the mantle cavity of molluscs (Bond 1996). <==Acheilognathinae |–TanakiaB96 | |–T. lanceolataT90 | |–T. limbataT90 | `–T. tanago (Tanaka 1909)I92… Continue reading Acheilognathinae

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Categorised as Otomorpha