Pittosporaceae

Belongs within: Apiales.Contains: Pittosporum. The Pittosporaceae are a group of trees, shrubs and lianes widespread in the Old World, members of which produce fruits with seeds covered in a sticky pulp. Representative include Billardiera, appleberries or bluebell creepers, a genus of subshrubs or lianas producing more or less succulent berries. Characters (from Allan 1961): Trees,… Continue reading Pittosporaceae

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Polyscias

Belongs within: Araliaceae. Polyscias is a genus of about 100 species of trees and shrubs found in the tropics of the Old World. Representatives have pinnate leaves and flowers attached to an articulate pedicel (Philipson 1995). Some species of the genus are grown for culinary use, with the young leaves used as a pot herb.… Continue reading Polyscias

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Araliaceae

Belongs within: Apiales.Contains: Pseudopanax, Polyscias, Osmoxylon, Hydrocotyle, Trachymene, Panax, Schefflera, Aralia. The Araliaceae are a family of plants found worldwide, with diversity particularly high in the tropics. The majority of Araliaceae are shrubs and trees, though the family also includes herbs and climbers. Recent phylogenetic studies have lead to the inclusion in the Araliaceae of… Continue reading Araliaceae

Apiaceae

Belongs within: Apiales.Contains: Mackinlayoideae, Apioideae, Saniculeae. The Apiaceae, also known as Umbelliferae, is the family of flowering plants including such members as carrots, celery, hemlock and fennel. Most members of the Apiaceae are characterised by (and the family gets its alternative name from) the production of small unspecialised flowers in clustered heads called umbels. Most… Continue reading Apiaceae

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Xanthosia

Belongs within: Araliaceae. Southern crosses under the Southern Cross Published 3 August 2022 Australia is well-known for its distinctive fauna—its marsupials, its monotremes, its abundance of parrots and honeyeaters. But it is also home to many distinctive plants, representing families and genera found nowhere else in the world. One such distinctly Australian genus is Xanthosia.… Continue reading Xanthosia

Bupleurum

Belongs within: Apioideae. Bupleurum is a genus of mostly perennial herbs found primarily in the northern temperate zone. Characters (from Flora of China): Herbs perennial, rarely annual, glabrous. Rootstock usually short, woody. Stem alternate or dichotomously branched, green or glaucous, base with or without fibrous remnant sheaths. Leaves entire, petioles sheathing; blade membranous, herbaceous or… Continue reading Bupleurum

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Hydrocotyle

Belongs within: Araliaceae. Hydrocotyle, the water pennyworts, is a genus of aquatic and semi-aquatic creeping plants. Some species are cultivated in aquaria but they are also known in some areas as invasive weeds. Characters (from She, Watson & Cannon): Herbs, perennial. Stem slender, creeping or decumbent, rooting at the nodes. Leaves petiolate; petioles not sheathing;… Continue reading Hydrocotyle

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Apiales

Belongs within: Campanulidae.Contains: Pittosporaceae, Araliaceae, Apiaceae. The Apiales are a clade of flowering plants supported primarily by molecular analyses. Members include Pennantia, an Australasian genus of forest shrubs and trees with small, white flowers and blackish drupes (Kårehed 2003). Characters (from Kårehed 2003): Flowers choripetalous, corollas developing from ring primordium (early sympetaly) (at least in… Continue reading Apiales

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Osmoxylon

Belongs within: Araliaceae. Osmoxylon is a genus of about fifty species of trees and shrubs found on the islands of south-east Asia, Micronesia and Melanesia. Flowers are produced in umbels with the central stalk producing sterile, berry-like ‘pseudofruits’; pollination of fertile flowers is believed to be effected by birds picking up pollen as they feed… Continue reading Osmoxylon

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