Belongs within: Cichorioideae.Contains: Leontodontinae, Hieracium, Microseridinae, Stephanomeria, Crepis, Taraxacum. The Cichorieae are a group of composite-flowered plants bearing flowerheads with all flowers ligulate and stems with milky latex. Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Flowers all ligulate; plants with milky juice; leaves alternate or radial. Flower-heads homogamous, flowers all bisexual, ligules mostly shortly five-toothed at summit… Continue reading Cichorieae


Belongs within: Cichorioideae. The Vernonieae are a group of composite-flowered plants, mostly herbs to shrubs, found in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Species of the type genus Vernonia commonly bear intensely purple flowers and certain species are used in Africa as leaf vegetables or oilseeds. Characters (from Flora of North America): Annuals, biennials,… Continue reading Vernonieae


Belongs within: Cichorieae. Taraxacum, the dandelions, is a genus of perennial herbs bearing solitary flower heads, of which the common dandelion T. officinale has been spread widely around the world in association with humans. Characters (from Hickman 1993): Perennial from taproot; sap milky. Stems naked, hollow. Leaves all basal, toothed or lobed; lobes acute. Inflorescence… Continue reading Taraxacum


Belongs within: Cichorieae. Crepis, hawksbeards, is a primarily Northern Hemisphere genus of herbs with milky sap, bearing heads clustered in cymes (Hickman 1993). Characters (from Hickman 1993): Annual, biennial, perennial from taproot; sap milky. Stems erect, <8 dm. Leaves basal or cauline, entire to pinnately lobed. Inflorescence with heads ligulate, clustered in cymes; phyllaries in… Continue reading Crepis


Belongs within: Cichorieae. Hieracium, the hawkweeds, is a large cosmopolitan genus of composite-flowered herbs. Due to their often apomictic breeding system, recognition of species within Hieracium has been the subject of some controversy, with authors differing significantly in how many species should be recognised. A number of species of Hieracium are regarded as invasive weeds… Continue reading Hieracium


Belongs within: Asteraceae.Contains: Cichorieae, Vernonieae. The Cichorioideae is a clade of composite-flowered plants supported by molecular phylogenetic analysis (Panero & Funk 2002). Past authors have used the name to refer to a broader grouping of latex-bearing composites, but phylogenetic analyses have established that such a grouping is paraphyletic with regard to the latex-free Asteroideae. Major… Continue reading Cichorioideae


Belongs within: Cichorieae. The Leontodontinae contains the hawkbits and related plants. They are distinguished from other subtribes in the Cichorioideae by their pappus of plumose bristles, rather than scales or capillary bristles. The receptacle bears chaffy scales in Hypochaeris, cat’s-ears, but is naked in other genera (Black & Robertson 1965). Tragopogon porrifolius (salsify) and Scorzonera… Continue reading Leontodontinae