Belongs within: Campanuloideae.Contains: Jasione, Edraianthus, Githopsis, Asyneuma, Phyteuma, Adenophora. Campanula, harebells, is a diverse genus of herbs found in the Northern Hemisphere with tubular to bell-shaped flowers (Hickman 1993). Phylogenetic analysis indicates the genus to be extensively non-monophyletic with many taxa treated as distinct genera arising within it. Campanula angustiflora, C. exigua, C. griffinii and… Continue reading Campanula


Belongs within: Asteraceae.Contains: Cardueae. The Carduoideae are a clade of composite-flowered plants supported by molecular data, members of which commonly have spiny leaves and discoid flower heads. Members include the Dicomeae, a group of African herbs, shrubs and small trees with homogamous or heterogamous flower heads that may have bilabiate peripheral florets (Panero & Funk… Continue reading Carduoideae


Belongs within: Asterales.Contains: Blumea, Balsamorhiza, Geigeria, Hemizonia, Lasthenia, Lessingia, Lipochaeta, Pulicaria, Cremanthodium, Machaeranthera, Saussurea, Arnica, Eriophyllum, Heterotheca, Hulsea, Layia, Malacothrix, Pyrrocoma, Tetradymia, Wyethia, Colymbada, Mutisioideae, Carduoideae, Cichorioideae, Asteroideae. The Asteraceae, also known as Compositae, are a large family of plants distinguished by their production of composite flowers: a large number of minute flowers are clustered together… Continue reading Asteraceae

Categorised as Asteraceae


Belongs within: Asteroideae. Senecio, the groundsels, is a large genus of composite-flowered plants found worldwide. Some species are significant as invasive pasture weeds, such as the toxic ragwort S. jacobaea. The fireweed S. madagascariensis, native to Africa, is potentially a serious pasture weed in Australia, but control has been complicated by taxonomic confusion between S.… Continue reading Senecio


Belongs within: Asterales.Contains: Scaevola, Velleia, Dampiera, Goodenia section Eugoodenia. The Goodeniaceae are a family of mostly Australian herbs and shrubs in which the flowers have the five lobes of the corolla usually arranged in two lips, and the style terminated by a compressed cup-shaped or two-lipped indusium. The blue pincushion Brunonia australis has a superior… Continue reading Goodeniaceae


Belongs within: Asteraceae.Contains: Erechtites, Senecio, Othonninae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae, Astereae, Anthemideae, Inuleae, Plucheeae, Helenieae, Coreopsideae, Chaenactis, Heliantheae, Madia, Eupatorium, Brickellia. The Asteroideae is a major clade within the composite-flowered plants, a major characteristic of which is the presence of true ray florets in many species. Around 3000 species within the Asteroideae are placed in the tribe… Continue reading Asteroideae


Belongs within: Gnaphalieae. Gnaphalium is a genus of woolly herbs bearing clustered, heterogamous-discoid heads (Black & Robertson 1965). Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Tomentose or woolly herbs with alternate leaves; flowerheads small, usually clustered. Involucre ovoid, bracts in several rows, upper half scarious; receptacle naked; flowers all tubular, not exceeding involucre, outer ones female,… Continue reading Gnaphalium


Belongs within: Asteroideae.Contains: Raoulia, Anaphalis, Ozothamnus, Rhodanthe, Podolepis, Angianthus, Craspedia, Calocephalus, Gnaphalium, Cassinia, Helipterum, Helichrysum, Haastia. The Gnaphalieae are the tribe of composite-flowered plants including the everlastings and related taxa. Heads are mostly heterogamous in members of the subtribes Athrixinae and Gnaphaliinae but homogamous-discoid in Angianthinae. Members of the Athrixinae have fewer outer female flowers in the… Continue reading Gnaphalieae


Belongs within: Gnaphalieae. Helichrysum is a genus of everlastings widespread throughout the Old World. Heads have a naked receptacle with involucral bracts mostly scarious or with inner bracks petaloid and radiating (Black & Robertson 1965). Members of the section Xerochlaena are prostrate creepers with herbaceous or very softly woody stems (Allan 1961). Characters (from Black… Continue reading Helichrysum


Belongs within: Apiales.Contains: Pittosporum. The Pittosporaceae are a group of trees, shrubs and lianes widespread in the Old World, members of which produce fruits with seeds covered in a sticky pulp. Representative include Billardiera, appleberries or bluebell creepers, a genus of subshrubs or lianas producing more or less succulent berries. Characters (from Allan 1961): Trees,… Continue reading Pittosporaceae

Categorised as Apiales